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Carybdea marsupialis.jpg
Carybdea marsupialis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Cubozoa
Order: Carybdeida
Family: Carybdeidae
Gegenbaur, 1857[2]
Genus: Carybdea
Péron & Lesueur, 1810[1]

See text

Carybdea is the only genus of venomous box jellyfish in the family Carybdeidae.


Former genera of Carybdeidae[edit]

As of August 2013, the following genera previously classified in this family have been reassigned to the family Carukiidae:[11]

Manokia was also reassigned to the family Alatinidae,[12] and Tripedalia Conant, 1897 was reassigned to the family Tripedaliidae.[13]


  1. ^ Péron F. & Lesueur C. (1810). Tableau des caractères génériques et spécifiques de toutes les espèces de méduses connues jusqu'à ce jour. Annales du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, 14, 325–366.
  2. ^ Gegenbaur, C. (1856) Versuch eines Systemes der Medusen, mit Beschreibung neuer oder wenig gekannter Formen; zugleich ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Fauna des Mittelmeeres. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie, Leipzig, 8, 202–273.
  3. ^ Maas, O. (1897). Die Medusen. Reports on an Exploration off the West Coasts of Mexico, Central and South America, and off the Galapagos Islands, in Charge of Alexander Adassiz, by the U. S. Fish Commission Steamer “Albatross,” During 1891, Lieut. Commander Z. L. Tanner, U. S. N., Commanding, 21.
  4. ^ Gershwin, L. & Gibbons, M. (2009). Carybdea branchi, sp. nov., a new box jellyfish (Cnidaria: Cubozoa) from South Africa. Zootaxa, 2088, 41–50.
  5. ^ Kishinōye, K. (1891). Zwei neue Medusen von Charybdea (Ch. brevipedalia n. sp., Ch. latigenitalia n. sp.). Dobutsugaku Zasshi, 3, 437–440.
  6. ^ Straehler-Pohl, I., Matsumoto, G. & Acevedo, M. (2017). Recogntiion of the Californian cubozoan population as a new species–Carybdea confusa n. sp. (Cnidaria, Cubozoa, Carybdeida). Plankton and Benthos Research, 12(2), 129–138.
  7. ^ Linnæi, C. (1758). Systema Naturæ pre Regna Tria Naturæ, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Holmiæ: Laurentii Salvii.
  8. ^ Haeckel, E. (1880). System der Acraspeden. Zweite Hälfte des Systems der Medusen. Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena, 1(2), 361–672.
  9. ^ Haacke, W. (1886). Über die Ontogenie der Cubomedusen. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 9, 554–555.
  10. ^ Conant, F. S. (1897). Notes on the Cubomedusae. Johns Hopkins University Circulars, 132, 8–10.
  11. ^ accessed 6 August 2013
  12. ^ accessed 6 August 2013
  13. ^ accessed 6 August 2013