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Cassandra Clare

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Cassandra Clare
Clare in 2013
Clare in 2013
BornJudith Rumelt
(1973-07-27) July 27, 1973 (age 50)
Tehran, Iran
GenreYoung adult fiction
Literary movementContemporary fantasy, urban fantasy, fantasy of manners
Notable worksThe Mortal Instruments series
SpouseJoshua Lewis
RelativesRichard Rumelt (father)
Max Rosenberg (grandfather)

Judith Lewis (née Rumelt; born July 27, 1973), better known by her pen name Cassandra Clare, is an American author of young adult fiction, best known for her bestselling series The Mortal Instruments.[1][2][3][4]

Personal life

Clare was born Judith Rumelt to American parents in Tehran, Iran. She is the daughter of Richard Rumelt, a business school professor and author.[5] Her maternal grandfather was film producer Max Rosenberg.[6] Clare is Jewish and has described her family as "not religious".[7][8]

As a child, Clare traveled frequently, spending time in Switzerland, England, and France. She returned to Los Angeles for high school and from then on, split her time between California and New York City, where she worked at various entertainment magazines and tabloids, including The Hollywood Reporter.[9]

She is also friends with the author Holly Black, and their books occasionally overlap, Clare mentioning characters from Black's novels and vice versa, such as Val and Luis from Black's Valiant.[10]

Her publisher also credits Clare with creating the "City of Fallen Angels treatment" where a tangible "letter" from one character to another is attached to the back of physical copies of a book. The goal is to spur print book sales.[5]

As of 2013, Clare resides in Amherst, Massachusetts, with her husband, Joshua Lewis, and three cats.[1][11]

The Mortal Instruments series

Clare at BookCon in 2019

In 2004, Clare started working on her first published novel, City of Bones, inspired by the urban landscape of Manhattan. City of Bones was released by Simon & Schuster in 2007 and is a contemporary fantasy story revolving around characters Clary Fray, Jace Wayland, and Simon Lewis, which became a New York Times bestseller upon its release. City of Ashes and City of Glass completed the first trilogy. A subsequent second trilogy contained three more books: City of Fallen Angels, City of Lost Souls, and City of Heavenly Fire.

There is a prequel trilogy called The Infernal Devices, set in the same universe as The Mortal Instruments, but set in the Victorian era. This consists of three books: Clockwork Angel, published on August 31, 2010, Clockwork Prince, published on December 6, 2011, and Clockwork Princess, posted on March 19, 2013.[12]

A fourth trilogy set in this universe was announced in 2012, collectively known as The Dark Artifices. The new contemporary series is set in Los Angeles and follow female shadowhunter Emma Carstairs, who was introduced in City of Heavenly Fire.[13] The first book, Lady Midnight, was released in March 2016; the second, Lord of Shadows was released in April 2017; the third, Queen of Air and Darkness was released on December 4, 2018.[14][15]

There are also two series of interconnected short stories set in this universe. The first is The Bane Chronicles, completed in 2014 and written with Sarah Rees Brennan and Maureen Johnson, and the second is the planned Tales from the Shadowhunter Academy, written with Brennan and Johnson as well as Robin Wasserman.[16]

The first book in The Mortal Instruments was made into a film, The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones (2013), by Unique Features and Constantin Film.[17] First-time writer Jessica Postigo wrote the screenplay.[18][19] Lily Collins played Clary Fray and Jamie Campbell Bower played Jace Wayland.

After a disappointing box office performance, subsequent movies in the series were canceled. A television adaptation of The Mortal Instruments called Shadowhunters: The Mortal Instruments began airing in January 2016. It was canceled after the third season.[20]

Plagiarism accusations

Clare was accused of plagiarism dating back to 2000–2001 when she was writing the fan fiction work The Draco Trilogy.[21][22] The Christian Science Monitor wrote in 2013 about how Clare's plagiarism and cyberbullying angered many in the Harry Potter online fandom community.[23] Later that year, The Daily Dot described how Clare had copied much of a chapter of The Secret Country (1985), an out-of-print fantasy novel by Pamela Dean, into Clare's own The Draco Trilogy, without attribution to Dean.[24][25] A complaint by another website user in mid-2001 led to a review by FanFiction.Net administrators, resulting in Clare banned for plagiarism and her writings removed from the website.[26][27] Clare continued to post her trilogy on a fan fiction Yahoo! group until the series was complete in 2006. She recycled many ideas from The Draco Trilogy into her best-selling book series Mortal Instruments.[25]

