Cary Grant

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Not to be confused with Carrie Grant or Cary Granat.
Cary Grant
Grant, Cary (Suspicion) 01 Crisco edit.jpg
Cary Grant in 1941
Born Archibald Alexander Leach
(1904-01-18)January 18, 1904
Horfield, Bristol, England, UK
Died November 29, 1986(1986-11-29) (aged 82)
Davenport, Iowa, U.S.
Cause of death Cerebral hemorrhage
Other names Archie Leach
Education Bishop Road Primary School
Fairfield Grammar School
Occupation Actor
Years active 1922–1966
Spouse(s) Virginia Cherrill (m. 1934; div. 1935)
Barbara Hutton (m. 1942; div. 1945)
Betsy Drake (m. 1949; div. 1962)
Dyan Cannon (m. 1965; div. 1968)
Barbara Harris (m. 1981–86)
Partner(s) Maureen Donaldson (1973–1977)[1]
Children Jennifer Grant (born 1966)[2]
Awards Academy Honorary Award (1970) For his unique mastery of the art of screen acting with the respect and affection of his colleagues.
Kennedy Center Honors (1981)

Cary Grant (born Archibald Alexander Leach; January 18, 1904 – November 29, 1986) was an English born American stage and Hollywood film actor who became an American citizen in 1942. Known for his transatlantic accent, debonair demeanor, and "dashing good looks", Grant is considered one of classic Hollywood's definitive leading men.[3]

In 1999, the American Film Institute named Grant the second greatest male star, out of 25, of American cinema of all time (after Humphrey Bogart). Grant was known for comedic and dramatic roles; his best-known films include Bringing Up Baby (1938), The Philadelphia Story (1940), His Girl Friday (1940), Arsenic and Old Lace (1944), Notorious (1946), An Affair to Remember (1957), North by Northwest (1959), and Charade (1963).

He was nominated twice for the Academy Award for Best Actor (Penny Serenade (1941) and None but the Lonely Heart (1944)) and five times for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor. In 1970, he was presented an Honorary Oscar at the 42nd Academy Awards by Frank Sinatra "for his unique mastery of the art of screen acting with the respect and affection of his colleagues".[4][5]

Early life and career[edit]

Archibald Alexander Leach was born at 15 Hughenden Road, Horfield, Bristol, England, the only surviving child of Elsie Maria Leach (née Kingdon; 1877–1973) and Elias James Leach (1873–1935), a trouser presser.[6][7][8] Young Archie Leach had an unhappy upbringing, attended Bishop Road Primary School and, for just a few months, North Street Wesleyan School in Stokes Croft.[9]

His mother had suffered clinical depression since the death of a previous child. Elias Leach placed Archibald's mother in a mental institution and told the 9-year-old that she had gone away on a "long holiday", later declaring that she had died. When Leach was 10, his father remarried and started a new family that did not include young Archibald. Little is known about how he was cared for, and by whom. Leach did not learn his mother had not died until he was 31, when his father confessed to the lie,[10] shortly before his own death, and told Leach that he could find her alive in a care facility.[11]

Leach was expelled from the Fairfield Grammar School in Bristol, in 1918. After joining the "Bob Pender Stage Troupe", he performed as a stilt walker. At age 16, in 1920, he traveled with the group on a two-year tour of the United States, on the RMS Olympic. He was processed at Ellis Island on July 28, 1920.[12]

When the troupe returned to Britain, Leach decided to stay in the U.S. and continue his stage career. During this time, he became a part of the vaudeville world and toured with Parker, Rand, and Leach. Still using his birth name, he performed on the stage at The Muny in St. Louis, Missouri, in such shows as Irene (1931), Music in May (1931), Nina Rosa (1931), Rio Rita (1931), Street Singer (1931), The Three Musketeers (1931), and Wonderful Night (1931). Leach's experience on stage as a stilt walker, acrobat, juggler, and mime taught him "phenomenal physical grace and exquisite comic timing", and the value of teamwork, skills which would benefit him in Hollywood.[11]

