Cassytha filiformis

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Cassytha filiformis
Cassytha filiformis 1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Cassytha
Species:
C. filiformis
Binomial name
Cassytha filiformis
SynonymsThe Plant List
  • Calodium cochinchinense Lour.
  • Calodium cochinchinensis Lour.
  • Cassytha americana Nees
  • Cassytha americana var. brachystachya Meisn.
  • Cassytha americana var. brasiliensis (Mart. ex Nees) Meisn.
  • Cassytha americana var. puberula Meisn.
  • Cassytha aphylla Raeusch.
  • Cassytha archboldiana C.K.Allen
  • Cassytha brasiliensis Mart. ex Nees
  • Cassytha corniculata Burm.f.
  • Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.
  • Cassytha cuscutiformis F. Muell.
  • Cassytha dissitiflora Meisn.
  • Cassytha filiformis var. pseudopubescens Domin
  • Cassytha filiformis f. pycnantha Domin
  • Cassytha guineensis Schumach. & Thonn.
  • Cassytha lifuensis Guillaumin
  • Cassytha macrocarpa Guillaumin
  • Cassytha novoguineensis Kaneh. & Hatus.
  • Cassytha paradoxae Proctor
  • Cassytha senegalensis A.Chev.
  • Cassytha timoriensis Gand.
  • Cassytha zeylanica Gaertn.
  • Rumputris fasciculata Raf.
  • Spironema aphylla Raf.
  • Volutella aphylla Forssk.

Cassytha filiformis, common name love-vine, is a species of obligate parasitic vine in the family Lauraceae. The species has a native pantropical distribution encompassing the Americas, Indomalaya, Australasia, Polynesia and tropical Africa [2][3] In the Caribbean region, it is one of several plants known as "Love vine" because it has a reputation as an aphrodisiac.[4]

Cassytha filiformis is a twining vine with an orange to pale green stem. Leaves are reduced to scales about 1 mm long. Flowers are borne in spikes or sometimes solitary. There are six tepals, each 0.1-2.0 mm long. Fruit is a drupe about 7 mm in diameter.[2]

The 1889 book 'The Useful Native Plants of Australia records that the "This and other species of Cassytha are called " Dodder-laurel." The emphatic name of "Devil's guts" is largely used. It frequently connects bushes and trees by cords, and becomes a nuisance to the traveller. "This plant is used by the Brahmins of Southern India for seasoning their buttermilk. (Treasury of Botany?)".[5]

Cassytha filiformis, Hawaii
Clump of Cassytha filiformis, Bahamas, which the locals call "Bahamian Love Vine"
Cassytha filiformis flowers

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cassytha filiformis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2013-01-28.
  2. ^ a b Flora of North America vol 3
  3. ^ D. S. Correll & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas. University of Texas at Dallas.
  4. ^ Esbaugh, W. Hardy; McClure, Susan A. & Bolyard, Judith L. Bush Medicine Studies, Andros Island, Bahamas. Proceedings of the first symposium on the botany of the Bahamas June 11–14, 1985. Ed. Robert R. Smith., San Salvador, Bahamas.
  5. ^ J. H. Maiden (1889). The useful native plants of Australia : Including Tasmania. Turner and Henderson, Sydney.

External links[edit]