Casoli

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Casoli
Comune
Comune di Casoli
The church and the castle of Casoli
The church and the castle of Casoli
Casoli is located in Italy
Casoli
Casoli
Location of Casoli in Italy
Coordinates: 42°07′N 14°17′E / 42.117°N 14.283°E / 42.117; 14.283Coordinates: 42°07′N 14°17′E / 42.117°N 14.283°E / 42.117; 14.283
Country Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province / Metropolitan city Province of Chieti (CH)
Frazioni Ascigno, Capoposta, Cappacorti, Caprafico, Cavassutti, Cinonni, Cipollaro, Collebarone, Collelungo, Collemarco, Colle della Torre, Coste Martini, Fiorentini, Grottarimposta, Guarenna Nuova, Guarenna Vecchia, Laroma, Laroscia, Mandramancina, Merosci, Minco di Lici, Monti, Piana delle vacche, Pianibbie, Piano Carlino, Piano del Mulino, Piano la Fara, Piano Laroma, Piano Morelli, Piano delle Vigne, Quarto da Capo, Ripitella, Selva Piana, Serra, Taloni, Torretta, Valle Curato, Verratti, Vicenne, Vizzarri
Government
 • Mayor Sergio De Luca
Area
 • Total 66 km2 (25 sq mi)
Elevation 378 m (1,240 ft)
Population (December 31, 2004)
 • Total 5,901
 • Density 89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Casolani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 66043
Dialing code 0872
Patron saint Saint Reparata
Saint day October 8
Website Official website

Casoli is a comune and town in the Province of Chieti in the Abruzzo region of Italy: it is situated on a foothill of the Majella mountain, at the base of which runs the Aventino River, tributary of the Sangro. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 5,901 and an area of 66 square kilometres (25 sq mi).[1]

Casoli borders the following municipalities: Altino, Civitella Messer Raimondo, Gessopalena, Guardiagrele, Palombaro, Roccascalegna, Sant'Eusanio del Sangro.

History[edit]

It was the ancient Cluviae, a city of the Caraceni: the territory was most probably conquered by Lombards in the 6th century. The medieval name "castri de Casule" was first recorded in 878 AD in the Memoriatorium abbatis Berthari, a manuscript conserved in the Abbey of Monte Cassino.

The village was controlled, in the fourteenth century by the Orsini family, who fortified the Norman castle. Casoli became famous as part cultirale in the nineteenth century, when the Mayor Pasquale Masciantonio housed in the castle the poet Gabriele d'Annunzio. In World War II, Casoli not suffered severe bombing, because it was declared a "free city" for the displaced.

Main sights[edit]

  • Castello Masciantonio: Norman castle of the eleventh century, with a tower and fortified ducal palace, which houses a museum. The room that housed Gabriele d'Annunzio is of particular interest for a dithyramb written by d'Annunzio on the wall, in thanks.
  • Church of Santa Maria Maggiore: It was one of the Orsini chapel (14th century), and later in the seventeenth century it became a real church. It has a rectangular plan, with a side porch, Baroque mold.

Demographic evolution[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.