Leach became a naturalized United States citizen on June 26, 1942, at which time he also legally changed his name from "Archibald Alexander Leach" to "Cary Grant".[13]

Hollywood stardom[edit]

Grant, Rosalind Russell and Ralph Bellamy in a publicity photo for His Girl Friday (1940)

After appearing in several musicals on Broadway under the name Archie Leach,[14] Leach went to Hollywood in 1931.[11] When told to change his name, he proposed "Cary Lockwood", the name of the character he had played in the Broadway show Nikki, opposite Fay Wray. He signed with Paramount Pictures, where studio bosses decided the name "Cary" was acceptable, but "Lockwood" was too similar to another actor's surname. Paramount gave their new actor a list of surnames to choose from, and he selected "Grant".[citation needed]

Grant appeared as a leading man opposite Marlene Dietrich in Blonde Venus (1932), and his stardom was given a further boost by Mae West when she chose him for her leading man in two of her most successful films: She Done Him Wrong and I'm No Angel (both 1933).[15] I'm No Angel was a tremendous financial success and, along with She Done Him Wrong, which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Picture, saved Paramount from bankruptcy. Paramount put Grant in a series of unsuccessful films until 1936, when he signed with Columbia Pictures. His first major comedy hit was when he was loaned to Hal Roach's studio for Topper (1937, distributed by MGM).

The Awful Truth director Leo McCarey in 1937

The Awful Truth (1937) was another pivotal film in Grant's career, which established for him a screen persona as a sophisticated light comedy leading man. As Grant later wrote, "I pretended to be somebody I wanted to be and I finally became that person. Or he became me. Or we met at some point."[11] Grant is said to have based his characterization in The Awful Truth on the mannerisms and intonations of the film's director, Leo McCarey, whom he resembled physically. As writer/director Peter Bogdanovich noted, "After The Awful Truth, when it came to light comedy, there was Cary Grant and then everyone else was an also-ran."[citation needed]

Cary Grant in The Philadelphia Story (1940)

The Awful Truth began what The Atlantic later called "the most spectacular run ever for an actor in American pictures".[11] During the next four years, Grant appeared in several classic romantic comedies and screwball comedies, including Holiday (1938) and Bringing Up Baby (1938), both opposite Katharine Hepburn; The Philadelphia Story (1940) with Hepburn and James Stewart; His Girl Friday (1940) with Rosalind Russell; and My Favorite Wife (1940), which reunited him with Irene Dunne, his co-star in The Awful Truth. During this time, he also made the adventure films Gunga Din (1939) with Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Only Angels Have Wings (1939) with Jean Arthur and Rita Hayworth, and dramas Penny Serenade (1941) with Dunne, and Suspicion (1941), the first of Grant's four collaborations with Alfred Hitchcock.

With Eva Marie Saint in Hitchcock's North by Northwest (1959)

Grant was a favorite of Hitchcock's, who called him "the only actor I ever loved in my whole life".[16] Besides Suspicion, Grant appeared in the Hitchcock classics Notorious (1946), To Catch a Thief (1955), and North by Northwest (1959).

In 1952, he appeared in Monkey Business co-starring with Ginger Rogers and Marilyn Monroe, in the mid-1950s, Grant formed his own production company, Granart Productions and produced a number of films distributed by Universal, such as Operation Petticoat (1959), Indiscreet (1958), That Touch of Mink (co-starring with Doris Day, 1962), and Father Goose (1964). Producers Albert R. Broccoli and Harry Saltzman originally sought Grant for the role of James Bond in Dr. No (1962) but discarded the idea as Grant would be committed to only one feature film; therefore, the producers decided to go after someone who could be part of a franchise. In 1963, Grant appeared opposite Audrey Hepburn in Charade directed by Stanley Donen.

