Cascade Investment

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Cascade Investment, L.L.C.
Founded1995; 26 years ago (1995)
FounderBill Gates
United States
Key people
Bill Gates (Chairman)
Michael Larson (CIO)
Total assetsUS$70 billion (2021)
OwnerBill Gates
Number of employees
  • Front Range Investment Holdings LLC
  • Cottonwood Management LLC
  • Lakeland Sands Florida, LLC

Cascade Investment, L.L.C. is an American holding company and private investment firm headquartered in Kirkland, Washington, United States. It is controlled by Bill Gates, and managed by Michael Larson.[2] More than half of Gates' fortune is held in assets outside his holding of Microsoft shares.[3] Cascade is the successor company to Dominion Income Management, the former investment vehicle for Gates' holdings, which was managed by convicted felon Andrew Evans.[4]

Larson controls Bill and Melinda Gates Investments as Chief Investment Officer, and as such manages Gates' personal wealth through Cascade, "as well as handling the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Trust endowment."[5] Cascade "does not like to call itself" a family office and Bill and Melinda Gates Investments "does not label itself as a family office."[5] Larson accrued over the twenty years from 1995 an 11% compound annual return,[5] and as of 2014 had 100 employees working under his direction.[1]

With 269,000 acres of farmland (which has been historically countercyclical to the stock market) being held through a wide network of shell companies, Cascade Investment is the largest farmland owner in the United States.[6]

Notable investments[edit]

Company Ticker Sector Ownership %
Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts Private Hospitality 47%[5][7]
Ecolab NYSEECL Conglomerate 25%[8]
Canadian National Railway Rail transport 14.2%[9]
FEMSA Beverage and Retail [5]
Berkshire Hathaway Conglomerate 4%[5]
Strategic Hotels & Resorts Private Hospitality 9.8%[5][10]
Republic Services NYSERSG Waste management 34.1%[11]
Deere & Company NYSEDE Agricultural, construction, forestry, outdoor power and turf maintenance equipment. OEM diesel and natural gas engine manufacturer. 10.06%[12]
Bunzl LSEBNZL Distribution and Outsourcing 6%[5]
Carpetright Private Retail 3%[5]
Diageo Beverages 1.56%[13]
AutoNation NYSEAN Car dealership 14%[2][14][15]
Microsoft NasdaqMSFT Software and Hardware conglomerate 3.6%[2]
Beyond Meat NasdaqBYND Food [2][16]
Ritz-Carlton in San Francisco Private Hospitality [1]
TerraPower Private Nuclear power [2]
Transformco Private Retail and real estate Debt interest[17]
Vroom NasdaqVRM Car dealership [18]
StorageMart Private Self-storage [19]


  1. ^ a b c Bort, Julie (September 20, 2014). "Meet Bill Gates' Investment Manager". Slate. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e Das, Anupreeta; Karmin, Craig (September 19, 2014). "This Man's Job: Make Bill Gates Richer". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  3. ^ Miller, Matthew (March 5, 2008). "Gates No Longer World's Richest Man". Forbes. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  4. ^ Torres, Craig (March 7, 1993). "Convicted Felons Handle Gates Fortune". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i Warwick-Ching, Lucy (October 21, 2015). "Cascade Investment, Bill Gates' wealth manager". Financial Times. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  6. ^ "Bill Gates uses farmland as an investment outlet buying up potato, carrot and onion farms".
  7. ^ "Four Seasons Hotels agrees to bid from Gates and Alwaleed". The New York Times. February 12, 2007. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  8. ^ Stych, Ed (May 7, 2012). "Bill Gates' stake in Ecolab could get bigger". American City Business Journals. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  9. ^ "Canadian National Railway Company | SC 13G". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. December 31, 2019. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  10. ^ Gallun, Alby (August 10, 2015). "Could Bill Gates be the next owner of Strategic Hotels?". Crain's Chicago Business. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  11. ^ "Republic Services, Inc. | DEF 14A". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. March 24, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  12. ^ "Deere & Company | DEF 14A". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. January 8, 2021. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  13. ^ "See how @DiageoGB scores on #water stewardship in face of #climatechange in new @Ceresnews analysis". Feeding Ourselves Thirsty. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  14. ^ Bort, Julie (Mar 20, 2019). "Bill Gates is $9.5 billion richer than he was a year ago, worth over $100 billion, but not just from Microsoft". Business Insider. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  15. ^ "Cascade Investment – Portfolio Holdings". Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  16. ^ Gunther, Marc (October 3, 2013). "The Bill Gates-backed company that's reinventing meat". Fortune. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  17. ^ Zumbach, Lauren (June 4, 2018). "Sears gets more time to repay lenders, including funds tied to CEO Edward Lampert and Bill Gates". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  18. ^ "Vroom, Inc. | S-1". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. May 18, 2020. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  19. ^ Herald, C. R. E. (October 14, 2020). "Bill Gates' Cascade Investment, GIC buy stakes in StorageMart". CRE Herald. Retrieved April 3, 2021.

External links[edit]