Best-selling fantasy novelist Sherrilyn Kenyon sued Clare over claims that Clare copied aspects of Kenyon's Dark-Hunters series (1998) for Clare's Shadowhunters series.[28] The lawsuit contended that characters are similar, that "elements are virtually identical" between the books, and that the term "shadow hunters" was copied.[29] Clare's lawyers released a statement saying that Clare had never read any of Kenyon's books. Simon & Schuster, Clare's publisher, did not comment.[30] Kenyon later removed the central accusation of copyright violation from the lawsuit, leaving the peripheral issue of cover art and branding similarities. She eventually settled out of court, and paid her own legal fees.[31][32]


City of Bones

  • 2010 Georgia Peach Book Awards for Teen Readers[33]
  • Finalist for the Locus Award for Best First Novel of 2007
  • An American Library Association Teens Top Ten Award winner, 2008[34]
  • 2010 Georgia Peach Book Awards for Teen Readers[33]
  • Winner of The 2010 Abraham Lincoln Illinois High School Book Award[35]
  • Winner of the 2010 Pacific Northwest Library Association Young Reader's Choice Award[36]
  • A Texas TAYSHAS title 2010[37]
  • Shortlisted for the 2010 Evergreen Young Adult Book Award[38]
  • Shortlisted for The 2010 Colorado Blue Spruce Young Adult Book Award[39]
  • Shortlisted for The North Carolina School Library Media Association Young Adult Book Award[40]
  • Oregon Young Adult Network Book Rave Reading List Title 2008[41]
  • Shortlisted for the Coventry Inspiration Book Awards[42]

City of Ashes

  • A 2009 ALA Teens Top Ten Title[43]

City of Fallen Angels

City of Heavenly Fire


The Shadowhunter Chronicles

The Mortal Instruments

  • City of Bones (March 27, 2007) ISBN 978-1-481-45592-3
  • City of Ashes (March 28, 2008) ISBN 978-1-481-45597-8
  • City of Glass (March 24, 2009) ISBN 978-1-481-45598-5
  • City of Fallen Angels (April 5, 2011) ISBN 978-1-481-45599-2
  • City of Lost Souls (May 8, 2012) ISBN 978-1-481-45600-5
  • City of Heavenly Fire (May 27, 2014) ISBN 978-1-481-44442-2

Mortal Instruments companion books

Mortal Instruments graphic novels

Art by Cassandra Jean.

  • The Mortal Instruments: The Graphic Novel, Vol. 1 (November 7, 2017) ISBN 978-0-316-46581-6
  • The Mortal Instruments: The Graphic Novel, Vol. 2 (October 30, 2018) ISBN 978-0-316-46582-3
  • The Mortal Instruments: The Graphic Novel, Vol. 3 (October 29, 2019) ISBN 978-0-316-46583-0
  • The Mortal Instruments: The Graphic Novel, Vol. 4 (October 24, 2020) ISBN 978-0-316-46584-7
  • The Mortal Instruments: The Graphic Novel, Vol. 5 (March 29, 2022)

Mortal Instruments coloring books

  • The Official Mortal Instruments Coloring Book (illustrated by Cassandra Jean) (April 25, 2017) ISBN 978-1-481-49756-5

The Infernal Devices

Infernal Devices graphic novels

Art by HyeKyung Baek.

The Dark Artifices

The Eldest Curses

This series is co-written with Wesley Chu.

The Last Hours

The Wicked Powers

  • The Last King of Faerie (Spring, 2026)
  • The Last Prince of Hell (TBD)
  • The Last Shadowhunter (TBD)

In Fire Foretold series

  • In Fire Foretold (TBD)
  • Untitled (TBD)

The Magisterium series

This series is written with Holly Black.

