Carya floridana

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Scrub hickory
Scrub Hickory Leaf ERD.JPG
Compound leaf of the scrub hickory
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Juglandaceae
Genus: Carya
Section: Carya sect. Carya
Species:
C. floridana
Binomial name
Carya floridana
Carya floridana range map 1.png
Natural range of Carya floridana

Carya floridana (syn. Hicoria floridana) the scrub hickory, is a tree native to the southeastern United States, where it is endemic in central Florida.

Although it can grow to the height of 25 meters, many specimens are seen as shrubs 3–5 m tall with many small trunks. The leaves are 20–30 cm long, pinnate, with three to seven leaflets, each leaflet 4–10 cm long and 2–4 cm broad, with a coarsely toothed margin. The fruit is a nut 3–4 cm long and 2-2.5 cm diameter, with a thick, hard shell and a sweet, edible seed.

It is geographically separated from the similar black hickory (Carya texana). The scrub hickory intergrades with the pignut hickory (Carya glabra) where ranges overlap.

The seeds require stratification to germinate.

Genetics[edit]

Scrub hickory is a 64 chromosome species.[1]

References and external links[edit]

  1. ^ Grauke, L. J. "Hickories, C. Floridana".