Cary Middlecoff

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Cary Middlecoff
CaryMiddlecoffImage.jpg
Personal information
Full nameEmmett Cary Middlecoff
NicknameDoc
Born(1921-01-06)January 6, 1921
Halls, Tennessee
DiedSeptember 1, 1998(1998-09-01) (aged 77)
Memphis, Tennessee
Sporting nationality United States
Spouse
Edith Buck
(m. 1947)
Career
CollegeUniversity of Mississippi
University of Tennessee College of Dentistry
Turned professional1947
Former tour(s)PGA Tour
Professional wins40
Number of wins by tour
PGA Tour39 (Tied 10th all time)
Other1
Best results in major championships
(wins: 3)
Masters TournamentWon: 1955
PGA Championship2nd: 1955
U.S. OpenWon: 1949, 1956
The Open Championship14th: 1957
Achievements and awards
World Golf Hall of Fame1986 (member page)
Vardon Trophy1956

Emmett Cary Middlecoff (January 6, 1921 – September 1, 1998) was an American professional golfer on the PGA Tour from 1947 to 1961. His 39 Tour wins place him tied for tenth all-time, and he won three major championships. Middlecoff graduated as a dentist, but gave up his practice at age 26 to become a full-time Tour golfer.

Early life and education[edit]

Middlecoff was born January 6, 1921,[1] in Halls, Tennessee. He graduated from Christian Brothers High School. He played collegiate golf at the University of Mississippi, becoming that school's first golf All-American in 1939. First as an undergraduate and active member of Kappa Alpha Order, then as a dental student at the University of Tennessee, Middlecoff won the Tennessee State Amateur Championship for four straight years (1940–1943). After obtaining his Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) degree in 1944, he entered the United States Army Dental Corps during World War II. He won a PGA Tour tournament as an amateur in 1945, and then turned professional in 1947. He was selected for the 1947 Walker Cup team but immediately withdrew as he intended turning professional.[2][3]

PGA Tour career[edit]

During his playing career, Middlecoff won 39 PGA Tour tournaments,[4] including the 1955 Masters and U.S. Open titles in 1949 and 1956. He won the Vardon Trophy for lowest scoring average in 1956.

Middlecoff played on three Ryder Cup teams: 1953, 1955, and 1959 – the U.S. teams won all three times. He was ineligible for the 1957 Ryder Cup because he failed to play in the PGA Championship that year.[5] Middlecoff was disappointed to lose a playoff in the 1957 U.S. Open to Dick Mayer, and played very few events following that event. The U.S. lost the Cup in 1957, for the first time since 1933.

Middlecoff's three best seasons were 1949, 1951 and 1956, as he won six tour titles in each of those years. He won at least one tour tournament in 13 of his 15 seasons, missing only in 1957 and 1960.

During the decade of the 1950s, Middlecoff won 28 tour titles, more than any other player during that span. A tall player with plenty of power and very good accuracy, Middlecoff during his best years was also a superb putter. He was known for often taking excessive time to play his shots.

Back problems and struggles with his nerves during competition ended his career in the early 1960s, when he was in his early 40s, although he continued to play occasionally, competing in the Masters until 1971, as a past champion.

Middlecoff became a top player despite having one leg slightly shorter than the other.[6]

Movies, television and writing[edit]

Middlecoff later developed a reputation as one of the best of the early golf television commentators. After retiring from the tour, he spent 18 years as a golf analyst for television.[7] He appeared in two motion pictures as himself (Follow the Sun (1951, about the life and career of Ben Hogan) and The Bellboy (1960)). He wrote a newspaper column, "The Golf Doctor." He also appeared in a short biographical sports documentary Golf Doctor (1947).

Later life[edit]

In 1986, Middlecoff was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame. He died of heart disease in 1998 in Memphis, Tennessee. He was survived by his wife of 51 years, Edith.[7]

Professional wins (41)[edit]

PGA Tour wins (39)[edit]