Biographer Patrick McGilligan wrote that in 1965 Hitchcock asked Grant to star in Torn Curtain (1966) only to learn that Grant had decided to retire.[17]

Grant was the first actor to "go independent" by not renewing his studio contract, effectively leaving the studio system,[11] which almost completely controlled what an actor could or could not do. In this way, Grant was able to control every aspect of his career, at the risk of not working because no particular studio had an interest in his career long term. He decided which films he was going to appear in, often had personal choice of directors and co-stars, and at times even negotiated a share of the gross revenue, something uncommon at the time. Grant received more than $700,000 for his 10% of the gross for To Catch a Thief, while Hitchcock received less than $50,000 for directing and producing it.[18]

With Audrey Hepburn in Charade (1963)

Grant was nominated for two Academy Awards, for Penny Serenade (1941) and None But the Lonely Heart (1944), but never won a competitive Oscar; he received a special Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement in 1970. Accepting the Best Original Screenplay Oscar on April 5, 1965 at the 37th Academy Awards, Father Goose co-writer Peter Stone had quipped, "My thanks to Cary Grant, who keeps winning these things for other people". In 1981, Grant was accorded the Kennedy Center Honors.[citation needed]

Grant remained one of Hollywood's top box-office attractions for almost 30 years.[11] Howard Hawks said that Grant was "so far the best that there isn't anybody to be compared to him".[19] Film critic David Thomson called him "the best and most important actor in the history of the cinema".[11]

Grant poked fun at himself with statements such as, "Everyone wants to be Cary Grant—even I want to be Cary Grant",[20] and in ad-lib lines—such as in the film His Girl Friday (1940), saying, "I never had so much fun since Archie Leach died". In Arsenic and Old Lace (1944), a gravestone is seen bearing the name Archie Leach. According to a famous story now believed to be apocryphal, after seeing a telegram from a magazine editor to his agent asking, "How old Cary Grant?", Grant reportedly responded, "Old Cary Grant fine. How you?"[21][22]

Personal life[edit]

Second wife Barbara Hutton

Grant was married five times. He wed Virginia Cherrill on February 10, 1934. She divorced him on March 26, 1935, following charges that Grant had hit her. In 1942, he married Barbara Hutton, one of the wealthiest women in the world, and became a father figure to her son, Lance Reventlow. The couple was derisively nicknamed "Cash and Cary", although in an extensive prenuptial agreement Grant refused any financial settlement in the event of a divorce. After divorcing in 1945, they remained lifelong friends. Grant always bristled at the accusation that he married for money: "I may not have married for very sound reasons, but money was never one of them."[23][24]

Wife Betsy Drake in trailer of her film with Grant, Every Girl Should Be Married (1948)

On December 25, 1949, Grant married Betsy Drake. He appeared with her in two films. This would prove to be his longest marriage, ending on August 14, 1962. Drake introduced Grant to LSD, and in the early 1960s he related how treatment with the hallucinogenic drug—legal at the time—at a prestigious California clinic had finally brought him inner peace after yoga, hypnotism, and mysticism had proved ineffective.[25][26][27] Grant and Drake divorced in 1962.[24]

He eloped with Dyan Cannon on July 22, 1965, in Las Vegas. Their daughter, Jennifer Grant, was born on February 26, 1966.[2] He frequently called Jennifer his "best production".[28] Grant and Cannon divorced in March 1968.[29]

On April 11, 1981, Grant married Barbara Harris, a British hotel public relations agent who was 47 years his junior. They renewed their vows on their fifth wedding anniversary.[30]

