Castle Junction

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Castle Junction is located in Alberta
Castle Junction
Castle Junction
Location of Castle Junction in Alberta

Castle Junction, also known as the locale of Castle Mountain, is a highway junction where the north extent of the Windermere Highway (Highway 93) intersects with the Trans-Canada Highway (Highway 1), the Bow River, the historic CPR rail line, and Highway 1A in Banff National Park, Alberta. It is named after the nearby Castle Mountain, clearly visible from the junction.

Work started here in 1910 on the Auto Route of the Great Divide, a project to build a highway across the Rocky Mountains, when construction began on a road from Castle Junction to Banff. Following an interruption caused by the outbreak of World War I, construction wrapped up between 1920 and 1922 when the newly constructed road between Calgary and Banff was joined to the Windermere Highway via the road between Castle Junction and Banff.[1]

Prime Minister Mackenzie King changed the name of Castle Mountain to Mount Eisenhower in 1946 to honour the World War II general Dwight D. Eisenhower.[2] Correspondingly, Castle Junction was called Eisenhower Junction. Castle Mountain was officially restored to its original name in 1979, at which time Eisenhower Junction was also renamed Castle Junction.[3]

A group of lodges and the Castle Mountain campground are located within a kilometre of the junction. Several hiking trails are available in the vicinity. The trailhead for hikes to Silverton Falls and Rockbound Lake is located approximately 200 metres east of Castle Junction.[4] The remains of Silver City, a 19th-century settlement founded by prospectors at the base of Castle Mountain, are located nearby.[5] Also nearby is the site of the Castle Mountain Internment Camp used during World War I.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liddell, Ken (1953-06-24). "Mountain Road Built to Fit the Contour". Calgary Herald. Calgary, Alberta. p. 14. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  2. ^ "Majestic Mount Eisenhower Is Home of Chinook Wind, Legend Claims". Ottawa Citizen. Ottawa, Ontario. 1946-01-11. p. 19. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  3. ^ "It's Castle Mountain Again". Milwaukee Sentinel. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 1979-11-27. p. 2 (Part 3). Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  4. ^ "Hiking Trails in the Castle Junction Area". Parks Canada. 2009-11-15. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  5. ^ Luxton, Eleanor Georgina (2008). Banff: Canada's First National Park (2 ed.). Summerthought Publishing. pp. 56–57. ISBN 9780978237547. 

Coordinates: 51°16′07″N 115°55′09″W / 51.26861°N 115.91917°W / 51.26861; -115.91917 (Castle Junction)