CasaPound

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CasaPound Italy
CasaPound Italia
President Gianluca Iannone
Secretary Simone Di Stefano
Founded 26 December 2003 (2003-12-26)[1]
Headquarters Via Napoleone III n. 8, Rome
Newspaper Il Primato Nazionale
Youth wing Blocco Studentesco
Membership (2017) 6,000[2][3]
Ideology Neo-fascism[4][5]
Ultranationalism[6]
Hard Euroscepticism
Souverainism[7][8]
Anti-immigration[9]
Anti-capitalism[10]
Anti-Zionism[11]
Political position Far-right[12][13][14][15]
Colors      Black      Red
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
Senate
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Party flag
Flag CasaPound.png
Website
casapounditalia.org

CasaPound Italy (Italian: CasaPound Italia, CPI; "House of Pound") is a neo-fascist political party in Italy born as a political movement arising from the squatting of a state-owned building in the neighbourhood of Esquilino in Rome on 26 December 2003.

Subsequently, the phenomenon spread with other instances of squatting, demonstrations, and various initiatives, becoming a political movement.

In June 2008, CasaPound therefore constituted an "association of social promotion" and assumed the current name CasaPound Italy – CPI; the party's symbol is the "Arrowed Turtle".[16]

History[edit]

The first illegal occupation made using the name CasaPound was on 26 December 2003 in Rome, by a group of young people referring to the ONC/OSA area (acronym for "Non-Compliant Occupations and Occupations with a Housing Purpose"), and coming from previous experience of CasaMontag at the gates of Rome. The building, a former government building in via Napoleone III, later became the national headquarters of the movement and the association. In 2010, 23 families and a total of 82 people lived in CasaPound.[17]

Previously, CasaPound was associated with Tricolour Flame until 2008[18] but now has its own movement, CasaPound Italy, extending all over Italy with many social centres. While CPI does not recognize the classic definitions of right and left,[19] it is commonly placed in the view of the political groups and movements of the Italian radical right. Casapound is generally self-defined by its followers Third Position, however.[20]

In 2011 it was estimated that CasaPound Italy had 5,000 members, while in 2017 they reached 6,000.[21]

On 13 November 2017, Simone Di Stefano was elected secretary and Prime Minister candidate for the 2018 general election.[22]

Ideology[edit]

One feature of this movement, according to sociologist Emanuele Toscano, is to present a different interpretation of fascism aimed at overcoming the dichotomy of right-left.[23] The political position of CasaPound is based on the fascist Third Position, definited as "extreme-upper-centre" by the movement itself.[24]

The name, inspired by the poet Ezra Pound, refers to his Cantos against usury, criticisms of the economic positions of both capitalism and Marxism, and his membership of the Italian Social Republic. It also gives particular attention to the Manifesto of Verona, the Labour Charter of 1927 and social legislation of fascism.[25] There has been collaboration with the identitarian movement which propagates a white, Christian Europe.[26] The movement also claim the legacy of far-left figures, like Che Guevara[27] and Hugo Chávez.[28]

On social and domestic issues, CasaPound has a strong anti-immigration rhetoric,[29] but lack of homogeneity on other themes. In January 2016, many members of the movement participated in the Family Day, supporting the traditional family idea.[30][31] In 2017, the establishment of CasaPound expressed support to the same-sex marriage, advance directive and improvement of the welfare state.[32][33] The party supports abortion rights.[34] Many activists of the movement also expressed antisemitic and xenophobic rhetoric,[35] but CasaPound refuses both and expels members who support these ideas.[36]

On foreign policy, CasaPound is critical of the European Union, instead supporting a communitarian-nationalist Europe.[37][38] The Movement is both anti-American[39][40] and anti-Zionist.[41] The movement also started a cooperation with the Lebanese anti-imperialist, anti-Zionist Hezbollah organization.[42]

Activities[edit]

CasaPound rally in Naples.

The social centre has its own musical band, Zetazeroalfa, an association of civil protection and promotes sports (hiking, parachuting, diving and other disciplines), union activities, and recreational activities, including a theater company, web radio, web television and a monthly magazine.

CasaPound has promoted initiatives outside the Italian territory through its non-profit organization Solidarité Identités.[43] The activities of the movement have been the subject of attention by some foreign media.[44][45][46]

From the period of activity of the first social centre then were organized and cultural meetings with several guests, including writer Nicolai Lilin,[47] the LGBT deputy Paola Concia,[48] an ex-Red Brigades Valerio Morucci,[49] and the Chinese community.[50]

The main CasaPound political proposal is the so-called Mutuo Sociale (Social Mortgage),[51] as a response to the problem of housing which, according to official data, involving approximately 23,000 households throughout Italy. In October 2011, the Lazio Region officially approved it within its "House Plan".[52]

Starting with the 2011 elections CasaPound presented their candidates in local elections in civic lists or centre-right and succeeded in electing its representatives.[53] At regional and national elections of 2013 CasaPound Italy announced that it will present its civic lists throughout Italy.

Youth wing[edit]

Logo of Blocco Studentesco, the youth wing of CasaPound.

