Caspiane, or Kaspiane (Armenian: Կասպք Kaspkʿ) was the land populated by the tribe of Caspians, after whom it received its name. Originally a province of Medes in the 3rd-2nd centuries BC, the land of the Caspians was conquered by Armenians in the 2nd century BC, then passed to Caucasian Albania under Sassanid Persian suzerainty in the 5th century, and later became an independent state. In the 2nd century AD, it became known as Paytakaran, and after 387 AD. became a part of the larger region of Balasakan.
- Robert H. Hewsen, Armenia: A Historical Atlas, University Of Chicago Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-226-33228-4