Castle Cove, New South Wales
Sydney, New South Wales
Innisfallen Castle as seen from Middle Cove
|Population||2,554 (2016 census)|
|• Density||1,110/km2 (2,880/sq mi)|
|Area||2.3 km2 (0.9 sq mi)|
|Location||11 km (7 mi) from CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Willoughby|
Castle Cove is a suburb on the lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Castle Cove is located 11 kilometres north of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Willoughby. Castle Cove is situated on the western side of Middle Harbour.
It is believed that Castle Cove was named after the estate of Henry Hastings Willis, a prominent member of the Parliament of New South Wales at the time.
In 1858 the first grant purchase was made to Dr H. G. Alleyne. By 1878 almost all the land on the peninsula had been sold. In 1886 most of the area had been resold to Andrew Armstrong who formed the Cammeray Estate Land Company, which went into liquidation in 1893. In 1903-04 the Willis family built “Innisfallen Castle” a grand, castle-like house. They had purchased 21 hectares (52 acres) from Dr Alleyne on a default mortgage and used the land for light farming.
In 1958 the Hooker Corporation acquired a controlling interest in Walter Burley Griffin’s company, The Greater Sydney Development Association, which had owned most of Castlecrag, Middle Harbour and Castle Cove. From 1956 to 1970 Castle Cove was developed by Headland Developments and Hooker-Rex Estates.
Around 1985, the descendants of Henry Willis attempted to subdivide the land around the Castle, to be used for construction of several town houses, and turn the Castle into a wedding reception centre. As the land earmarked for the town houses was previously donated to the Castle owners by the government to enhance the Castle grounds, it was felt that profiting from this was inappropriate. As a result, Willoughby Council rejected the rezoning required to build the townhouses. Permission to run a business from the Castle was also rejected. The Castle owners then sold the property for approx $4 million, via an onsite public auction.
Castle Cove has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
According to the 2016 census, there were 2,554 residents in Castle Cove. 60.8% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were China 7.1% and England 4.5%. 67.4% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Cantonese 8.3% and Mandarin 7.5%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 30.6%, Catholic 25.6% and Anglican 16.8%.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Castle Cove (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- Fact Sheet 2 Castle Cove. Willoughby City Council. May 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
- "Innisfallen Castle and Grounds". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00404. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8
- Castle Cove/Middle Cove, Willoughby City Council – community profile
- Castle Cove Public School
- New South Wales Department of Education and Training School Locator – Castle Cove Public School
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