Legend
Major championships (3)
Other PGA Tour (36)
No. Date Tournament Winning score Margin of
victory
Runner(s)-up
1 Nov 8, 1945 North and South Open
(as an amateur)
−8 (70-69-69-72=280) 5 strokes United States Denny Shute
2 Mar 30, 1947 Charlotte Open −11 (70-65-71-71=277) Playoff United States George Schoux
3 Mar 9, 1948 Miami International Four-Ball
(with Australia Jim Ferrier)
1 up United States Ed Furgol and United States Ellsworth Vines
4 Nov 7, 1948 Hawaiian Open −10 (70-70-63-71=274) 3 strokes United States Johnny Bulla
5 Feb 27, 1949 Rio Grande Valley Open −17 (68-66-63-70=267) 2 strokes United States Bob Hamilton
6 Mar 13, 1949 Miami International Four-Ball (2)
(with Australia Jim Ferrier)
9 and 8 United States Skip Alexander and England Harry Cooper
7 Mar 21, 1949 Jacksonville Open −14 (66-68-71-69=274) 2 strokes United States Jerry Barber
8 Jun 11, 1949 U.S. Open +2 (75-67-69-75=286) 1 stroke United States Clayton Heafner, United States Sam Snead
9 Jun 19, 1949 Motor City Open −11 (66-67-71-69=273) Shared title with United States Lloyd Mangrum
10 Jul 10, 1949 Reading Open −14 (67-68-65-66=266) 1 stroke United States Sam Snead
11 Feb 26, 1950 Houston Open −11 (71-66-69-71=277) 3 strokes United States Pete Cooper
12 Mar 20, 1950 Jacksonville Open (2) −9 (70-73-67-69=279) 2 strokes United States George Fazio
13 Sep 18, 1950 St. Louis Open −10 (71-66-68-65=270) Playoff United States Ed Oliver
14 Jan 22, 1951 Lakewood Park Open −13 (70-64-69-68=271) 3 strokes United States Manuel de la Torre
15 May 27, 1951 Colonial National Invitation +2 (69-71-69-73=282) 1 stroke United States Jack Burke Jr.
16 Aug 5, 1951 All American Open −14 (71-69-66-68=274) 2 strokes United States Fred Hawkins
17 Sep 16, 1951 Eastern Open −9 (71-68-69-71=279) 1 stroke United States Jerry Barber
18 Sep 30, 1951 St. Louis Open (2) −15 (65-65-69-70=269) 2 strokes United States Lloyd Mangrum
19 Oct 7, 1951 Kansas City Open −10 (69-66-72-71=278) Playoff United States Dave Douglas, United States Doug Ford
20 Feb 10, 1952 El Paso Open −15 (65-66-69-69=269) 3 strokes United States Al Besselink
21 Jul 6, 1952 Motor City Open (2) −14 (69-67-67-71=274) Playoff United States Ted Kroll
22 Jul 13, 1952 St. Paul Open −22 (65-68-67-66=266) 5 strokes United States Sam Snead
23 Aug 17, 1952 Kansas City Open (2) −12 (67-68-72-69=276) Playoff United States Jack Burke Jr.
24 Mar 1, 1953 Houston Open (2) −5 (67-72-72-72=283) Playoff Australia Jim Ferrier, United States Shelley Mayfield,
United States Bill Nary, United States Earl Stewart
25 May 17, 1953 Palm Beach Round Robin +42 points 7 points United States Jimmy Demaret
26 Jun 28, 1953 Carling Open −13 (68-71-67-69=275) Playoff United States Ted Kroll
27 Jul 4, 1954 Motor City Open (3) −6 (72-68-70-68=278) 2 strokes United States Tommy Bolt, United States Marty Furgol,
United States Gene Littler
28 Jan 16, 1955 Bing Crosby National Pro-Am Golf Championship −7 (69-69-71=209) 4 strokes United States Julius Boros, United States Paul McGuire
29 Mar 20, 1955 St. Petersburg Open −14 (68-66-73-67=274) 2 strokes United States Jay Hebert
30 Apr 10, 1955 Masters Tournament −9 (72-65-72-70=279) 7 strokes United States Ben Hogan
31 Jun 26, 1955 Western Open −16 (69-70-70-63=272) 2 strokes United States Mike Souchak
32 Jul 17, 1955 Miller High Life Open −15 (64-67-66-68=265) 4 strokes United States Julius Boros, United States Ted Kroll,
United States Mike Souchak
33 Sep 11, 1955 Cavalcade of Golf −4 (71-70-70-65=276) 2 strokes United States Sam Snead
34 Sep 11, 1956 Bing Crosby National Pro-Am Golf Championship (2) −14 (66-68-68=202) 5 strokes United States Mike Souchak
35 Feb 5, 1956 Phoenix Open −8 (72-66-70-68=276) 3 strokes United States Mike Souchak
36 Jun 16, 1956 U.S. Open (2) +1 (71-70-70-70=281) 1 stroke United States Julius Boros, United States Ben Hogan
37 Aug 11, 1958 Miller Open Invitational (2) −16 (67-64-66-67=264) 2 strokes United States Bob Rosburg
38 Mar 23, 1959 St. Petersburg Open Invitational (2) −16 (70-69-67-69=275) 3 strokes United States Pete Cooper
39 Jun 4, 1961 Memphis Open Invitational −14 (67-68-64-67=266) 5 strokes United States Gardner Dickinson, United States Mike Souchak

*Mangrum and Middlecoff agreed to share the 1949 Motor City Open after failing light caused play to halt after eleven holes of a playoff.

