Carya texana

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Black hickory
Carya texana BB-1913.png
1913 illustration[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Juglandaceae
Genus: Carya
Section: Carya sect. Carya
C. texana
Binomial name
Carya texana
Buckley (1861)
Carya texana range map 1.png
Natural range of Carya texana

Carya texana, the black hickory, is a North American tree in the walnut family. It is endemic to the United States, found primarily in the southern Great Plains and the Lower Mississippi Valley.[3][4]

Carya texana is an endangered species in southwestern Indiana.[3]

Carya texana is a tree growing to 41 metres (135 ft) in height. The leaves usually have a dense coating of scales, imparting rusty brown color. They are pinnately compound usually with 7 leaflets but sometimes 5 or 9. The fruits (nuts) are bronze to reddish brown, the seeds sweet and edible.[5]


Black hickory is a 64 chromosome species that readily hybridizes with tetraploid C. tomentosa.[6] Hybrids with 32 chromosome species may also occur.


  1. ^ Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 584.
  2. ^ The Plant List, Carya texana Buckley
  3. ^ a b United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile for Carya texana (black hickory)
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  5. ^ *Flora of North America: Carya texana — description, commentary, link to distribution map
  6. ^ Grauke, L. J. "Black Hickory, C. Texana".

External links[edit]