Castabala was one of the cities of the Late Hitite period. The name Castabala was probably of Luwian origin. The city was captured by Achaemenid Empire and became part of the Cilician satrapy and then by Alexander the Great. During the Hellenistic age it was called Hieropolis. During the Roman Empire the city was a part of Capadocia Province. But after the Cilician pirates were defeated, Tarkondimotos, a pardoned pirate leader, became the governor of the region.
It has had the following incumbents, of the lowest (episcopal) rank :
- John Milner 1803.03.06 – 1826.04.19)
- John Murdoch (1833.06.04 – 1865.12.15)
- Louis Aloysius Lootens (1868.03.03 – 1898.01.12)Belgian, as Apostolic Vicar of Idaho and Montana (USA) (1868.03.03 – 1876.02.27) and as Auxiliary Bishop of Vancouver Island (Canada) (1876.02.27 – 1898.01.12)
- Rocco Tornatore, Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions (1889.11.18 – 1908)
- John William Shaw (1910.02.07 – 1911.03.11) as Coadjutor Bishop of San Antonio (Texas, USA) (1910.02.07 – 1911.03.11), later succeeding as Bishop of San Antonio (1911.03.11 – 1918.01.25), later Metropolitan Archbishop of New Orleans (USA) (1918.01.25 – 1934.11.02)
- Juan José Marcos Zapata (1913.05.30 – 1951.05.13)
- Doroteo Fernández y Fernández (1956.03.06 – 1971.07.22)
- Patrick Ebosele Ekpu (1971.06.05 – 1973.07.05) (later Archbishop)
- Felipe Tejeda García, Missionaries of the Holy Spirit (M.Sp.S.) (2000.01.29 – ... ):, Auxiliary Bishop emeritus of México (Mexico)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Castabala (city).|
- ‘Recent Discoveries in Eastern Cilicia’. The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 1890, Vol. 11, 231-5.
- Osmaniye governor's page (in Turkish)
- Edwards, Robert W., "Kastabala" (2016). The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, ed., Paul Corby Finney. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 8–9. ISBN 978-0-8028-9017-7.
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 860
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