PGA Tour playoff record (7–6–1)

No. Year Tournament Opponent(s) Result
1 1947 Charlotte Open United States George Schoux Won 18-hole playoff;
Middlecoff: −8 (64),
Schoux: +1 (73)
2 1948 Tacoma Open Invitational United States Chuck Congdon, United States Vic Ghezzi,
United States Fred Haas, United States Ed Oliver
Oliver won with eagle on first extra hole after 18-hole playoff;
Oliver: −2 (69),
Middlecoff: −2 (69),
Haas: +1 (72),
Congdon: +2 (73),
Ghezzi: +4 (75)
3 1949 Motor City Open United States Lloyd Mangrum Playoff abandoned after eleven holes due to darkness; tournament shared
4 1950 St. Louis Open United States Ed Oliver Won with birdie on second extra hole after 18-hole playoff;
Middlecoff: −3 (67),
Oliver: −3 (67)
5 1951 Kansas City Open United States Dave Douglas, United States Doug Ford Won 18-hole playoff;
Middlecoff: −4 (68),
Douglas: E (72),
Ford: E (72)
6 1952 Motor City Open United States Ted Kroll Won with birdie on first extra hole
7 1952 World Championship of Golf United States Julius Boros Lost 18-hole playoff;
Boros: −4 (68),
Middlecoff: −2 (70)
8 1952 Kansas City Open United States Jack Burke Jr. Won 18-hole playoff;
Middlecoff: −6 (66),
Burke: E (72)
9 1953 Houston Open Australia Jim Ferrier, United States Shelley Mayfield,
United States Bill Nary, United States Earl Stewart
Won 18-hole playoff;
Middlecoff: −3 (69),
Ferrier: −1 (71),
Mayfield: −1 (71),
Stewart: E (72),
Nary: +3 (75)
10 1953 Carling Open United States Ted Kroll Won with par on second extra hole
11 1953 Fort Wayne Open United States Art Wall Jr. Lost 18-hole playoff;
Wall: −2 (70),
Middlecoff: E (72)
12 1954 Phoenix Open United States Ed Furgol Lost to birdie on first extra hole
13 1956 Texas International Open United States Gene Littler, Australia Peter Thomson Thomson won with birdie on second extra hole
14 1957 U.S. Open United States Dick Mayer Lost 18-hole playoff;
Mayer: +2 (72),
Middlecoff: +9 (79)

Sources:[4][8]

Other wins (1)[edit]

this list may be incomplete

Major championships[edit]

Wins (3)[edit]

Year Championship 54 holes Winning score Margin Runner(s)-up
1949 U.S. Open 1 shot lead +2 (75-67-69-75=286) 1 stroke United States Clayton Heafner, United States Sam Snead
1955 Masters Tournament 4 shot lead −9 (72-65-72-70=279) 7 strokes United States Ben Hogan
1956 U.S. Open (2) 1 shot lead +1 (71-70-70-70=281) 1 stroke United States Julius Boros, United States Ben Hogan

Results timeline[edit]

Tournament 1946 1947 1948 1949
Masters Tournament T12 LA T29 2 T23
U.S. Open CUT T21 1
The Open Championship
PGA Championship
Tournament 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
Masters Tournament T7 T12 11 T27 T9 1 3 CUT T6 2
U.S. Open T10 T24 T24 WD T11 T21 1 2 T27 T19
The Open Championship 14
PGA Championship QF R32 SF 2 T20 T8
Tournament 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
Masters Tournament CUT CUT T29 CUT CUT CUT WD CUT CUT WD
U.S. Open T43 CUT CUT CUT WD
The Open Championship
PGA Championship T29 T11 T15
Tournament 1970 1971
Masters Tournament CUT WD
U.S. Open
The Open Championship
PGA Championship
  Win
  Top 10
  Did not play

LA = Low amateur
CUT = missed the half-way cut
WD = withdrew
R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in PGA Championship match play
"T" = tied

Summary[edit]

Tournament Wins 2nd 3rd Top-5 Top-10 Top-25 Events Cuts made
Masters Tournament 1 2 1 4 7 11 26 14
U.S. Open 2 1 0 3 4 10 18 12
The Open Championship 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
PGA Championship 0 1 1 3 4 8 9 9
Totals 3 4 2 10 15 30 54 36
  • Most consecutive cuts made – 12 (1948 Masters – 1953 Masters)
  • Longest streak of top-10s – 3 (twice)

U.S. national team appearances[edit]

Professional

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UPI Almanac for Sunday, Jan. 6, 2019". United Press International. January 6, 2019. Archived from the original on September 11, 2019. Retrieved September 10, 2019. golf Hall of Fame member Cary Middlecoff in 1921
  2. ^ "Twelve Names in U.S. Walker Cup Selection". Glasgow Herald. January 13, 1947. p. 2.
  3. ^ "U.S. Walker Cup Team Change". Glasgow Herald. January 20, 1947. p. 2.
  4. ^ a b "All-Time Records - Top 50 All-Time PGA Tour Winners". PGA TOUR 2007 Guide. PGA Tour. 2006. pp. 6–12.
  5. ^ "U.S. Ryder Cup side named". The Bulletin. July 30, 1957. p. 10. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
  6. ^ Sommers, Robert (1996). The U.S. Open: Golf's Ultimate Challenge (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195100495.
  7. ^ a b Litsky, Frank (September 3, 1998). "Cary Middlecoff, 77, Dentist Who Became Top Pro Golfer". The New York Times.
  8. ^ Barkow, Al (November 1989). The History of the PGA TOUR. Copyright PGA Tour. Doubleday. p. 265. ISBN 0-385-26145-4.

External links[edit]