Caspar Joseph Brambach
Caspar Joseph Brambach (14 July 1833 – 20 June 1902) was a 19th-century German musician, pedagogue, composer whose reputation extended beyond Germany to America, and a renowned conductor of the leading choirs in Bonn.
The son of organ builder, piano tuner and music teacher Franz Jacob Brambach, he was born in Oberdollendorf, a village across the river Rhine from Bonn. Brambach's mother, born Lückerath, was the daughter of a free-roving puppet master builder. His brother was German musicologist Wilhelm Brambach.
The young Caspar Joseph spent his first years in his native village, where he received his first music lessons from his father, which continued after he passed in Bonn elementary and high school and at the Conservatory of Music, Cologne. After that, Brambach followed his musical career as first violinist of the Bonn Opera House (1847–1850) and studied at the Cologne Conservatory (1851–1854), which promoted young composers and where he received awards for a string quartet and various songs for the Mozart scholarship at Frankfurt Liederkranz. Later he studied there as a private pupil of Ferdinand Hiller and Carl Reinecke before he himself became a teacher in 1858.
In 1861 he was appointed municipal music director in Bonn, where he led performances of oratorios by Bach, Haydn, Handel and other composers. He retired from this position in 1869 to devote himself entirely to his compositions and the musical life in Bonn.[n 1] From 1862 to 1877 he conducted the men's choir "Concordia" and from 1861 to 1869 the Municipal Choral Society, now known as the Bonn Philharmonic Choir.
On 20 June 1902 Brambach died in his home in Bonn. His funeral was accompanied by singers from all over Germany. With great sympathy of the German minstrelsy, two years after his death a memorial designed by the architect Karl Senff was built on his grave at the cemetery in Bonn-Poppelsdorf. The relief on his donated, well elaborate tomb is signed by the Bad Honnef sculptor Charles Menser (1872–1929) and bears the inscription "Dedicated to German singers".[n 2] It is now a grave of honour, located under the Cross Mountain Church.
In the obituaries of his time,[n 3] the importance of Caspar Joseph Brambach as a musician and his work in the city of Bonn was highlighted. It was also added that he was one of the kindest and most unselfish people, whom no one will forget.
From 1861 until his death Brambach was lauded as a performing musician always acclaimed by the masses, devoting himself entirely to work and the private training of young musicians. One of his most important pupils was Max von Schillings who, for some time during his highschool years, was taught by him.[n 4]
Friedrich Nietzsche was asked by Brambach for advice someday whether he should become a musician or a scholar. Brambach, whose works are almost forgotten today, was known primarily as a composer of works for male choir, besides writing numerous songs, among which the melody of the Bergisches Heimatlied resembles his best-known song.[n 5] Brambach's choral compositions were widely performed at festivals of the time (Leipzig, Munich, Vienna, etc.), sometimes even in the presence of the Prussian imperial family.
Brambach musical style corresponds to the post-Mendelssohn era, with a very cantabile mood, which stands out from the majority of his contemporaries. Many admirers among musicians, conductors, the general public, and no less a figure than Hans von Bülow (1830–1894) himself, spoke highly not only of his most recognised work, but also of his piano concerto op. 39.
Brambach's best works are his cantatas The Eleusinian Festival, A Hymn to Spring, The Power of Prometheus, Lorelei and the choral work Columbus, which acquired recognition in the U.S. where he was awarded a prize. He also wrote the opera Ariadne and several minor pieces, which were very popular in his time. His best instrumental works date from the last third of the 19th century. Among them are:
- Sextet in C minor op. 5 (for 2 violins, 2 violas, cello and piano)
- Piano Quartet in E-flat major op. 14
- Piano Quartet in A minor op. 43
- Violin Sonata in D minor op. 55
- Violin Sonata in A minor op. 74
- Piano Quartet in G minor op. 110
Notes and references
- The same year Brambach got married to Magdalena Gohr.
- Even 25 years after his death, Brambach was honoured by an American delegation headed by Mark P. Campbell on behalf of the "Music Industries Chamber of Commerce" at the Beethoven Festival in Bonn in 1927.
- General Gazette, 21 June 1902, no. 4428.
- Schillings was taught by Brambach from 1879 on.
- The Bergisch home song is the anthem of the Bergisches Land. The text was by Rudolf Hartkopf (1859–1944).
- Fellerer, Karl Gustav (1960), Rheinische Musiker, p. 17, A. Volk, OCLC 1625787 (German).
- Dr. Grupp, Rudolf. "Caspar Joseph Brambach". Caspar Joseph Brambach – Ein Musiker aus Oberdollendorf (in German). Brückenhofmuseum. Archived from the original on 7 October 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- Champlin, John Denison & Apthorp, William Foster: Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians: Abaco-Dyne (C. Scribner's sons, 2008), p. 225; OCLC 12902217.
- Hubbard, W. L. (2005), The American History and Encyclopedia of Music: Musical Biographies Part One, p. 97, Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 1-4179-0712-6.
- Americana, Encyclopedia. "Brambach, Casper Joseph". Text from the "Encyclopedia Americana" (1918). Magnum Archive. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
- Josef Niesen: Bonner Personenlexikon, 2nd edition (Bonn: Bouvier Verlag, 2008). (German)