|Length||453 km (281 mi)|
|Existed||2000 – present|
|History||Completed on 21 June 2010|
|Roads of Morocco|
The expressway takes its origins south of the residential area of Casablanca, at the interchange with the A1 Rabat–Safi expressway. It continues south past Bouskoura and serves the Mohamed V airport with an exit. A toll station is placed just south of there. The road then circumvales the town of Berrechid serving it with an exit north of it for south-bound traffic and one south of it for north-bound traffic.
The road was opened in 2002 to Settat, and construction on the remaining part started in 2003 reaching Marrakesh in 2007. In 2005 the 17 km bypass of Settat opened. When the Marrakech–Agadir expressway opened in 2009 it was directly connected to this A3.
The Casablanca–Marrakesh highway was completed and opened to traffic on April 17, 2007.
In June 2004 the Moroccan operator of expressways ADM signed an agreement with the Hasan II Society for economic and social development for a refinancing scheme of the ADM. This financial injection made construction of new roads possible and construction started in 2006.
Beside the ADM several other parties are involved. Some major investors participate for specific sections of the road or a general goal.
- BID - Islamic Bank for Development - 965 MDH
- FADES -Arab Fund for social and economic development - 920
- FKDEA- Kuwait Fund for Arab and Economic Development - 450
- BAD - African Bank for Development - 1315
- JBIC- Japan Bank for International Cooperation - 1370
Below is a short overview of the different sub-projects, the costs (against the estimated costs) and the main contractors for that section. For some sections, only contractors for initial work are reported.
|#||from||via||to||length||real and (est cost)
in M Dh
|33 km||583 (783)||El Hajji
The Arab Contractors
|2||Marr. West Interchg.||-||Chichaoua||51 km||810 (1060)||Burhan||Kuwait|
|3||Chichaoua||–||Imintanout||33 km||753 (975)||SEPROB
|4||Imintanout||PK13||Argana||59 km||2125 (2644)||TECNOVIA
|5||Argana||PK 20||Ameskroud||46 km||1754 (2132)||DOGUS||Turkey|
|6||Ameskroud||-||Agadir||11 km||287 (293)||Planum
Work is divided in several main sections, each with their own contractors and workers. Construction of a 4-lane motorway through the mountains of the High Atlas requires much structures as fly-overs, viaducts and bridges. The existing national road (route nationale) is used for transport of building material etc. Along this route new exits and side roads are constructed to several main working locations and temporary factories (concrete, storage, camp-sites for builders, etc.).
The new road crosses the existing road several times and follows more or less the same route through the mountains.
Over the full length the new autoroute will have:
- two standard traffic lanes in each direction, each 3.5 meters wide with a central separation zone of at least 3 meters
- one emergency lane / hard shoulder in each direction of 1.5 meters wide
The road has 8 exits/entries, 9 toll-port gates and 4 rest stops with petrol stations, cafés and a room or building for praying. Also 13 viaducts and one tunnel was built to complete the road (excluding viaducts built over the road and/or tunnels under the road for crossing inferior local roads or feet-bridges: if you include these another 100 structures can be included.
As (nearly) all Moroccan expressways this new section is also a toll road.
The existing national road will remain open as a toll-free alternative for the autoroute as well as allowing access to smaller villages and roads. Travelling time between Marrakesh and Agadir will be reduced greatly as the autoroute allows overtaking everywhere (4 lane), bypasses villages and allows higher speeds. Possible speed on 2-lane national roads is often greatly reduced due to very slow lorries crawling up a hill while steep bends and traffic from the other side make overtaking hazardous or impossible.
The completion of the Marrakesh–Agadir section complete a north-south corridor of toll-roads / expressways that shortens the travel-distance on the route Tangier to Agadir by nearly 50 km (via toll-roads the distance is 776 and via the Route Nationale 824 km. But the biggest save is driving-time: the average travelling time Tangier–Agadir over national (free) roads is 14.5 hours while the same via the different toll-roads is under 7.5 hours
Sources and footnotes
- Press-release Inauguration new Agadir-Marrakesh road Archived 2011-06-22 at the Wayback Machine., visited 25 June 2010
- ADM's PDF publication: 2007 in figures Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine., visited 23 August 2008
- Important dates Archived March 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. on ADM website, visited 23 August 2008
- Opening of completed road by king Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine.
- Main financial figures Archived 2010-04-13 at the Wayback Machine. on ADM's website, visited 23 August 2008
- Details from Project page Archived 2008-08-01 at the Wayback Machine. on ADM site
- Article on Made in Morocco site Archived May 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Source: Information for the press regarding Agadir-Marrakesh Archived 2010-07-04 at the Wayback Machine. published by the ADM, downloaded 25 June 2010.
- Information from ADM site on Marakech-Agadir project Archived 2008-09-16 at the Wayback Machine.