|Comune di Castelvecchio Subequo|
|• Mayor||Pietro Salutari|
|• Total||19.23 km2 (7.42 sq mi)|
|Elevation||490 m (1,610 ft)|
|Population (30 June 2017)|
|• Density||49/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. John the Baptist|
|Saint day||24 June|
Ancient Superaequum was a town of the Paeligni, one of the three which possessed municipal rights, and among which the territory of that people was divided. Hence it is mentioned both by Pliny and in the Liber Coloniarum, where it is termed Colonia Superaequana. It received a colony of veterans, probably under Augustus, to which a fresh body of colonists was added in the reign of Marcus Aurelius. The name is not mentioned by any other author, but several inscriptions attest its municipal importance.
After the conquest of southern Italy by the Lombards, it was known as Onuffolo or Nuffoli, returning to its former name under the Normans. It accrued its other name (originally Castelvetere, meaning "old fort") later in the Middle Ages.
It is on a hill on the right bank of the Aterno river, and about 7 kilometres (4 mi) on the left of the Via Valeria. Its territory probably comprised the hilly district between that road and the Aternus.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.
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