Castilleja miniata

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Castilleja miniata
Castilleja miniata 4898.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Orobanchaceae
Genus: Castilleja
Species: C. miniata
Binomial name
Castilleja miniata
Dougl. ex Hook.

Castilleja elata
Castilleja gracillima
Castilleja uliginosa

Castilleja miniata is a species of Indian paintbrush known by the common name giant red Indian paintbrush. It is native to western North America from Alaska to Ontario to California to New Mexico, where it grows usually in moist places in a wide variety of habitat types.


This wildflower is a perennial herb growing up to about 80 centimeters tall, slender and green to dark purple in herbage color. The lance-shaped leaves are 3 to 6 centimeters long, pointed, and coated in thin hairs. The inflorescence is made up of bright red to pale orange or orange-tipped bracts. Between the bracts emerge the yellow-green, red-edged tubular flowers.


There are three subspecies of this plant:

  • C. m. ssp. dixonii - limited to the west coast from Alaska to Oregon
  • C. m. ssp. elata (Siskiyou Indian paintbrush) - rare subspecies limited to the Klamath Mountains in Northern California and Southern Oregon
  • C. m. ssp. miniata - the common, widespread subspecies

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