Carukia barnesi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Carukia barnesi
Carukia barnesi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Cubozoa
Order: Carybdeida
Family: Carukiidae
Genus: Carukia
Species: C. barnesi
Binomial name
Carukia barnesi
Southcott, 1967

Carukia barnesi is a small and extremely venomous jellyfish found near Australia. Stings can result in Irukandji syndrome, and thus this species is commonly known as Irukandji jellyfish, although this name does not distinguish it from other Irukandji jellyfish such as Malo kingi.

A mature C. barnesi's bell is only 12 by 30 millimetres (0.47 by 1.18 in) in height. It has four contractile tentacles, one extending from each bottom "corner" of its bell, ranging in length from 5 to 50 centimetres (2.0 to 19.7 in).[1]

The species was discovered by Dr. Jack Barnes of Cairns, Australia, who, while on an exploration mission aimed at determining the reason for Irukandji syndrome, allowed himself to be stung by the jellyfish, while his 14-year-old son and a lifeguard looked on.[2] The jellyfish was later named after him.[3]


  1. ^ Goggin, Louise (November 2004). "Irukandji Jellyfish". Plants and Animals. CRC Reef Research Centre. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  2. ^ "Stingy Scientist". Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  3. ^ Barnes J (1964). "Cause and effect in Irukandji stingings". Med J Aust. 1: 897–904. PMID 14172390. 

External links[edit]