Castle Point (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Castle Point in Essex
Location of Essex within England
|Population||88,011 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||64,562 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Canvey Island, South Benfleet|
|Member of Parliament||Rebecca Harris (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South East Essex|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
This seat was created for the 1983 general election from the former seat of South East Essex. It comprised the District of Castle Point which was formed from the former Urban Districts of Canvey Island and Benfleet and includes Canvey Island, Hadleigh, South Benfleet, and Thundersley.
In all but one election, it has been won by a Conservative candidate, passing to Labour once, in the 1997 election. The former MP defeated in 1997, Bob Spink, regained the seat in 2001. He was re-elected in 2005 but subsequently resigned from the Conservative Party on 22 April 2008. Spink briefly joined UKIP, but resigned the whip shortly afterwards and sat as an Independent MP. In the 2010 election, Spink lost in Castle Point to the Conservative candidate, Rebecca Harris.
After the 2017 election Castle Point has the largest Conservative majority of any constituency to have elected a Labour MP in the 1997–2010 government, at 42.2%.
Since its creation, the Castle Point constituency has been contiguous with the boundaries of the district council of the same name. The seat is one of only a very few that were unchanged by the boundary reviews which came into effect in 1997 and 2010, having seen population growth in line with the average seat (which is slightly larger), including development in the designated development plans of the Thames Gateway.
Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
The Commission has recommended that the two wards comprising the town of Pitsea in the Borough of Basildon be transferred from South Basildon and East Thurrock, with two wards comprising the town of Hadleigh be transferred to Southend West (to be renamed Southend West and Hadleigh).
The seat is coterminous with the Castle Point local authority, taking its name from Hadleigh Castle and Canvey Point, and covering the Canvey Island at the seaside end of the Thames Estuary plus a segment of the adjoining mainland.
In 2001, Castle Point was characterised by skilled manual workers, commuters and the self-employed. Levels of home and car ownership in Hadleigh and Canvey were very high while social deprivation was relatively low.
Of all the constituencies of the UK, it has one of the lowest levels of graduates.
Members of Parliament
|1983||Sir Bernard Braine||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||John Howson||2,969||6.7||+4.4|
This was the largest Conservative vote share at the 2019 general election.
|Liberal Democrats||Tom Holder||1,049||2.3||+0.6|
|UKIP||Jamie Huntman ||14,178||31.2||+31.2|
|Labour||Joe Cooke ||6,283||13.8||−0.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Sereena Davey ||801||1.8||−7.6|
|Independent Save Our Green Belt||Bob Spink||12,174||27.0||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Brendan D'Cruz||4,232||9.4||−0.9|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||James Sandbach||4,719||10.3||+2.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Billy Boulton||3,116||7.8||−1.4|
|Truth Party||Nik Searle||223||0.6||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||2.4|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Michael Baker||4,477||9.2||−9.9|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+17.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Allan Petchey||10,208||19.2||−1.9|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Anne Bastow||10,433||21.1||−3.7|
|Social Democratic||Anne Bastow||11,313||24.8||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Castle Point: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Ex-Tory MP Spink defects to UKIP". BBC News. 22 April 2008.
- "Tory? UKIP? Now I'm just an inde says MP Bob". Echo.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Archived from the original on 2019-02-15.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
- Kelly, Jon (June 27, 2016). "Was there a Brexit graduate gap?" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Castle Point 1983-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)
- "Castle Point Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
- "Castle Point". Election 2017. BBC News. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Castle Point parliamentary constituency - Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Cllr Jamie Huntman". UKIP Essex. 12 July 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
- "UK ELECTION RESULTS: CASTLE POINT 2015".
- "Candidates". Eastern Green Party. Archived from the original on 2015-03-11. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "List of selected candidates". Liberal Democrats. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2010-05-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Castle Point". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Castle Point — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Cardiff South and Penarth
| Constituency represented by the Father of the House
Old Bexley and Sidcup