Some, including Hedda Hopper[31] and screenwriter Arthur Laurents, claimed Grant was bisexual.[32] Grant was allegedly involved with costume designer Orry-Kelly when he first moved to Manhattan,[33] and lived with actor Randolph Scott off and on for 12 years.[34] Richard Blackwell wrote that Grant and Scott were "deeply, madly in love."[35] Scotty Bowers alleged in his memoir, Full Service (2012)[36] that he had been intimately involved with both Grant and Scott.[37] William McBrien, in his biography Cole Porter, says that Porter and Grant frequented the same upscale house of male prostitution in Harlem, run by Clint Moore and popular with celebrities.[38] All of these claims were published many years after Grant had died. Barbara Harris, Grant's widow, has disputed claims that Grant had had a relationship with Scott.[39] When Chevy Chase joked in a television interview about Grant's being gay, Grant sued him for slander; they settled out of court.[40] However, Grant's one-time girlfriend Maureen Donaldson wrote in her memoir, An Affair to Remember: My Life with Cary Grant (1989), that Grant told her his first two wives had accused him of being homosexual.[citation needed]

In Chaplin's Girl, a biography of Grant's first wife Virginia Cherrill, Miranda Seymour wrote that Grant and Scott were only platonic friends.[41] Former showgirl Lisa Medford claimed Grant had wanted her to have his child, but she did not want children.[42]

Grant's daughter Jennifer Grant wrote that her father was not gay in her memoir, Good Stuff (2011).[43][44][45] In 2012, Dyan Cannon, said that Grant was not gay.[46][47]


Cary Grant in 1973

His widow Barbara Harris described Grant as "probably more Republican than anything else, but he was more interested in the issues. So could go either way". He did not think film stars should make political declarations:[48] "I'm opposed to actors taking sides in public and spouting spontaneously about love, religion or politics. ... I'm a mass of inconsistencies when it comes to politics."[49]

Grant maintained friendships with colleagues of varying political positions, and his few political activities seemed to be shaped by personal friendships. Grant condemned McCarthyism in 1953, and when his friend Charlie Chaplin was blacklisted, Grant said that Chaplin's artistic value outweighed political concerns.[49] He was also a friend of the Kennedy brothers and had close ties with the Mankiewicz family, including Robert Kennedy's press secretary Frank Mankiewicz, and hosted one of Robert Kennedy's first political fundraisers at his home. Grant made a rare statement on public issues after the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy, calling for gun control.[50] In 1976, after his retirement from films, Grant introduced his friend Betty Ford, the First Lady of the United States, at the Republican National Convention.[48]


Cary Grant in 1949; he had the mole on his cheek removed the following year.

Grant retired from the screen at 62, when his daughter Jennifer was born, to focus on bringing her up and to provide a sense of permanency and stability in her life. While raising his daughter, he archived artifacts of her childhood and adolescence in a bank-quality, room-sized vault he had installed in the house. His daughter attributed this meticulous collection to the fact that artifacts of his own childhood had been destroyed during the Luftwaffe's bombing of Bristol in the Second World War (an event that also claimed the lives of his uncle, aunt, cousin, and the cousin's husband and grandson), and he may have wanted to prevent her from experiencing a similar loss.[51]

Although Grant had retired from the screen, he remained active. In the late 1960s, he accepted a position on the board of directors at Fabergé. By all accounts this position was not honorary, as some had assumed; Grant regularly attended meetings and his mere appearance at a product launch would almost certainly guarantee its success. The position also permitted use of a private plane, which Grant could use to fly to see his daughter wherever her mother, Dyan Cannon, was working. He later joined the boards of Hollywood Park, the Academy of Magical Arts (The Magic Castle, Hollywood, California), Western Airlines (acquired by Delta Air Lines in 1987), and MGM.[39]

Grant expressed no interest in making a career comeback and rejected all offers to appear in movies and stage plays. He admitted in interviews that he rarely attended current movies or plays, or kept up with them. During a 1978 sit-down with London Times columnist Roderick Mann, Grant remarked: "I probably have less than 70,000 hours left on this Earth and I'm going to enjoy every one of them." His health remained good until almost the end of his life, when he suffered a mild stroke in October 1984.[citation needed]

