Casino Theatre (New York City)
The Casino Theatre was a Broadway theatre located at 1404 Broadway, at West 39th Street in New York City. Built in 1882, it was a leading presenter of mostly musicals and operettas until it closed in 1930.
The theatre was the first in New York to be lit entirely by electricity, popularized the chorus line and introduced white audiences to African-American shows. It originally seated approximately 875 people, however the theatre was enlarged and rebuilt in 1905 after a fire, and then seated 1,300. It hosted a number of long-running comic operas, operettas and musical comedies, including Erminie, Florodora, The Vagabond King and The Desert Song. It closed in 1930 and was demolished the same year.
The Casino Theatre, designed in Moorish Revival style by architects Francis Hatch Kimball and Thomas Wisedell, was the first theatre in New York to be lit entirely by electricity. It was built more than 15 blocks north of where the theatre district was then centered, 23rd Street. In 1890, New York's first roof garden was added to the theatre. It originally seated approximately 875 people, however the theatre was enlarged and rebuilt in 1905 after a fire in 1903. The redesigned Casino seated 1,300.
The theatre opened with productions by the McCaull Comic Opera Company. It was first managed by producer and composer Rudolph Aronson, and later by Canary & Lederer from 1894 to 1903, and from 1903 by the Shuberts. As the center of the Broadway theatre district moved uptown, north of 42nd Street, the Casino closed in 1930. It was demolished the same year, along with the nearby Knickerbocker Theatre, to make way for the expanding Garment District.
The Casino hosted a series of successful operettas and other musical theatre pieces in the 1880s and 1890s, including the extraordinarily successful Erminie. In 1891, it premiered Cavalleria Rusticana in America, and in 1894 it presented the first Broadway revue, The Passing Show. In 1898, it was host to the premiere of Clorindy, or The Origin of the Cake Walk, the first African-American musical to be presented before a white audience.
The theatre is perhaps best remembered, however, as having been the home of the 1900 production of the Edwardian musical comedy, Florodora. In that show, it became the first theatre in New York to feature a chorus line, the "Florodora Sextet". The sextet's original lineup included a number of ladies who would later achieve fame and fortune. The production "elevated the chorus girl into ... an attraction in its own right." Evelyn Nesbit was a chorus girl in the show in 1901. Over the decades, the theatre also became known for its free Christmas presentations for New York children.
Over the next decade, the theatre continued to present musicals and operettas, some of the most successful being A Chinese Honeymoon (1902), The Earl and the Girl (1905) and The Chocolate Soldier (1909). During World War I, it hosted transfers of several of the Princess Theatre musicals, among other musicals, such as The Blue Paradise (1915) and Sometime (1918). In the 1920s, the theatre was the home of several hit operettas, particularly The Vagabond King and The Desert Song. Although the Casino had led the move uptown by the Broadway theatre district, by 1930, most of the theatres had moved even further north, to the West 40s. The last performance was the opera Faust, in January 1930.
- 1882: The Queen's Lace Handkerchief
- 1883: The Beggar Student
- 1884: Nell Gwynne
- 1885: Die Fledermaus
- 1886: Erminie
- 1888: The Yeomen of the Guard
- 1891: Cavalleria Rusticana
- 1894: The Passing Show
- 1895: The Wizard of the Nile
- 1896: In Gay New York
- 1897: The Belle of New York
- 1898: Clorindy, or The Origin of the Cake Walk
- 1900: Florodora
- 1900: The Casino Girl
- 1901: The Little Duchess
- 1902: A Chinese Honeymoon
- 1903: The Runaways
- 1905: The Earl and the Girl
- 1909: Havana
- 1909: The Chocolate Soldier
- 1912: The Firefly
- 1912–13: Seasons of Gilbert and Sullivan
- 1914: High Jinks (musical)
- 1915: The Blue Paradise
- 1916: Very Good Eddie
- 1917: Oh, Boy!
- 1918: Oh, Lady! Lady!!
- 1918: Sometime
- 1921: Tangerine
- 1922: Sally, Irene and Mary
- 1923: Wildflower
- 1924: I'll Say She Is – Marx Brothers
- 1925: The Vagabond King
- 1926: The Desert Song
- 1928: My Maryland
- 1929: The New Moon
- 1930: American Opera Company's Madama Butterfly and Faust
- "Casino Theatre (Built: 1882 Demolished: 1930 Closed: 1930)" Internet Broadway Database (Retrieved on December 31, 2007)
- Miller, Tom. "The Lost 1882 Casino Theatre – 39th Street and Broadway", Daytonian in Manhattan, June 3, 2013, accessed October 21, 2014
- Casino Theatre. World Theatres – Broadway and Off Broadway Theatres, accessed May 24, 2011
- Bloom, Ken. Routledge Guide to Broadway, Routledge (2013), pp. 44–45 ISBN 1135871175
- IBDB entry for the original New York run, accessed October 21, 2014. See also Stone, David. Violet Melnotte (1855–1935), Who Was Who in the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company, Boise State University, accessed October 21, 2014
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