Cassiopeia hauled by EF510-509, August 2010
|Service type||Limited express|
|First service||July 1999|
|Current operator(s)||JR East|
|Seating arrangements||Lounge car|
|Sleeping arrangements||Compartments and suites|
|Catering facilities||Dining car|
|Observation facilities||Observation lounge at end of train|
|Rolling stock||E26 series sleeping cars|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC / 20 kV AC (50Hz)|
|Operating speed||110 km/h (70 mph)|
The Cassiopeia (カシオペア Kashiopea?) is a luxury overnight limited express train service in Japan operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) since July 1999. It runs between Ueno Station in Tokyo and the city of Sapporo in the northern island of Hokkaido. The one-way journey lasts approximately 16½ hours.
Northbound trains to Sapporo depart from Ueno after 16:00, and call at Ōmiya, Utsunomiya, Kōriyama, Fukushima, Sendai, Ichinoseki, and Morioka. The first stop in Hokkaido is at Hakodate at 05:00 the following day, with arrival in Sapporo around 09:30. Southbound trains to Ueno depart from Sapporo after 16:00; the first stop after leaving Hokkaido is at Sendai, around 04:30 the following day, and the arrival time at Ueno station is around 09:30.
Trains depart three times per week, with more departures during holiday periods.
The Cassiopeia runs on the following rail lines:
- Tōhoku Main Line, Ueno - Morioka
IGR Iwate Ginga Railway
- Iwate Galaxy Railway Line, Morioka - Metoki
- Aoimori Railway Line, Metoki - Aomori
- Tsugaru Line, Aomori - Naka-Oguni
- Kaikyō Line, Naka-Oguni - Kikonai
- Esashi Line, Kikonai - Goryōkaku
- Hakodate Main Line, Goryōkaku - Hakodate - Oshamambe
- Muroran Main Line, Oshamambe - Numanohata
- Chitose Line, Numanohata - Shiroishi
- Hakodate Main Line, Shiroishi - Sapporo
The train changes direction at Aomori and Hakodate.
The train is formed of twelve E26 series sleeping cars, including a lounge car at the Sapporo end and a deluxe suite at the Ueno end. The train is hauled by a JR East Tabata-based Class EF510-500 dual-voltage electric locomotive between Ueno and Aomori, by a JR Hokkaido ED79 AC electric locomotive between Aomori and Hakodate, and by a pair of JR Hokkaido DD51 diesel locomotives between Hakodate and Sapporo. Prior to June 2010, the services were hauled by JR East Class EF81 dual-voltage electric locomotives.
|SuRoNeFu E26||SuRoNe E26||MaShi E26||SuRoNe E27||SuRoNe E27||SuRoNe E27||SuRoNe E27||SuRoNe E27||SuRoNe E27||SuRoNe E27||SuRoNe E27||KaHaFu E26|
|Cassiopeia Suite||Cassiopeia Suite / Cassiopeia Deluxe||Dining car||Cassiopeia Twin||Cassiopeia Twin / Mini lobby||Cassiopeia Twin / Shower room||Cassiopeia Twin||Cassiopeia Twin||Cassiopeia Twin / Mini lobby||Cassiopeia Twin / Shower room||Cassiopeia Twin||Lounge Car/ Generator|
Accommodation and fares
The Cassiopeia consists of all type "A" accommodation, all specific to this particular train. A flat fee is charged for all rooms, regardless of starting or ending location. Currently, accommodation rates range from about ¥27,000 for a Cassiopeia Twin room to ¥51,000 for a Cassiopeia Suite.
The other fares, the basic fare and limited express fare, are based on distance. For tourists using the Japan Rail Pass, the basic fare does not have to be paid. However, there will be a charge of about ¥5,500 each way for travelling on a section of railroad not owned by Japan Railways between Morioka and Aomori.
From the start of the revised timetable on 17 March 2012, smoking was banned in the restaurant car of Cassiopeia services.
Following the opening of the Hokkaido Shinkansen in March 2016, regular Cassiopeia services are scheduled to be discontinued, although the coaches may be used on cruise train services to other areas.
- List of named passenger trains of Japan
- Hokutosei, another night train that ran between Tokyo and Sapporo until August 2015
- Seven Stars in Kyushu, a luxury sleeping car train operated by JR Kyushu
- Twilight Express Mizukaze, a luxury sleeping car excursion train planned by JR West in Japan
- JR Timetable, March 2008 issue
- "えきねっと（JR東日本）｜寝台特急カシオペア＞時刻表・料金表". Jreast.co.jp. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
- JR新幹線＆特急列車ファイル [JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. p. 130. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6.
- "EF510 500番代による〈カシオペア〉牽引開始" [Start of EF510-500 haulage for Cassiopeia services]. Hobidas (in Japanese). Neko Publishing. 25 June 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- ２０１２年３月ダイヤ改正について [March 2012 Timetable Revision] (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
- カシオペア廃止へ 来年３月北海道新幹線開業で、機関車使えず [Cassiopeia to be discontinued - locomotives cannot be used following opening of Hokkaido Shinkansen next March]. Sponichi Annex (in Japanese). Japan: Sports Nippon Newspapers. 14 September 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
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