Castelfranco Veneto

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Castelfranco Veneto
Casteło (Venetian)
Città di Castelfranco Veneto
The western gate of the old historical centre.
The western gate of the old historical centre.
Coat of arms of Castelfranco Veneto
Location of Castelfranco Veneto
Castelfranco Veneto is located in Italy
Castelfranco Veneto
Castelfranco Veneto
Location of Castelfranco Veneto in Italy
Castelfranco Veneto is located in Veneto
Castelfranco Veneto
Castelfranco Veneto
Castelfranco Veneto (Veneto)
Coordinates: 45°40′N 11°56′E / 45.667°N 11.933°E / 45.667; 11.933Coordinates: 45°40′N 11°56′E / 45.667°N 11.933°E / 45.667; 11.933
CountryItaly
RegionVeneto
ProvinceTreviso (TV)
FrazioniTreville, Salvarosa, Salvatronda, Bella Venezia, Campigo, Sant'Andrea oltre il Muson, Villarazzo, San Floriano di Campagna
Government
 • MayorStefano Marcon
Area
 • Total50.93 km2 (19.66 sq mi)
Elevation
42 m (138 ft)
Population
 (31 August 2008)[2]
 • Total33,407
 • Density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
DemonymCastellani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
31033
Dialing code0423
Patron saintSaint Liberalis
Saint day27 April
WebsiteOfficial website

Castelfranco Veneto (Venetian: Casteło) is a town and comune of Veneto, northern Italy, in the province of Treviso, 30 kilometres (19 miles) by rail from the town of Treviso. It is approximately 40 km (25 mi) inland from Venice.

History[edit]

The town originates from a castle built here by the commune of Treviso in the course of its strife against Padua (1195). In 1246, it was captured by Ezzelino III da Romano, returning to Treviso after his death in 1259. In 1329, it was acquired by Cangrande I della Scala, lord of Verona. Ten years later, together with Treviso, it was handed over to the Republic of Venice, to which it belonged until 1797. Castelfranco Veneto then followed the history of Veneto. Indeed, the hand over to the "Serenissima" closes over a century of war events for the town. With its lands finally quiet and safe, some of the richest Venetian patrician families began undertaking several investments, laying down the foundations for the development of a relatively large area that will start one of its most prominent economic and cultural booming from the early decades of the sixteenth century. Almost freed from the rigid military dimension of the castle during the sixteenth century, Castelfranco Veneto transformed itself in a "quasi-city" (the expression was created by the historian Giorgio Chittolini), through a dynamic process of evolution of its economic fabric, as well as its redevelopment and thickening of its public and private building heritage.[3]

Main sights[edit]

The walls

The older part of the town is square, surrounded by medieval walls and towers constructed by the people of Treviso in 1211 (see Cittadella).[4]

Castelfranco Veneto was the birthplace of the painter Giorgione, and the cathedral, named il Duomo (1723), located inside the walls, contains one of his finest works, the Madonna with St. Francis and Liberalis (1504), but more commonly called Pala del Giorgione. In the background, the towers of the old town may be seen.[4] The painting was being restored in Venice, Italy; however, ceremonies were held for the return of 'La Pala' near the end of 2005.

The cathedral itself was designed by Francesco Maria Preti, over an ancient Romanesque church. Other artpieces include seven fragments of frescoes by Paolo Veronese.

Transport[edit]

Castelfranco Veneto railway station, opened in 1877, is a junction of three railway lines, the Trento–Venice railway, the Vicenza–Treviso railway and the Calalzo–Padua railway, respectively. As such, it is one of the busiest railway junctions in Veneto.

People born in Castelfranco Veneto[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  3. ^ "Castelfranco Veneto: Cenni storici - Comune Castelfranco Veneto".
  4. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Castelfranco Veneto". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 471.
  5. ^ "Gemellaggio con la città di Guelph - Comune Castelfranco Veneto".

External links[edit]

Media related to Castelfranco Veneto at Wikimedia Commons