Cass County, Illinois

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Cass County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Cass County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Lewis Cass
Seat Virginia
Largest city Beardstown
Area
 • Total 384 sq mi (995 km2)
 • Land 376 sq mi (974 km2)
 • Water 7.9 sq mi (20 km2), 2.1%
Population
 • (2010) 13,642
 • Density 36/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Cass County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,642.[1] Its county seat is Virginia.[2] It is the home of the Jim Edgar Panther Creek State Fish and Wildlife Area.

History[edit]

Cass County was formed in 1837 out of Morgan County. It was named in honor of Lewis Cass,[3] a general in the War of 1812, Governor of the Michigan Territory, and United States Secretary of State in 1860. Cass was serving as Andrew Jackson's Secretary of War just before the County was named.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 384 square miles (990 km2), of which 376 square miles (970 km2) is land and 7.9 square miles (20 km2) (2.1%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Rivers[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Virginia, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.4
 
 
34
15
 
 
1.7
 
 
40
19
 
 
3.2
 
 
52
29
 
 
3.8
 
 
64
39
 
 
4.9
 
 
74
49
 
 
4.4
 
 
83
59
 
 
3.9
 
 
87
63
 
 
3.4
 
 
85
60
 
 
3.5
 
 
79
52
 
 
2.6
 
 
68
41
 
 
3.5
 
 
52
31
 
 
2.5
 
 
39
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Virginia have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −28 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in February 1934 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.35 inches (34 mm) in January to 4.86 inches (123 mm) in May.[5]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Cass County.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,981
1850 7,253 143.3%
1860 11,325 56.1%
1870 11,580 2.3%
1880 14,493 25.2%
1890 15,963 10.1%
1900 17,222 7.9%
1910 17,372 0.9%
1920 17,896 3.0%
1930 16,537 −7.6%
1940 16,425 −0.7%
1950 15,097 −8.1%
1960 14,539 −3.7%
1970 14,219 −2.2%
1980 15,084 6.1%
1990 13,437 −10.9%
2000 13,695 1.9%
2010 13,642 −0.4%
Est. 2014 13,156 [6] −3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,642 people, 5,270 households, and 3,561 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 36.3 inhabitants per square mile (14.0/km2). There were 5,836 housing units at an average density of 15.5 per square mile (6.0/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 86.3% white, 3.1% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 8.7% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 16.8% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 22.6% were German, 21.0% were American, 10.6% were Irish, and 9.5% were English.[12]

Of the 5,270 households, 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.4% were non-families, and 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age was 38.7 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,544 and the median income for a family was $51,624. Males had a median income of $37,267 versus $26,634 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,825. About 10.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Education[edit]

  • A C Central Community Unit School District 262
  • Beardstown Community Unit School District 15
  • Porta Community Unit School District 202
  • Triopia Community Unit School District 27
  • Virginia Community Unit School District 64

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Cass County is divided into these eleven townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 71. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Virginia, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 

Coordinates: 39°59′N 90°15′W / 39.98°N 90.25°W / 39.98; -90.25