Castle Solitude

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Castle Solitude
Schloss Solitude
Baden-Württemberg's Coat of Arms
Baden-Württemberg's Coat of Arms
The front of the palace
Castle Solitude
Location in Baden-Württemberg
Location in Baden-Württemberg
Castle Solitude
Location in Baden-Württemberg
Etymology Solitude (French: Loneliness), the lonely Schloss
General information
Status Complete
Type Schloss
Architectural style

Rococo

Neoclassic[1]
Classification Palace
Location Gerlingen, Baden-Württemberg
Country Germany
Coordinates 48°47′13″N 9°05′03″E / 48.78694°N 9.08417°E / 48.78694; 9.08417Coordinates: 48°47′13″N 9°05′03″E / 48.78694°N 9.08417°E / 48.78694; 9.08417
Construction started 1764
Completed 1769
Renovated 1972 - 1983
Design and construction
Architect

Johann Friedrich Weyhing

Philippe de La Guêpière[1]
Known for Housing the Karlsschule
Website
www.schloss-solitude.de/en/home/

Castle Solitude (French: Loneliness) is a Rococo Schloss (German: palace) (thus not a true castle) and hunting retreat commissioned by Duke Charles Eugene and designed by Johann Friedrich Weyhing and Philippe de La Guêpière. Construction began in 1764 and ended in 1769. Since 1956 the area is part of the urban district of Stuttgart-West despite the castle being located just south of the town of Gerlingen. Solitude is located on an elongated ridge between the towns of Leonberg, Gerlingen and Stuttgart. The castle offers views to the north over the towns of Weilimdorf, Korntal and Ludwigsburg and the Württemberg lowlands around Ludwigsburg.[1]

On April 1, 1942, Schloss Solitude was incorporated into Stuttgart. Since 1956, Schloss Solitude has been part of Stuttgart-West.

History[edit]

The construction period was characterized by political and financial adversity. The Schloss was commissioned Duke Charles Eugene as a refugium, a place of quiet reflection and solitude (he had recently made the questionable decision to take Württemberg into the Seven Years' War on the losing side against Prussia).[citation needed] The Duke hired a commission of architects led by Philippe de La Guêpière and planning began in 1763.[1] Problems arose, however: money from the Duke was running low (construction costs were already exceeding what the Duchy had allocated), and construction stalled.[2] Further political struggles between the Duke and influential Stuttgart land barons led to the Duke temporarily abandoning Stuttgart in favor of the palace in Ludwigsburg. The Duke shifted his attention to Hohenheim in 1775.[citation needed] In the long run, the castle was prohibitively expensive to keep just as a temporary residence.[citation needed]

A high school was founded inside the palace in 1770 and the Karlsschule (German: Karl's high school) established a school and orphanage for studying military practice and the arts in Castle Solitude (Later, it would become a university where children of the elite could study military practice and the arts)[3][citation needed] High maintenance costs led to the closure of the school following the Duke's death in the late 18th century.[citation needed]

Solitude was abandoned in the 20th Century, the gardens fell into disrepair, and the ceiling frescoes by Nicolas Guibal were largely destroyed by water damage.[citation needed] Between 1972 and 1983, the Federal Republic of Germany renovated the castle and the frescoes were restored.[1] From May 1968 to 1986, was located in today's academy building an autonomous dorm. Many of the residents were musicians, actors and dancers, were added social workers, architects and engineers. They got together and organized concerts, jazz sessions, dance theater and other art projects.[citation needed] Professor K.R.H. Sonderborg from the Stuttgart Art Academy, the conductor Manfred Schreier and the actress Bettina copper were frequent guests.[citation needed]

Current use[edit]

Since 1990, the annexed buildings (Officen and Kavaliers-buildings) have housed the Akademie Schloss Solitude.[citation needed] The Kavaliers building incorporates living quarters for students.[citation needed]

Here too is Graevenitz Museum housed. It displays works by the Stuttgart sculptor Fritz von Graevenitz (1892-1959)

Race track[edit]

After 1903, Castle Solitude was the finishing point of hill races. In later years, the grounds of the castle served as a hostel for drivers. From 1935 to 1965, the 11.3-kilometre (7.0 mi) Solituderennen course south of the castle was used for World Championship motorcycle Grand Prix racing. From 1961 to 1965, a series of non-championship Formula 1 races were also held on the same weekends, welcoming drivers such as John Surtees, Jim Clark, Dan Gurney and Jack Brabham. In their heyday, the Solitude races attracted crowds of 288,000 spectators, but they were discontinued in 1966.

