House of the Free Press
|House of the Free Press|
Casa Presei Libere
|Former names||Casa Scînteii|
|Architectural style||Stalinist architecture|
|Town or city||Bucharest|
|Height||104 m (341 ft)|
|Floor area||32,000 m2 (344,445 sq ft)|
|Design and construction|
A horse race track was built in 1905 on the future site of the House of the Free Press. A third of the track was removed in 1950 to make way for a wing of the building, and the race track was finally closed and demolished in 1960, after a decision by Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej.
Construction began in 1952 and was completed in 1956. The building was named Combinatul Poligrafic Casa Scînteii "I.V.Stalin" and later Casa Scînteii (Scînteia was the name of the Romanian Communist Party's official newspaper). It was designed by the architect Horia Maicu, in the Stalinist style of Socialist realism, resembling the main building of the Moscow State University, and was intended to house all of Bucharest's printing presses, the newsrooms and their staff.
It has a foundation with an area of 280x260m, the total constructed surface is 32,000 m2 (344,445 sq ft) and it has a volume of 735,000 m³. Its height is 91.6 m (301 ft) without the television antenna, which measures an additional 12.4 m (41 ft), bringing the total height to 104 m (341 ft).
Between 1952 and 1966, Casa Scînteii was featured on the reverse of the 100 lei banknote.
On 21 April 1960, a statue of Vladimir Lenin, made by Romanian sculptor Boris Caragea, was placed in front of the building. However, this statue was removed on 3 March 1990, following the Romanian Revolution of 1989. On 30 May 2016, the Monument of the Anti-Communist Fight ("Wings") was inaugurated in the same place.
Renamed Casa Presei Libere ("House of the Free Press"), the building has basically the same role nowadays, with many of today's newspapers having their headquarters in it. The Bucharest Stock Exchange (Bursa de Valori București, BVB) was located in the Southern wing at one point.
- Socialist realism in Romania
- Seven Sisters (Moscow)
- Palace of Culture and Science, Warsaw
- Latvian Academy of Sciences
- "Povestea unei lumi dispărute: cursele de cai din România" Archived October 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Evenimentul Zilei, October 21, 2008
- Dicţionarul Enciclopedic Romîn, 1962
- "Epilog la o statuie", România Liberă, 4 March 1990.
- Media related to House of the Free Press at Wikimedia Commons