Cascaded Arc Plasma Source
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The cascaded arc source, developed at the Eindhoven University of Technology, is shown in the figure below. Compared to plasma sources in other linear plasma generators, this source can produce high-density argon and hydrogen plasmas (respectively 1021 – 1024 and 1019 – 1022 m−3) at a relatively low electron temperature (~1 eV). Due to the high collision frequency of the particles in the source, the plasma is in thermal equilibrium and reasonably homogeneous.
The cascaded arc consists of a gas inlet, three tungsten cathodes, cascaded plates, a nozzle and an anode. Via the gas inlet, the working gas -argon or hydrogen- can flow into the cathode chamber. The source is typically running at 0.5–3.0 slm (×1020 – 2.2×1020 particles per second) and a discharge current of 100–300 A. The cascaded plates in between the cathode and anode are electrically insulated from each other by 1 mm thick 1.3Boron nitride plates. The voltage of these plates is the floating potential. Both nozzle and anode are grounded.
- A Glow Discharge Unit
- HIGH BRIGHTNESS H- SURFACE PLASMA SOURCES
- H- production in pure hydrogen discharges of surface-plasma sources