Casimiro Díaz

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For the player, see: Casimiro Diaz (baseball).

Fray Casimiro Díaz Toledano OSA (1693–1746) was a Spanish Augustinian friar who accompanied the first Spanish expedition to the Cordillera.

Díaz wrote Conquistas de las Islas Philipinas in 1718 (published in Valladolid in 1890).[1] He also wrote Parrocho (1745).[2] Casimiro Díaz reported, "The Igorots are a barbaric people."[3]

Life and work[edit]

Casimiro Díaz was born in Toledo, Spain in 1693. He took his vows in the convent of San Felipe el Real in 1710, and after arriving at the Philippines, he finished his literary studies. Díaz was stationed in the missions at Magalang (1717), later in Mexico (1728), 6 years later in Aráyat (1734), Betis (1735), Minalin (1737), and Candaba (1740). He was procurator-general (1719), twice provincial secretary (1722), definitor (1725), presiding officer of the chapter (1731), qualifier of the Holy Office, chronicler of the Augustinian province in the islands, reader (1744), and conventual preacher. Díaz died in Manila in 1746, having completed many writings.[4](p 152 and its footnote 2)


  1. ^ Diaz, Fr Casimiro (1890) [1698]. Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas (in Spanish). Valladolid: Imprenta de Luis N de Gaviria. OCLC 1701774. The second volume, compiled by Casimiro Díaz from the manuscript left by Gaspár de Agustín, was published in an expurgated form by Fr. Tirso López in the Revista agustiniana, nearly two centuries later, and also, independently, in Valladolid, 1890, with title: Conquistas de las islas Filipinas: Parte segunda que a beneficio de los materiales que dejó recopilados el m. r. p. Fr. Gaspár de San Agustín, autor de la primera parte, compuso el padre Fr. Casimiro Díaz ... Valladolid, L.N. de Gaviria, 1890. "Apéndice á la segunda parte de la historia de las conquistas de las islas Filipinas. Catálogo de las misiones de religiosos Agustinos calzados que pasaron á aquellas islas desde 1616 hasta 1694, tiempo que abraza la segunda parte de la mencionada historia, por el padre Fr. Casimiro Diaz." 
  2. ^ "Parrocho de indios instruido. Idea de vn perfecto pastor copiada de los SS. PP. y Concilio. Con la resolucion de las principales dudas que en la administracion de los sacramentos se ofrecen à cerca de los indios, etc."
  3. ^ "Who is an Igorot? - FEATURES (January 12, 1999)" (article), Alfred Dizon, Philippine Daily Inquirer, January 1999
  4. ^ Blair, Emma Helen & Robertson, James Alexander, eds. (1905). The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898. Volume 25 of 55 (1635–1636). Historical introduction and additional notes by Edward Gaylord Bourne; additional translations by Robert W. Haight. Cleveland, Ohio: Arthur H. Clark Company. ISBN 978-1153716390. OCLC 769945718. Explorations by early navigators, descriptions of the islands and their peoples, their history and records of the catholic missions, as related in contemporaneous books and manuscripts, showing the political, economic, commercial and religious conditions of those islands from their earliest relations with European nations to the close of the nineteenth century. 

External links[edit]

  • "The odyssey of Captain Arriola and his discovery of Marcus Island," webpage: FA-Arriola.