In 2006, the movement that arose around the first community centre was endowed with its student organization, under the name Students' Block (Italian: Blocco Studentesco).[54] Francesco Polacchi is the General Secretary of Students' Block.

Their logo resembles that of the British Union of Fascists.

Questions have been submitted by parliamentarians of the Democratic Party about fascist propaganda and the violence of the student movement.[55]

International meetings[edit]

Over the years the leaders of CasaPound Italy have been invited to explain its “political model” in many of the major European capitals (Paris, Madrid, London, Lisbon, Brussels)[56] and the organization has been the subject of some reports by foreign media.[44][45]

In 2011 the Finnish Resistance Movement also invited members of CasaPound to a seminar in Helsinki.[57] This shows an ability of the European nationalists to organize beyond ideological differences. The Finnish Resistance Movement represents national socialism.[58] The Finnish Security Intelligence Service researched the connections of the Finnish Resistance Movement to CasaPound after the 2011 Florence shootings.[59]

Symbolic figures[edit]

The party's choice of American poet Ezra Pound as a symbol of the movement has caused controversy with his daughter, Mary de Rachewiltz, who claimed it distorts the meaning of Pound's work and represents a "misappropriation" of his image,[60] despite Pound's stated support for fascism.

Electoral results[edit]

Italian Parliament[edit]

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2013 47,691 (#20) 0.14
0 / 630
Gianluca Iannone
2018 312,432 (#10) 0.95
0 / 630
Simone Di Stefano
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2013 40,540 (#20) 0.13
0 / 315
Gianluca Iannone
2018 259,718 (#10) 0.86
0 / 315
Simone Di Stefano

Regional Councils[edit]

Region Latest election # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
Umbria 2015 2,343 0.66
0 / 20
Lazio 2018 42,609 1.68
0 / 50
Molise 2018 477 0.33
0 / 21