Statue of Cary Grant in Millennium Square, Bristol

In the last few years of his life, Grant undertook tours of the United States in a one-man show, A Conversation with Cary Grant, in which he would show clips from his films and answer audience questions.[39][52]


Grant was at the Hotel Blackhawk preparing for a performance at the Adler Theatre in Davenport, Iowa, on the afternoon of November 29, 1986, when he collapsed of a cerebral hemorrhage. His then-fifth wife, Barbara Harris, unaware of what was ailing him, went to a local pharmacy to get aspirin. He died at 11:22 p.m.[39] in St. Luke's Hospital, at age 82. The bulk of his estate, worth millions of dollars, went to his wife Barbara Harris and his daughter Jennifer Grant.[52]


In 2001, a statue of Grant was erected in Millennium Square, a regenerated area next to Bristol Harbour, Bristol, in the city where he was born.[citation needed]

In November 2005, Grant came in first in Premiere magazine's list of "The 50 Greatest Movie Stars of All Time".[53] Richard Schickel, the film critic, said about Grant: "He's the best star actor there ever was in the movies."[54]

Broadway credits[edit]

North by Northwest
Date Production Role
September 2, 1922 - April 28, 1923 Better Times Performer
November 30, 1927 - May 5, 1928 Golden Dawn Anzac
January 28 - March 30, 1929 Boom Boom Reggie Phipps
October 31, 1929 - February 15, 1930 A Wonderful Night Max Grunewald
September 29 - October 31, 1931 Nikki Cary Lockwood


Year Title Role Notes
1932 This Is the Night Stephen
1932 Sinners in the Sun Ridgeway
1932 Singapore Sue First Sailor Short subject
1932 Merrily We Go to Hell Charlie Baxter UK title: Merrily We Go to _____
1932 Devil and the Deep Lieutenant Jaeckel
1932 Blonde Venus Nick Townsend
1932 Hot Saturday Romer Sheffield
1932 Madame Butterfly Lieutenant B.F. Pinkerton
1933 She Done Him Wrong Capt. Cummings
1933 The Woman Accused Jeffrey Baxter
1933 The Eagle and the Hawk Henry Crocker
1933 Gambling Ship Ace Corbin
1933 I'm No Angel Jack Clayton
1933 Alice in Wonderland The Mock Turtle
1934 Thirty-Day Princess Porter Madison III
1934 Born to Be Bad Malcolm Trevor
1934 Kiss and Make-Up Dr. Maurice Lamar
1934 Ladies Should Listen Julian De Lussac
1935 Enter Madame Gerald Fitzgerald
1935 Wings in the Dark Ken Gordon
1935 The Last Outpost Michael Andrews
1935 Sylvia Scarlett Jimmy Monkley
1936 Big Brown Eyes Det. Sgt. Danny Barr
1936 Suzy Andre
1936 The Amazing Quest of Ernest Bliss Ernest Bliss Alternative titles: Romance and Riches
The Amazing Adventure
1936 Wedding Present Charlie
1937 When You're in Love Jimmy Hudson UK title: For You Alone
1937 Topper George Kerby
1937 The Toast of New York Nicholas "Nick" Boyd
1937 The Awful Truth Jerry Warriner
1938 Bringing Up Baby Dr. David Huxley
1938 Holiday John "Johnny" Case
1939 Gunga Din Sgt. Archibald Cutter
1939 Only Angels Have Wings Geoff Carter
1939 In Name Only Alec Walker
1940 His Girl Friday Walter Burns
1940 My Favorite Wife Nick
1940 The Howards of Virginia Matt Howard UK title: The Tree of Liberty
1940 The Philadelphia Story C. K. Dexter Haven
1941 Penny Serenade Roger Adams Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
1941 Suspicion Johnnie
1942 The Talk of the Town Leopold Dilg a.k.a. Joseph
1942 Once Upon a Honeymoon Patrick "Pat" O'Toole
1943 Mr. Lucky Joe Adams/Joe Bascopolous
1943 Destination Tokyo Capt. Cassidy
1944 Once Upon a Time Jerry Flynn
1944 Arsenic and Old Lace Mortimer Brewster
1944 None But the Lonely Heart Ernie Mott Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
1946 Without Reservations himself (cameo)
1946 Night and Day Cole Porter
1946 Notorious T.R. Devlin
1947 The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer Dick UK title: Bachelor Knight
1947 The Bishop's Wife Dudley
1948 Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House Jim Blandings
1948 Every Girl Should Be Married Dr. Madison W. Brown
1949 I Was a Male War Bride Capt. Henri Rochard UK title: You Can't Sleep Here
1950 Crisis Dr. Eugene Norland Ferguson
1951 People Will Talk Dr. Noah Praetorius
1952 Room for One More George "Poppy" Rose
1952 Monkey Business Dr. Barnaby Fulton
1953 Dream Wife Clemson Reade
1955 To Catch a Thief John Robie
1957 The Pride and the Passion Anthony
1957 An Affair to Remember Nickie Ferrante
1957 Kiss Them for Me Cmdr. Andy Crewson
1958 Indiscreet Philip Adams Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1958 Houseboat Tom Winters
1959 North by Northwest Roger O. Thornhill
1959 Operation Petticoat Lt. Cmdr. Matt T. Sherman Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1960 The Grass Is Greener Victor Rhyall, Earl Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1962 That Touch of Mink Philip Shayne Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1963 Charade Peter Joshua/Alexander Dyle/Adam Canfield/Brian Cruikshank Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1964 Father Goose Walter Christopher Eckland
1966 Walk, Don't Run Sir William Rutland

