Cassia abbreviata

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Sjambok pod
Cassia abbreviata 1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Cassia
Species: C. abbreviata
Binomial name
Cassia abbreviata
Oliv. [1]

See text

Cassia abbreviata, commonly known as the Sjambok pod or Long-tail cassia, is a mostly tropical tree species in the genus Cassia, which is native to Africa.

Native distribution[edit]

Cassia abbreviata is native to east, northeast, south, and west-central Africa; found in Botswana, the DRC, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Somalia, South Africa (in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga), Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.[1]


Proguibourtinidins, a type of condensed tannins, can be found in C. abbreviata [2] and guibourtinidol, a flavan-3ol, can be found in its heartwood.[3]


Three subspecies are distinguished on the basis of petal size, pubescence and geographical distribution:[4]

  • Cassia abbreviata subsp. abbreviata
  • Cassia abbreviata subsp. beareana (Holmes) Brenan
  • Cassia abbreviata subsp. kassneri (Baker f.) Brenan

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b  Cassia abbreviata was originally described and published in Flora of Tropical Africa 2: 271. 1871. GRIN (December 19, 2007). "Cassia abbreviata information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved December 6, 2011. 
  2. ^ The structure and synthesis of proguibourtinidins from Cassia abbreviata, Elfranco Malan, Ewald Swinny, Daneel Ferreira and Petrus Steynberg, 1996
  3. ^ The novel Flavan-3-ol, (2R,3S )-guibourtinidol and its diastereomers. Reinier J.J. Nel, Makhosazana Mthembu, Johan Coetzee, Hendrik van Rensburg, Elfranco Malan and Daneel Ferreira, Phytochemistry 52 (1999) 1153-1158
  4. ^ Orwa, C.; Mutua, A.; Kindt, R.; Jamnadass, R.; Anthony, S. "Cassia abbreviata" (PDF). Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 

External links[edit]