The Casluhim or Casluhites (Hebrew: כסלחים) were an ancient Egyptian people mentioned in the Bible and related literature. According to Genesis 10:14 and 1 Chronicles 1:12, they were descendants of Mizraim (Egypt) son of Ham, out of whom originated the Philistines.
The Egyptian form of their name is preserved in the inscriptions of the Temple of Kom Ombo as the region name Kasluḥet. In the Aramaic Targums their region is called Pentpolitai understood to be derived from the Greek Pentapolis which locates the area as the north west in what is now the Cyrenaica region of Libya. Another name for their region is Pekosim used in Bereshit Rabbah 37. In Saadia Gaon's translation of the Pentateach into Arabic, the Sahidic people (i.e. the people of Upper Egypt) are listed in the position of the Casluhim in Genesis 10:14 and the Pathrusim are listed as Albiim, however the ordering of Casluhim and Pathrusim sometimes vary in translations  and the mainstream understanding is that the Pathrusim are the Sahidic people. Josephus mentions the Casluhim in his Jewish Antiquities I, vi, 2 as one of the Egyptian peoples whose cities were destroyed during the Ethiopic War and who thus disappeared from history.
- Archibald Henry Sayce (2009). The "Higher Criticism" and the Verdict of the Monuments. General Books LLC. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-150-17885-6. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
- Navigating the Bible, World ORT, 2000, commentary Pathrusim, Casluhim
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