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source
1939 Lux Radio Theatre The Awful Truth[55]
1953 Lux Radio Theatre The Bishop's Wife[56]
1953 GE Playhouse The Bachelor[57]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Donaldson 1990.[page needed].
  2. ^ a b Sidewater, Nancy (August 7, 2009). "An Affair To Forget". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 13, 2013. 
  3. ^ McMann 1996, p. 271, n. 13. Note: Although Grant's baptismal record records his middle name as "Alec", it is "Alexander" on his birth certificate.
  4. ^ "Oscar". Retrieved October 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Cary Grant: Honorary Oscar". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved October 22, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Elsie Kingdom." Retrieved: July 12, 2008.
  7. ^ Pace, Eric. "Movies' Epitome of Elegance Dies of a Stroke." The New York Times, December 1, 1986. Retrieved: July 12, 2008.
  8. ^ "Still Performing at 82, He Died on Tour : Cary Grant: A Self-Made Man of Wit and Charm". latimes. Retrieved August 29, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Desert Island Docs: A new school for Cary Grant" Bristol Record Office Retrieved: 27 October 2013.
  10. ^ "Cary Grant's LSD Gateway to God." The Sydney Morning Herald, World Entertainment News Network, October 18, 2011. Retrieved: October 14, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Schwarz, Benjamin (January–February 2007). "Becoming Cary Grant". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 18, 2011. 
  12. ^ "The Statue of Liberty". Ellis Island Foundation, Inc. Retrieved March 24, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Frequently asked questions". Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Cary Grant." Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved: September 8, 2011.
  15. ^ "Cary Grant biography". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  16. ^ Nelson and Grant 1992, p. 325.
  17. ^ McGilligan 2003, pp. 663–664.
  18. ^ Hodgins, Eric (May 10, 1957). "Amid Ruins of an Empire a New Hollywood Arises". Life. p. 146. 
  19. ^ Mast 1988, p. 260.
  20. ^ "Cary in the Sky with Diamonds". Vanity Fair (Number 600): 174. August 2010. 
  21. ^ "Old Cary Grant Fine". Time. July 27, 1962. 
  22. ^ Halliwell 1988, p. 303.
  23. ^ Hadleigh 2003, p. 238.
  24. ^ a b "Public Record". State of California.
  25. ^ "Cary Grant Today". Saturday Evening Post. March 1978. Retrieved June 13, 2009. 
  26. ^ McKelvey, Bob (January 18, 1984). "Cary Grant – Hollywood's Zany Lover Reaches 80". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved June 13, 2009. 
  27. ^ Godfrey 1981[page needed]
  28. ^ "Hollywood loses a legend". The Montreal Gazette. December 1, 1986. p. 1. Retrieved March 13, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Dyan Cannon granted divorce". The Windsor Star. March 22, 1968. p. 48. Retrieved March 13, 2013. 