The Chronicles of Castellane series

  • Sword Catcher (October 10, 2023)[45]
  • The Ragpicker King (March 4, 2025)

Short fiction

  • "The Girl's Guide to Defeating the Dark Lord", Turn the Other Chick, ed. Esther Friesner, Baen Books (2004) (writing as Cassandra Claire)[46]
  • "Charming", So Fey, ed. Steve Berman, Haworth Press (2007)
  • "Graffiti", Magic in the Mirrorstone, ed. Steve Berman, Mirrorstone Books (2008)
  • "Other Boys", The Eternal Kiss, ed. Trisha Telep, Running Press (2009)
  • "The Mirror House", Vacations from Hell, ed. Farrin Jacobs, HarperCollins (2009)
  • "I Never", Geektastic, ed. Holly Black and Cecil Castelucci, Little, Brown (2009)
  • "Cold Hands", ZVU: Zombies Versus Unicorns, ed. Holly Black and Justine Larbalestier, Simon and Schuster (2010)
  • "The Perfect Dinner Party" (w/Holly Black), Teeth: Vampire Tales, ed. Ellen Datlow and Terri Windling, HarperCollins (2011)
  • "The Rowan Gentleman" (w/Holly Black), in Welcome to Bordertown (2011)
  • "Sisters Before Misters" (w/Sarah Rees Brennan & Holly Black) in Dark Duets: All-New Tales of Horror and Dark Fantasy (2014)

Fan fiction (writing as Cassandra Claire)

  • The Draco Trilogy: "Draco Dormiens", "Draco Sinister", and "Draco Veritas" (based on Harry Potter)[47]
  • The Very Secret Diaries (based on The Lord of the Rings)[48]


