Castellammare del Golfo

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Castellammare del Golfo
Comune
Comune di Castellammare del Golfo
Castellammare del Golfo 2013.JPG
Coat of arms of Castellammare del Golfo
Coat of arms
Castellammare del Golfo is located in Italy
Castellammare del Golfo
Castellammare del Golfo
Location of Castellammare del Golfo in Italy
Coordinates: 38°2′N 12°53′E / 38.033°N 12.883°E / 38.033; 12.883
Country Italy
Region Sicily
Province Trapani (TP)
Frazioni Balata di Baida, Scopello, Guidaloca, Fraginesi, Lu Baruni
Government
 • Mayor Nicola Rizzo
Area
 • Total 127.32 km2 (49.16 sq mi)
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (28 February 2017)
 • Total 15,293
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Castellammaresi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code 91014
Balata di Baida: 91010
Dialing code 0924
Patron saint Maria SS. del Soccorso
Saint day August 21
Website Official website

Castellammare del Golfo (Sicilian: Casteddammari; Latin: Emporium Segestanorum / Emporium Aegestensium) is a town and Municipality in the Trapani Province of Sicily. The name can be translated as "Sea Fortress on the Gulf", stemming from the medieval fortress in the harbor. The nearby body of water conversely takes its name from the town, and is known as Gulf of Castellammare.

Heading upwards from its marina/harbour called "Cala Marina", with many restaurants and bars, the urban plan is made of steps and winding streets that lead to Piazza Petrolo in one direction or towards the main central gardens, where the town center lies with many shops, cafes and restaurants. The main street is called Corso Garibaldi. Castellammare del Golfo has been described as probably having the most beautiful peninsula in all of Sicily.

History[edit]

According to the opinion of historians and geographers such as Ptolemy, Diodorus Siculus and Strabo, Castellammare del Golfo was born as Emporium Segestanorum, port of Segesta, a nearby city which shared the same ordeals until its fall. The Arabs occupied Castellammare del Golfo from 827 AD, and called it "Al Madarig", which means "The Steps", probably due to an uphill steep street leading from the harbour to the area of the fortified bastion. It was the Arabs who first built the castle fortress, later enlarged by the Normans. The Arab building rose on a rocky outcrop near the sea, linked to the mainland by a wooden drawbridge.[1]

Fishing has been important in Castellammare del Golfo since ancient times. Today the town's economy continues to be based on fishing with the addition of tourism.

The small town is also noted for having been the birthplace of many American Mafia figures, including Sebastiano DiGaetano, Salvatore Maranzano, Stefano Magaddino, Vito Bonventre, John Tartamella, and Joseph Bonanno. This is the origin of the Castellamarese war, fought by the Masseria clan against the Maranzano clan for the control of the Italian Mafia in New York City.

In the past twenty years Castellammare del Golfo has become an important tourist location as it is conveniently situated between Palermo and Trapani.

Nearby places[edit]

Nearby places include Segesta, with its Doric temple and an amphitheater where performances are still held.

From Castellammare del Golfo you can take a boat trip departing from Cala Marina to the Egadi Islands situated in front of Trapani.

To the east, the gulf of Castellammare has a stretch of 30 kilometres (19 mi) of white sandy beaches.

Films[edit]

Castellammare del Golfo has also been a location for various films, including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]