  30. ^ Mayer, Bill (October 5, 2003). "Mayer: Sayers' Advice on Education Priceless for Today's Athletes". Lawrence Journal-World. Retrieved August 9, 2009. 
  31. ^ Mann 2001, p. 154.
  32. ^ Laurents 2001, p. 131.
  33. ^ Higham and Moseley, p. 25.
  34. ^ "Paper Trail: Great American Couple". The Advocate. January 5, 2009. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  35. ^ Blackwell 1995[page needed].
  36. ^ Bowers, Scotty (2012). Full Service. New York: Grove Press. 
  37. ^ Collis, Clark (February 10, 2012). "Scotty Bowers: The Young Man Who Sold Sex to Old Hollywood". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  38. ^ McBrien, William (2000). Cole Porter. Vintage. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-679-72792-7. 
  39. ^ a b c d Jaynes, Barbara Grant and Robert Trachtenberg. "Cary Grant: A Class Apart", Turner Classic Movies, Burbank, California: Turner Classic Movies (TCM) and Turner Entertainment, 2004.
  40. ^ Eliot 2004[page needed].
  41. ^ Louvish, Simon (May 9, 2009). "Bright Spark of the Silver Screen". The Guardian. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Lisa Medford, Cary Grant: First Nude Showgirl in Vegas Tells About Relationship With Actor". The Huffington Post. June 4, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  43. ^ Grant, Jennifer (April 28, 2011). "'My Father Liked Being Called Gay,' Admits Cary Grant's Daughter in New Memoir". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  44. ^ "Cary Grant's Daughter Opens Up on His Devotion, Style and Sexuality". PopEater. AOL. May 3, 2011. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  45. ^ Grant, Jennifer (2011). Good Stuff: a Reminiscence of My Father, Cary Grant. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf/Random House, Inc. ISBN 978-0-307-26710-8. 
  46. ^ Cannon, Dyan (2011). My Life With Cary Grant. It Books. 
  47. ^ "Dyan Cannon: 'Cary Grant Was Not Gay'". September 21, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  48. ^ a b Jaynes, Barbara Grant and Robert Trachtenberg. "PBS: Cary Grant: A Class Apart." The Washington Post, May 26, 2005; retrieved June 13, 2009.
  49. ^ a b Nelson 2007, p. 180.
  50. ^ Nelson 2007, p. 283.
  51. ^ Grant 2011, pp. 234, 263.
  52. ^ a b Decker, Cathleen (December 4, 1986). "Cary Grant Will Leaves Bulk of Estate to His Widow, Daughter". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  53. ^ "The 50 Greatest Movie Stars of All Time." Premiere. Retrieved: August 21, 2011.
  54. ^ Hammond, Pete. "Remembering Cary Grant at 100." CBS News, Associated Press, May 21, 2004. Retrieved: June 13, 2009.
  55. ^ "Those Were The Days". Nostalgia Digest 41 (3): 32–39. Summer 2015. 
  56. ^ Kirby, Walter (May 10, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 50. Retrieved June 27, 2015 – via  open access publication - free to read
  57. ^ Kirby, Walter (July 5, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 40. Retrieved July 5, 2015 – via  open access publication - free to read


External links[edit]