  1. ^ a b Alter, Alexandra (June 15, 2012). "The New Queen of Fantasy: Cassandra Clare's Breakout". The Wall Street Journal. p. D2. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015.
  2. ^ Dill, Margo L. (March 14, 2010). "Potter Phenomenon". The Champaign-Urbana News-Gazette. p. F-3. Archived from the original on April 13, 2020. Retrieved July 15, 2020.
  3. ^ "Best Sellers : Children's Books". The New York Times. April 22, 2007. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013.
  4. ^ "Copyright Clash over Demon-Fighting Stories". February 8, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Kaplan, David A. (August 29, 2012). "A most unusual father-daughter professional pairing". CNN Money. Archived from the original on August 30, 2012.
  6. ^ Reed, Christopher (June 22, 2004). "Obituary: Max Rosenberg". The Guardian. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
  7. ^ Clare, Cassandara (February 27, 2011). "The first chapter of City of Fallen Angels (and POV)".
  8. ^ "Kids' Q&A Cassandra Clare". Archived from the original on August 15, 2012.
  9. ^ "Author's bio at Sony.com". Archived from the original on October 5, 2011.
  10. ^ "Is that Val and Luis from Holly Black's Valiant in that scene in City of Bones where Jace and Clary are going downtown with the Silent Brother?". Archived from the original on April 11, 2011.
  11. ^ "Cassandra Clare & Joshua Lewis Pen The Shadowhunters Codex". Archived from the original on July 4, 2013.
  12. ^ "What are the publication dates of Clockwork Princess and City of Heavenly Fire?". Archived from the original on May 30, 2012.
  13. ^ Italie, Hillel (May 14, 2012). "Cassandra Clare To Write 'The Dark Artifices,' A Fantasy Series Set In Los Angeles". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on April 1, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  14. ^ a b "Cover Reveal: 'Queen of Air and Darkness' coming December 4, 2018". TMISource. November 12, 2017.
  15. ^ a b Clare, Cassandra (January 17, 2016). "March 2016: Lady Midnight (Dark Artifices 1) September 2016 = The Bronze Key April 2017: Lord of Shadows".
  16. ^ Brissey, Breia (October 14, 2014). "Cassandra Clare and co. to launch Shadowhunter e-series". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  17. ^ "Cassandra Clare's Blog 23 August 2009". Archived from the original on August 28, 2009.
  18. ^ "The Mortal Instruments IMDB page". IMDb.
  19. ^ Clare, Cassandra (October 4, 2010). "movie news". Cassandra Clare's Blog. LiveJournal. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
  20. ^ "'Shadowhunters' to End After 3 Seasons, Freeform Orders 2-Hour Finale to Wrap Series in 2019". June 5, 2018.
  21. ^ Weiss, Sabrina Rojas (January 13, 2016). "Why Cassandra Clare Is One The Most Controversial YA Authors in History". Refinery29. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  22. ^ Staff, Distractify (August 28, 2020). "Before 'Mortal Instruments' YA Author Cassandra Clare Faced Accusations of Plagiarism". Distractify. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  23. ^ Frederick, Ben (March 11, 2013). "10 most controversial authors (in recent memory)". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved September 26, 2023.
  24. ^ Green, Penelope (April 23, 2016). "Cassandra Clare Created a Fantasy Realm and Aims to Maintain Her Rule". The New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2023.
  25. ^ a b Baker-Whitelaw, Gavia (August 2, 2013). "A beginner's guide to Cassandra Clare and her 'Mortal Instruments'". The Daily Dot. Retrieved September 26, 2023.
  26. ^ Italie, Hillel (March 14, 2012). "Cassandra Clare signs up for new LA fantasy series". Yahoo! Finance. Associated Press. Retrieved September 26, 2023.
  27. ^ Guarino, Cristina (September 16, 2013). "'Cassiegate': Cassandra Clare's Alleged Plagiarism in The Mortal Instruments". Paper Droids. Archived from the original on March 24, 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2023.
  28. ^ Biedenharn, Isabella (February 10, 2016). "Cassandra Clare sued for copyright infringement over Shadowhunter series". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  29. ^ Miller, Laura (February 17, 2016). "A No. 1 Best-Selling Author Sues Another No. 1 Best-Selling Author, and It Gets Ugly". Slate. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  30. ^ "Sherrilyn Kenyon sues Cassandra Clare for 'wilfully copying' her novels". The Guardian. February 10, 2016. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  31. ^ Shapiro, Lila (June 19, 2019). "'I Really Thought He Was Going to Kill Me and Bury My Body' A romance author accused her husband of poisoning her. Was it her wildest fiction yet?". Vulture. Retrieved September 26, 2023.
  32. ^ Stanley-Becker, Isaac (January 17, 2019). "Best-selling paranormal romance writer accuses her husband of a 'Shakespearean plot' to poison her". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 17, 2019. Retrieved September 26, 2023.
  33. ^ a b "2010 Georgia Peach Book Award for Teen Readers Winner Announced". Georgia Library Media Association. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
  34. ^ "The 2008 Teens' Top Ten". Young Adult Library Services Association. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  35. ^ "Illinois' High School Readers' Choice Award". Illinois School Library Media Association. Archived from the original on September 5, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  36. ^ "Pacific Northwest Library Association Young Reader's Choice Award". Pacific Northwest Library Association. Archived from the original on November 28, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  37. ^ "Texas TAYSHAS title 2010" (PDF). Texas Library Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 20, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  38. ^ "Evergreen Young Adult Book Award". King County Library System. Archived from the original on July 25, 2010. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
  39. ^ "Colorado Blue Spruce Young Adult Book Award" (PDF). Colorado Blue Spruce Young Adult Book World. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 7, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  40. ^ "NCSLMA YA Book Award". North Carolina School Library Media Association. Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
  41. ^ "Oregon Young Adult Network Book Rave List". Oregon Library Association. Archived from the original on July 7, 2010. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
  42. ^ "Coventry Inspiration Book Awards". Coventry City Council. Archived from the original on February 4, 2010. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
  43. ^ "2009 ALA Teens Top Ten". Young Adult Library Services Association. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
  44. ^ "Announcing the Goodreads Choice Winner in Best Young Adult Fantasy & Science Fiction!". Goodreads. Retrieved March 13, 2023.
  45. ^ "Exclusive Cover Reveal + Q&A: Behold Cassandra Clare's Adult Fantasy Debut Sword Catcher". Paste Magazine. January 12, 2023. Retrieved January 13, 2023.
  46. ^ Friesner, Esther (2004). Turn the Other Chick. Baen Books. ISBN 0743488571.
  47. ^ "The Times article on The Draco Trilogy". Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
  48. ^ "Author's Bio at LookingGlassReview.com".

External links