Castle, Bedford

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Castle
Bedford Shopping Centre - Feb 2004.jpg
Bedford town centre, in Castle Ward
Castle is located in Bedfordshire
Castle
Castle
Castle shown within Bedfordshire
Population 8,259 [1]
7,113 (2011 Census. Ward)[2]
OS grid reference TL052498
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BEDFORD
Postcode district MK40, MK42
Dialling code 01234
Police Bedfordshire
Fire Bedfordshire and Luton
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bedfordshire
52°08′13″N 0°27′46″W / 52.13691°N 0.46287°W / 52.13691; -0.46287Coordinates: 52°08′13″N 0°27′46″W / 52.13691°N 0.46287°W / 52.13691; -0.46287

Castle is an electoral ward and area of Bedford, Bedfordshire, England.

The boundaries of Castle Ward are approximately Bromham Road and Goldington Road to the north, Denmark Street and George Street to the east, Rope Walk to the south, with the Midland Main Line railway line and Ashburnam Road to the west.

Castle Ward includes almost all of Bedford town centre, as well as the eastern section of the Castle Road neighbourhood. Castle is the only Ward in the town of Bedford to be located on both sides of the River Great Ouse.

In common usage the 'Castle' area is often synonymous with the Castle Road neighbourhood.[3] Since local government boundary changes in Bedford in 2011, however, the Castle Road neighbourhood has been split between Castle Ward and Newnham Ward.

History[edit]

The name 'Castle' comes from Bedford Castle which is located in the ward. William II granted the Barony of Bedford to Paine de Beauchamp who built the castle. The Castle was destroyed in 1224 by Henry III. In 1166 The town of Bedford was given a Charter. This was when Bedford Market was founded, and it is still held in Castle Ward.

To the south of the river, Cauldwell Priory was built in the area by Franciscan Friars in 1238.[4] The priory included a leper colony dedicated to St Leonard. The priory was dissolved by King Henry VIII in 1541, and around this time a new bridge was built over the River Great Ouse, and the town of Bedford began to expand to the south of the river. The river became navigable as far as Bedford by 1689.[5] Up until this time, Bedford was a small agricultural town, with wool being an important industry in the area for much of the Middle Ages. However, with the opening up of the River Great Ouse, wool declined in importance and brewing became a major industry in the town.[6]

In 1660 John Bunyan was imprisoned for 12 years in Bedford Gaol, which was located in present-day Castle Ward. It was here that he wrote The Pilgrim's Progress.

The 19th Century saw Bedford transform into an important engineering hub. In 1832 Gas lighting was introduced into the area that is now Castle Ward, and the railway reached Bedford in 1846. Bedford's Corn Exchange was built in the area in 1849, and the first drains and sewers were dug in 1864. Bedford's growth in the 19th century saw the Castle area expand along the river to the east.[6]

After the Second World War, the Cauldwell Street neighbourhood of terraced houses was demolished, making way for new offices and public buildings, including headquarters for Bedford College and Bedfordshire County Council.

Bedford Borough Hall in Castle

Governance[edit]

Castle is an unparished area, with all community services under the direct control of Bedford Borough Council. Castle elects two councillors to Bedford Borough Council, one of whom is currently from the Conservative Party and the other is currently from the Labour Party.

Economy[edit]

Virtually all of the Bedford's central business district is located in Castle Ward, with many major High Street shops being located here. The main shopping areas of note are the High Street which includes a Debenhams Department Store, a Wilkinson store, banks, many pubs, nightclubs and restaurants. The Harpur Centre is Bedford's main shopping centre. Branches of Boots, TK Maxx, Primark, Argos and various other stores are located here. Located in the eastern section of the Castle Road neighbourhood there are a host of smaller independent shops and community stores.[7]

Many of Bedford's central amenities are located in Castle Ward, including Bedford's main post office, market, magistrates court, police station, Bedford bus station and Bedford railway station. Two of Bedford's largest hotels are located in the Ward - The Swan Hotel on the High Street,[8] and the Bedford Park Inn situated across the river on St Mary's Street.[9]

Bedford College in Castle Ward

Also south of the river, there are a few more shops located around the St Mary's Street/St John's Street/Cauldwell Street area. It is here that Bedford College is located, as well as a Farmfoods store. Bedford Borough Hall, the administrative headquarters of Bedford Borough Council is also located here.[10]

Education[edit]

Priory Lower School is located on Greyfriars,[11] while Castle Newnham School has a campus for lower school age pupils situated on Goldington Road. For secondary school education Bedford Free School is located on Cauldwell Street, though many Castle students attend either Biddenham International School or Castle Newnham School.

Bedford Girls' School is an independent school for girls aged 7–18, located on Cardington Road in Castle Ward. The school is part of the Harpur Trust.[12]

Bedford College has its main site on Cauldwell Street, and offers a range of further education courses including GCSEs, A Levels, Apprenticeships and Access courses.[13]

Religious sites[edit]

St. Paul's Church is in Castle Ward

There are many places of worship in Castle Ward, some of which serve the entire Bedford area -

Community facilities[edit]

The main open space in the Castle area is Russell Park and the Embankment of the River Great Ouse. The Bedford Corn Exchange, The Higgins Art Gallery & Museum and Esquires (a live music venue) are also located in Castle Ward.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics. "Neighbourhood Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  2. ^ "Bedford Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  3. ^ "Castle Residents Association". 2015-07-09. Retrieved 2015-07-09. 
  4. ^ "Bedford - Victorian Super Sleuth Quiz 1 Extra - Bedfordshire's Virtual Library". Galaxy.bedfordshire.gov.uk. 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  5. ^ "'History of Bedford'". Bedford.gov.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  6. ^ a b http://www.localhistories.org/bedford.html 'A brief history of Bedford' by Tim Lambert
  7. ^ http://comearoundtobedford.moonfruit.com/ 'Featured Business'
  8. ^ "'Town Centre Guide'". 
  9. ^ "Park Inn, Bedford". Comearoundtobedford.moonfruit.com. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  10. ^ http://www.bedford.gov.uk/ Bedford Borough Council
  11. ^ Priory Lower School
  12. ^ "Welcome to Bedford Girls' School | Welcome to Bedford Girls' School |". Bedfordgirlsschool.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  13. ^ http://www.bedford.ac.uk/ Bedford College
  14. ^ http://www.stpaulschurchbedford.org.uk/ St Paul's Church
  15. ^ http://www.bedfordspiritualistchurch.org/ Bedford Spiritualist Church
  16. ^ "Mount Zion Church". Cambonli01.uuhost.uk.uu.net. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  17. ^ http://www.rutlandroadchurch.org/ Rutland Road Church
  18. ^ http://www.miraclecogic.org/ The Miracle of God in Christ Church
  19. ^ a b http://bedfordmuslims.co.uk/ Bedford & Castle Mosques
  20. ^ http://www.bedfordpentecostal.org/ Bedford Pentecostal Church
  21. ^ http://www.bedfordcongresshall.co.uk/ Bedford Salvation Army Congress Hall
  22. ^ Bunyan Meeting Free Church & Museum Archived January 2, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ "Polish Church of Sacred Heart of Jesus & St Cuthbert". Ppb.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  24. ^ http://www.panacea-society.org/ The Panacea Society
  25. ^ http://www.acts-online.com/ St John's & St Leonard's Church
  26. ^ "Southside Church". Southside Church. Retrieved 2012-08-06. 
  27. ^ http://www.kingsarms.org/ The Kings Arms Church

External links[edit]