Castelloza

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Castelloza in a 13th-century chansonnier, Recueil des poésies des troubadours

Na[a] Castelloza (fl. early 13th century) was a noblewoman and trobairitz from Auvergne.

Life[edit]

Castelloza in a 13th-century chansonnier, Chansonnier provençal

According to her later vida, Castelloza was the wife of Turc de Mairona, probably the lord of Meyronne.[1] Turc's ancestors had participated in a Crusade around 1210 or 1220, which was the origin of his name (meaning "Turk").[1] She was reputed to have been in love with Arman de Brion, a member of the house of Bréon and of greater social rank than her, about whom she wrote several songs.[1] Her vida records her to have been "very gay", "very learned", and "very beautiful".[1] Only three—perhaps four if recents scholarship is accepted—of her songs (all cansos) survive, all without music.[2] This, however, makes her at least the second most prolific of trobairitz in terms of surviving works: only Beatriz de Dia certainly has more, with four cansos to her name.[3] The subject of all her poems is courtly love.

Compared with Beatriz de Dia, Castelloza is a more conservative poet. Her persona throughout her works is consistent and though she raises the tension between conditional and unconditional love she always remains committed to absolute fidelity.[4]

One scholar, Peter Dronke, has seen Castelloza's songs as forming a lyric cycle.[5]

List of works[edit]

  • Ja de chantar non degra aver talan
  • Amics, s'ie.us trobes avinen
  • Mout avetz faich lonc estatge
  • Per joi que d'amor m'avegna (disputed)

Notes[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Na is an honorific meaning "Lady" in Occitan.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Vidas, p. 26.
  2. ^ Coldwell, "Castelloza".
  3. ^ Bruckner, 871.
  4. ^ Bruckner, 877.
  5. ^ Bruckner, 884.

Works cited[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gravdal, Kathryn. "Mimicry, Metonymy, and 'Women's Song': the Medieval Women Trobairitz." Romanic Review, 83:4 (1992:Nov.) pp. 411–427.
  • Paden, William D., Jr. "The Poems of the 'Trobairitz' Na Castelloza." Romance Philology, 35:1 (1981:Aug.), pp. 158–182.
  • Schutz, A. H. "Where Were the Provençal 'Vidas' and 'Razos' Written?" Modern Philology, Vol. 35, No. 3. (Feb., 1938), pp. 225–232.
  • Shapiro, Marianne. "The Provençal Trobairitz and the Limits of Courtly Love." Signs, Vol. 3, No. 3. (Spring, 1978), pp. 560–571.
  • Weiss, Julian. "Lyric Sequences in the Cantigas d'amigo." Bulletin of Hispanic Studies, 65:1 (1988:Jan.), pp. 21–38.