Morro Castle (fortress)

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This article is about the fortress in Havana. For other places, see El Morro.
View from La Cabaña

Morro Castle (Spanish: Castillo de los Tres Reyes Magos del Morro), named after the three biblical Magi, is a fortress guarding the entrance to Havana bay in Havana, Cuba. The design was drawn up by the Italian engineer Juan Bautista Antonelli; originally under the control of Spain, the fortress was captured by the British in 1762, and was returned to the Spanish under treaty terms a year later.[1]

Havana Bay, c. 1639. by Johannes Vingboons

The Morro fortress in Havana shares its name with structures in Santiago de Cuba and the Castillo de San Felipe del Morro in San Juan, Puerto Rico. In this case, the Spanish "morro" means a rock which is very visible from the sea and therefore serves as a navigational landmark.[2] Perched on the promontory on the opposite side of the harbor from Old Havana, it can be viewed from miles around as it dominates the port entrance. Built initially in 1589 in response to raids on Havana harbor, el Morro protected the mouth of the harbor with a chain being strung out across the water to the fort at La Punta.

Appearances in culture[edit]

Art[edit]

Morro Castle can be seen in the background of John Singleton Copley's oil painting Watson and the Shark (1778).

Film[edit]

Morro Castle appears in the movie The Ghost Breakers (1940), in the background as Bob Hope and Paulette Goddard enter the harbor by ship.

The climactic scenes from The Big Boodle (1957) starring Errol Flynn were shot at Morro Castle in pre-Castro Cuba.

During his life, the Castro regime imprisoned the Cuban poet and novelist Reinaldo Arenas (1943-1990) at El Morro Castle for criticism of the government. The film version of Arenas's autobiography, Before Night Falls (2000), starring Javier Bardem, features scenes set in El Morro Castle prison. (A fortress in Mexico City doubled for the prison, since the filmmakers were not allowed to film in Cuba.)

Publications[edit]

The Cuban writer José Antonio Echeverría (1815-1885) published his only novel, Antonelli (1839), in the periodical La Cartera Cubana in three parts.[3] An historical novel in the tradition of Walter Scott, Antonelli describes the love triangle among Antonelli, a Spanish soldier, and the planter's daughter they both love. Morro Castle is the setting for many of the book's events, including its tragic finale.

Video games[edit]

Morro Castle appears in the Havana level of the PlayStation game Driver 2, and is fully accessible.

It appears also in the video game Assassin's Creed IV.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Castillo de los Tres Reyes Magos del Morro in Havana – Cuba". Tourist Spots Around the World. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  2. ^ http://buscon.rae.es/draeI/ Morro: Monte o peñasco escarpado que sirve de marca a los navegantes en la costa
  3. ^ Cairo, Ana. Prologue. Antonelli. La Habana: Editorial Letras Cubanas, 2005. 5-12.

Coordinates: 23°09′01.67″N 82°21′23.99″W / 23.1504639°N 82.3566639°W / 23.1504639; -82.3566639