Castelão (grape)

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Grape (Vitis)
Color of berry skin Noir
Species Vitis vinifera
Also called See list of synonyms
Origin Portugal
Pedigree parent 1 Cayetana
Pedigree parent 2 Alfrocheiro Preto
Formation of seeds Complete
Sex of flowers Hermaphrodite
VIVC number 2324

Castelão, in Portugal also known as Periquita and João de Santarém, is a red wine grape found primarily in the south coastal regions but is grown all over Portugal and is sometimes used in Port wine production. The name is derived from the Portuguese term for parakeet.

The vine thrives in sandy soils but is able to adapt to a variety of conditions. It produces a wine that can be harshly tannic in its youth but softens as it ages. In the Algarve VR, it is often blended with Negra Mole to produce a wine with less aging potential but less harsh in its youth.[1]


Bastardo Castico, Bastardo Espanhol, Castelana, Castelao Frances, Castelao Real, Casteleao, Castellam, Castellao, Castellao Portugues, Castico, Joao de Periquita, Joao de Santarem, Joao de Santarem Tinto, Joao Mendes, Joao Pinto Mendes, Joao Santarem, Lariao Preto, Mortagua, Mortagua de Vide Branca, Olho de Lebre, Perikvita, Periquita, Piriquita, Piriquito, Pirriquita, Santarem, Santarem Tinto, Trincadeira.[2]

The variety Tinta Amarela is also called Trincadeira, but is not related to Castelão.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ J. Robinson Vines, Grapes & Wines pg 217 Mitchell Beazley 1986 ISBN 1-85732-999-6
  2. ^ "CASTELAO". Vitis International Variety Catalogue VIVC. Julius Kühn-Institut - Federal Research Centre for Cultivated Plants (JKI), Institute for Grapevine Breeding - Geilweilerhof (ZR). August 2017. Retrieved 2017-09-23.