|Città di Castelfranco Veneto|
|Frazioni||Treville, Salvarosa, Salvatronda, Bella Venezia, Campigo, Sant'Andrea oltre il Muson, Villarazzo, San Floriano di Campagna|
|• Mayor||Stefano Marcon|
|• Total||50.93 km2 (19.66 sq mi)|
|Elevation||42 m (138 ft)|
(31 August 2008)
|• Density||660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Saint Liberalis|
|Saint day||27 April|
Castelfranco Veneto (Venetian: Casteło) is a town and comune of Veneto, northern Italy, in the province of Treviso, 30 kilometres (19 miles) by rail from the town of Treviso. It is approximately 40 km (25 mi) inland from Venice.
The town originates from a castle built here by the commune of Treviso in the course of its strife against Padua (1195). In 1246, it was captured by Ezzelino III da Romano, returning to Treviso after his death in 1259. In 1329, it was acquired by Cangrande I della Scala, lord of Verona. Ten years later, together with Treviso, it was handed over to the Republic of Venice, to which it belonged until 1797. Castelfranco Veneto then followed the history of Veneto. Indeed, the hand over to the "Serenissima" closes over a century of war events for the town. With its lands finally quiet and safe, some of the richest Venetian patrician families began undertaking several investments, laying down the foundations for the development of a relatively large area that will start one of its most prominent economic and cultural booming from the early decades of the sixteenth century. Almost freed from the rigid military dimension of the castle during the sixteenth century, Castelfranco Veneto transformed itself in a "quasi-city" (the expression was created by the historian Giorgio Chittolini), through a dynamic process of evolution of its economic fabric, as well as its redevelopment and thickening of its public and private building heritage.
Castelfranco Veneto was the birthplace of the painter Giorgione, and the cathedral, named il Duomo (1723), located inside the walls, contains one of his finest works, the Madonna with St. Francis and Liberalis (1504), but more commonly called Pala del Giorgione. In the background, the towers of the old town may be seen. The painting was being restored in Venice, Italy; however, ceremonies were held for the return of 'La Pala' near the end of 2005.
Castelfranco Veneto railway station, opened in 1877, is a junction of three railway lines, the Trento–Venice railway, the Vicenza–Treviso railway and the Calalzo–Padua railway, respectively. As such, it is one of the busiest railway junctions in Veneto.
People born in Castelfranco Veneto
- Giorgione (1477–1510), painter
- Agostino Steffani (1655–1728), Catholic bishop, diplomat, and composer
- Francesco Maria Preti (1701–1774), architect
- Paola Drigo (1876–1938), writer
- Tina Anselmi (1927–2016), prominent member of the Italian resistance movement, later politician, first woman to hold a ministerial position in Italy
- Donatella Rettore (born 1953), singer and songwriter
- Francesco Guidolin (born 1955), football manager
- Pia Parolin (born 1965), biologist and tropical ecologist
- Manuela Giugliano (born 1997), football player
- "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
- "Castelfranco Veneto: Cenni storici - Comune Castelfranco Veneto".
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Castelfranco Veneto". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 471. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the
- "Gemellaggio con la città di Guelph - Comune Castelfranco Veneto".
Media related to Castelfranco Veneto at Wikimedia Commons