Cashew of Pirangi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
View of the world's largest cashew tree.
View from intersecting road Rota do Sol (en: Route of the Sun).
View of the interior with individuals for size comparison.

The Cashew of Pirangi (Cajueiro de Pirangi), also called the world's largest cashew tree (maior cajueiro do mundo), is a cashew tree in Pirangi do Norte, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.[1] In 1994, the tree entered the Guinness Book of Records.[1] It covers an area between 7,300 square metres (1.8 acres)[2] and 8,400 square metres (2.1 acres).[3] Having the size of 70 normally sized cashew trees,[3][4] it has a circumference of 500 m (1,600 ft).[4] The vicinity of the World's Largest Cashew Tree in North Pirangi is also a main place for the sale of lace and embroidery in Rio Grande do Norte state.[5]

The spread over a hectare of land was, unlike other trees, created by the tree's outward growth. When bent towards the ground (because of their weight), the branches tend to take new roots where they touch the ground.[6][7] This may be seen in the images of the interior. It is now difficult to distinguish the initial trunk from the rest of the tree.[8]

The tree is said to have been planted in 1888.[1] However, based on its growth characteristics, "the tree is estimated to be more than a thousand years old."[6] The tree produces over 60,000 fruits each year.[9][10]

Flávio Nogueira, Jr., the state secretary of tourism for Piauí, has claimed that another cashew tree in the municipality of Cajueiro da Praia in Piauí is, in fact, the largest tree, covering an area of 8,800 square metres (2.2 acres). That tree was studied by a laboratory from the State University of Piauí.[11]


  1. ^ a b c "Natal Tourist Attractions: Sightseeing and Attractions in Natal Area, Brazil", World-Guides.
  2. ^ Box, Ben (2003). South American handbook, Volume 80, p.512. ISBN 978-1-903471-70-8.
  3. ^ a b M. Angela A. Meireles (2008). Extracting Bioactive Compounds for Food Products: Theory and Applications, p.332. ISBN 978-1-4200-6237-3.
  4. ^ a b Margaret Kelly, ed. (2008). Fodor's Brazil, p.453. ISBN 978-1-4000-1966-3.
  5. ^ Various authors. Artes e rituais do fazer, do servir e do comer: No Rio Grande do Norte (Art and Ritual of Making and Serving Food: In Rio Grande do Norte), p.44. ISBN 978-85-7458-251-1. (in Portuguese)
  6. ^ a b Clay, Jason W. (2004). World agriculture and the environment: a commodity-by-commodity guide to impacts and practices, p.264. ISBN 978-1-55963-370-3. Cites Morton, Julia. (1987). "Cashew Apple", Farofa of Warm Climates, p.239-249. Miami, FL. Creative Resource Systems, Inc.
  7. ^ "Maior cajueiro do mundo Archived 2011-10-24 at the Wayback Machine",
  8. ^ Felippe, Gil (2004). Frutas: sabor à primeira dentada (Fruit: Taste the First Bite), p.48. ISBN 978-85-7359-421-8. (in Portuguese)
  9. ^ Let's Go, Inc. (2003). Let's Go Brazil, p.6. ISBN 978-0-312-32004-1.
  10. ^ Waggoner, John. Northeastern Brazil : The Dende Coast, Chapada Diamantina, the Marau Peninsula, the Cocoa Coast, Penambuco & Beyond. ISBN 978-1-58843-956-7. Same text & author: ISBN 978-1-58843-676-4.
  11. ^ Cidade Verde (2016-02-05). "Setur confirma cajueiro no Piauí como o maior do mundo com 8.800m²" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-08-21.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 5°58′43″S 35°07′24″W / 5.978657°S 35.123372°W / -5.978657; -35.123372