Architecture[edit]

Castle Solitude was designed by a working group at the ducal court under the guidance of Philippe de La Guêpière with active input from Duke Karl Eugen and master craftsmen. Its exterior is typical Rococo. On the inside, however, the style is characteristic of classicism: instead of the irregular lively forms typical of Rococo, the proportions of the rooms and wall are typically classical in design.

Solitude avenue

Solitude avenue[edit]

The northern main gate of the castle marks the beginning of Solitudeallee, a partially tree-lined straight avenue leads directly to Ludwigsburg over 13 kilometres (8 mi). Duke Karl-Eugen commissioned the building of the avenue from 1764 to 1768 as a connecting route to the residence palace in Ludwigsburg. The avenue, which is still largely intact today, leads via Stuttgart-Weilimdorf past Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen and Stuttgart-Stammheim. Only in Weilimdorf, where it intersects the main street, and in Ludwigsburg, where it is interrupted by the railway, are there minor irregularities. According to a plaque inside the castle, the avenue served as the baseline for the Württemberg land survey of 1820 and measures exactly 40,118.718 Paris feet or 13,032.14 metres (42,756.4 ft).

In 2003, a revival competition was staged in and around the castle with former competitors and ex-world champions such as Giacomo Agostini. A rally to commemorate the 50th anniversary of races was held in 2004.

Suburb[edit]

The area of Castle Solitude first belonged to Weilimdorf. After the middle of the 19th century it belonged to Gerlingen until the 31st of March 1942, at which point it was assigned to the suburb of Botnang before being integrated into the district of Stuttgart-West in 1956.

Trivia[edit]

  • The most notable alumni to attend the Karlsschule at Solitude was Friedrich Schiller. It was here that a young Schiller turned his life around and discovered Poetry.[4]
  • Schiller's father, Johann Caspar Schiller, was also enrolled at the Karlsschule. He served as the Head Gardner of the Ducal palace.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e http://www.schloss-solitude.de/en/home/
  2. ^ Zimdars, Dagmar (1993). Georg Dehio: Handbuch der Deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Baden-Württemberg I. Berlin and Munich: Deutscher Kunstverlag. p. 753. ISBN 3-422-03024-7. 
  3. ^ Schwarz, Jürgen (2004). Schiller kennen lernen. Lichtenau. pp. 6–9. 
  4. ^ Schubert-Felmy, Barbara (1999). Die Räuber und andere Räubergeschichten. Schöningh. p. 217. ISBN 3-506-22284-8. 
  5. ^ See this letter from Johann to Friedrich: "Dearest son! [...] In addition to that, I am currently writing to inquire about your well being and give you news that our former Director, Mr. Cammer [Johann Christoph] Dertinger; next time, come to Mannheim and inquire there for him. He is one of my best friends, and I have known him for 33 years filled with much friendship. [d. i. Duke Charles II. Eugen of Württemberg] proposed to my local field. " Schiller's works. National Edition , Vol. 33, Part 1, Ed. Siegfried Seidel, Weimar 1989, p 9 F.- See. To ibid notes, Vol. 33, Part 2. Ed. By Georg Kurscheidt. Weimar 1998, pp 100 et seq .; to the register.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Zimdars, Dagmar (1993). Georg Dehio: Handbuch der Deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Baden-Württemberg I. Berlin and Munich: Deutscher Kunstverlag. p. 753. ISBN 3-422-03024-7. 
  • Schwarz, Jürgen (2004). Schiller kennen lernen. Lichtenau. pp. 6–9. 
  • Schubert-Felmy, Barbara (1999). Die Räuber und andere Räubergeschichten. Schöningh. p. 217. ISBN 3-506-22284-8. 

External links[edit]