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Giuseppe Parente (December 26, 2016). "26 Dicembre 2003: Nel Cuore Di Roma Nasce CasaPound". FascinAzione. 
  2. ^ "CasaPound: quasi seimila iscritti in 48 ore, risultato da record per la festa del tesseramento". CasaPound Italia. January 16, 2017. 
  3. ^ . RECONQUISTA. February 17, 2016 http://reconquista-europe.tumblr.com/post/139489377601/interview-with-sebastien-casapound-italia.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Una Nazione" (PDF). CasaPound. 2013. 
  5. ^ Pietro Castelli Gattinara; Caterina Froio; Matteo Albanese (2013). The appeal of neo-fascism in times of crisis. The experience of CasaPound Italia (PDF). . Journal of Comparative Fascist Studies. 
  6. ^ "Reggio Emilia - Contro ogni nazionalismo, per un'Europa di diritti e dignità - Global Project". 
  7. ^ Katia Bonchi (September 14, 2017). "Estrema destra, parlano i militanti della Superba: "Neofascisti? Termine riduttivo, siamo sovranisti e guardiamo al futuro"". Genova24. 
  8. ^ Antonio Rapisarda (June 14, 2017). "I movimenti di Ultradestra provano a rifarsi il look come "sovranisti" (E qualcuno li vota...)". Dagospia. 
  9. ^ http://www.casapoundlombardia.org/index.php/en/128-immigrazione/413-sul-fronte-dell-essere-le-proposte-di-casapound-sull-immigrazione
  10. ^ Jean-Yves Camus; Nicolas Lebourg. Les Droites extrêmes en Europe (in French). 
  11. ^ "«Saremo pure antisionisti ma non spediamo teste di maiale»" (in Italian). Il Tempo. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2018. 
  12. ^ Italy's far-right makes inroads locally as nation frets about fascism
  13. ^ Far-right CasaPound activists attacked
  14. ^ Far-right CasaPound activist attacked in Livorno
  15. ^ Anti-fascists bomb far-right party headquarters as tensions rise after Italy election
  16. ^ CasaPound – Il Simbolo
  17. ^ (in Italian) Mario Bernardi Guardi, "Sono fascisti i ragazzi di Casa Pound e del Blocco Studentesco? È da qualche anno che politici, giornalisti, sociologi si pongono la domanda ed è da qualche anno che non riescono a dare e a darsi una risposta convincente," Il Tempo (22/10/2010). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  18. ^ "CasaPound Italia - La storia" (in Italian). Retrieved 2017-11-12. 
  19. ^ (in Italian) "Manifesto dell’Estremocentroalto" (18 October 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  20. ^ ""Basta con destra e sinistra Meglio etica, epica ed estetica"". ilGiornale.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2018-03-03.  line feed character in |title= at position 34 (help)
  21. ^ Tom Kington, "Italy's fascists stay true to Mussolini's ideology,"The Guardian (6 November 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  22. ^ Simone Di Stefano diventa segretario
  23. ^ Emanuele Toscano & Daniele Di Nunzio "Can We Still Speak about Extreme Right Movements? Casapound in Italy between Community and Subjectivation Drives," XVII World Congress of Sociology (14 July 2010). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  24. ^ ""Basta con destra e sinistra Meglio etica, epica ed estetica"". il Giornale. April 10, 2009. 
  25. ^ Paolo Berizzi (June 21, 2017). "Saluti romani e un tocco di glamour ecco la nuova strategia di CasaPound". la Repubblica. 
  26. ^ Eleonora Vio, "Arrivano i Nazi-Pop", dagospia.com, 07/26/2016.
  27. ^ Angela Gennaro (October 17, 2017). "Casapound, è la volta di Porro. Scontro su Che Guevara: "Per voi è un modello, ma a me ha rotto le palle per tutta l'infanzia"". il Fatto Quotidiano. 
  28. ^ ""Patria, socialismo o muerte". Casa Pound ricorda Chavez: striscioni in 50 città". Blitz. March 11, 2013. 
  29. ^ Tom Kington (November 6, 2011). "Italy's fascists stay true to Mussolini's ideology". The Guardian. 
  30. ^ "Di Stefano: "CasaPound sarà al Family Day, la bandiera arcobaleno si sconfigge col tricolore"". Primato Nazionale. January 26, 2016. 
  31. ^ Alessandro Trocino (January 26, 2016). "Al Family day anche Casa Pound. Gli organizzatori: non li vogliamo". Corriere della Sera. 
  32. ^ Alessandro Capriccioli (February 8, 2012). "Roma, Casapound spiazza tutti". l'Espresso. 
  33. ^ Marco Zonetti (October 26, 2017). "M5s già vecchio: CasaPound è la novità che aspira a entrare in Parlamento". Affari Italiani.it. 
  34. ^ "A Field Guide to the Italian New Right". Jacobite. 
  35. ^ Jamie Bartlett; Jonathan Birdwell; Caterina Froio (2012). Populism in Europe: CasaPound (PDF). Demos. 
  36. ^ "CasaPound mette alla porta i militanti che non rifiutano antisemitismo e razzismo". FascinAzione. January 24, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Casapound, l'intervista a Gianluca Iannone: "Il nostro nemico comune è questa Unione Europea"". Libero. October 21, 2014. 
  38. ^ Daniele Di Nunzio; Emanuele Toscano (2011). Dentro e fuori CasaPound: capire il fascismo del terzo millennio. Armando Editore. 
  39. ^ Antonella Grippo; Giovanni Fasanella (2009). L'orda nera. Bur. 
  40. ^ Luca Facchini; Alberto Gianera (July 2, 2011). "Una nuova destra, giovane e confusa". QuestoTrentino. 
  41. ^ ""Saremo pure antisionisti ma non spediamo teste di maiale"". Il Tempo. January 29, 2014. 
  42. ^ Corrado Zunino (September 20, 2015). "Roma, la strana coppia Hezbollah-Casapound insieme al convegno". la Repubblica. 
  43. ^ http://www.solidarite-identites.org/
  44. ^ a b (in German) Giulia Basile, "Mussolinis Enkel. "Casa Pounds" rechte Jugendzentren in Italien," 3sat.de (07.03.2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  45. ^ a b "Italian far right get boost amidst country's economic troubles," RT (March 07, 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  46. ^ "Муссолини вместо Берлускони?". Радио Свобода. 
  47. ^ (in Italian) Spadaccino Maria Rosaria, "Nicolai Lilin: «Andare a CasaPound è un dovere»," Corriere della Sera (10 September 2009). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  48. ^ "++ Carabinieri e Gdf a Roma negli uffici della Consip ++ – L'altroquotidiano.it". www.altroquotidiano.it. 
  49. ^ (in Italian) "Morucci a Casapound: folla lo applaude, nemici ma senza discriminazione," L'Unita (6 February 2009). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  50. ^ (in Italian) Ilaria Misantoni, "CasaPound incontra la comunità cinese," (20 December 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  51. ^ (in Italian) Mutuo Sociale
  52. ^ http://www.regione.lazio.it/consiglioweb/dettaglio_comunicati.php?vms=172&vmf=&id=2165[dead link]
  53. ^ (in Italian) " Amministrative: CasaPound, Cinque Consiglieri Eletti," agenparl.it (19 May 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  54. ^ "Casa Pound and the new radical right in Italy". libcom.org. 
  55. ^ (in Italian) Giuseppe Berretta, "Interrogazione Parlamentare PD contro il Blocco Studentesco" (21 April 2010).
  56. ^ (in Italian) "CasaPound Italia: in 1.500 alla festa nazionale" (21 September 2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  57. ^ "City of Helsinki rented space to neo-Nazi group," YLE News (31.10.2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  58. ^ (in Finnish) Mikael Brunila, "Ei ole yhtä äärioikeistoa - keitä Suomen vastarintaliike kutsui Helsinkiin?," Suomen Kuvalehti (21.10.2011; uptaded: 29.11.2013). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  59. ^ "Supo looks into possible Finnish connection to Florence shooter," YLE (15.12.2011). Retrieved 14-12-2013.
  60. ^ Tom Kingtom, "Ezra Pound's daughter fights to wrest the renegade poet's legacy from fascists," The Observer (14 January 2012). Retrieved 14-12-2013.

External links[edit]