|Town of Caledon|
Highway 10 through Caledon
|Regional municipality||Peel Region|
|Established||January 1, 1974|
|• Mayor||Allan Thompson (List)|
|• Governing Body||Caledon Town Council|
|• MP||David Tilson (CPC)|
|• MPP||Sylvia Jones (PC)|
|• Land||688.15 km2 (265.70 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||485 m (1,591 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||221 m (725 ft)|
|• Density||86.4/km2 (224/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Forward sortation area||L7C, L7K|
|Area code(s)||905, 519|
Caledon (2011 population 59,460) is a town in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada. In terms of land use, Caledon is a developing urban area although it remains primarily rural. It consists of an amalgamation of a number of urban areas, villages, and hamlets; its major urban centre is Bolton, located on its eastern side adjacent to York Region.
Caledon is one of three municipalities of Peel Region. The town is located just northwest of the city of Brampton. At over 688 square km, Caledon is the largest city or town by area in the Greater Toronto Area.
Maclean's magazine has named Caledon the safest town in Canada to live in for two years running. However, local media reported in 2010 that crime rates have increased since the Maclean's article.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Government
- 4 Climate
- 5 Education
- 6 Culture
- 7 Communities
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Notable people
- 10 Travel Region
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
By 1869, Belfountain was a Village with a population of 100 in the Township of Caledon County Peel. It was established on the Credit River. There were stagecoaches to Erin and Georgetown. The average price of land was $20.
Caledon inherited the name from Caledon Township, Ontario, which was likely named by settlers, like Edward Ellis or by public voting. who came from the area around Caledon, County Tyrone in Northern Ireland.
According to the 2011 Canadian Census, the population of Caledon is 59,460, a 4.2% increase from 2006. The population density is 86.4 people per square km. The median age is 40.4 years old, basically on par with the national median at 40.6 years old. There are 19,649 private dwellings with an occupancy rate of 97.1%. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, the median value of a dwelling in Caledon is $474,087 which is significantly higher than the national average at $280,552. The median household income (after-taxes) in Caledon is $83,454, much higher than the national average at $54,089.
Caledon is mostly made up of persons of European descent. Other ethnic and "racial" make up of Caledon is:
- 3.5% South Asian; 3.4% Indian
- 2.0% Black; 1.6% Jamaican
- 1.0% East Asian; 0.1% Korean, 0.1% Japanese
- 0.3% Arab
- 0.2% West Asian
- 0.3% Multiracial; 7.1% including Metis
- 0.5% Other
Caledon has seen some migration of visible minorities in recent years. 4.97% of Caledon was a visible minority, of which the highest percent was of Blacks 30.74%, South Asians 27.94%, Chinese 8.38%, West Asian 7.19% and Latino 6.79%. Caledon also has small Arab, Japanese, Korean and Filipino populations.
|Source: Statistics Canada|
|Canada 2006 Census||Population||% of Total Population|
|Visible minority group
|Other visible minority||735||1.3|
|Total visible minority population||4,095||7.2|
|Total Aboriginal population||360||0.6|
According to the 2011 Census, 76.8% of the town's population have English as mother tongue; Italian is the mother tongue of 8.1% of the population, followed by Punjabi (1.6%), Portuguese (1.4%), German (1.3%), Polish (1.2%) and Spanish (1.2%).
Caledon is divided into five wards represented on town council by:
- Mayor Allan Thompson
- Area Councillor Ward 1 Doug Beffort
- Area Councillor Ward 2 Gord McClure
- Area Councillor Ward 3 & 4 Nick deBoer
- Area Councillor Ward 5 Rob Mezzapelli
and on regional council by:
- Mayor Allan Thompson
- Regional Councillor Ward 1 Barb Shaughnessy
- Regional Councillor Ward 2 Johanna Downey
- Regional Councillor Ward 3 & 4 Jennifer Innis
- Regional Councillor Ward 5 Annette Groves
Per capita, Caledon has by far the largest representation on Peel Regional Council among the three municipalities.
|Climate data for Albion Field Centre 1981–2010 (Albion Township and Caledon)|
|Record high °C (°F)||12.0
|Average high °C (°F)||−2.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−7.0
|Average low °C (°F)||−11.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−36.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||60.4
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||24.0
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||36.4
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)||12.4||9.4||9.6||10.8||10.3||10.2||9.0||9.8||10.8||11.3||12.1||9.8||125.5|
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)||3.3||3.6||5.2||9.9||10.3||10.2||9.0||9.8||10.8||11.2||9.3||3.7||96.2|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)||9.8||6.4||5.3||1.4||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.6||4.0||6.8||34.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||0.0||85.6||0.0||0.0||240.9||240.2||255.9||197.0||0.0||130.0||71.8||19.4||1,240.8|
|Percent possible sunshine||0.0||18.3||0.0||0.0||26.0||29.0||28.0||31.0||0.0||28.0||18.8||7.0||15.51|
|Source: Environment Canada|
The Peel District School Board operates secular Anglophone public schools. The Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board operates Catholic Anglophone public schools. The Conseil scolaire Viamonde operates secular Francophone schools serving the area. The Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud operates Catholic Francophone schools serving the area.
- Allan Drive Middle School (Bolton)
- Alloa Public School (Caledon)
- Alton Public School (Alton)
- Belfountain Public School (Belfountain)
- Bolton Montessori School (Private)
- Brampton Christian School (Private)
- Caledon Central Public School (Caledon Village)
- Caledon East Public School (Caledon East)
- Countryside Montessori and Private School
- Creative Children's Montessori School (Bolton)
- Credit View Public School (Cheltenham)
- Ellwood Memorial Public School (Bolton)
- Herb Campbell Public School (Campbell's Cross)
- Headwater Hills Montessori School (Private)
- Holy Family Elementary School (Bolton)
- Humberview Secondary School (Bolton)
- Huttonville Public School (Huttonville)
- King's College School (Private)
- James Bolton Public School (Bolton)
- Macville Public School (Bolton)
- Mayfield Secondary School (Caledon)
- Palgrave Public School (Palgrave)
- Pope John Paul II Elementary School (Bolton)
- Robert F. Hall Catholic Secondary School (Caledon East)
- SouthFields Village Public School (Southfields Village)
- St. Cornelius Elementary School (Caledon East)
- St. John the Baptist Elementary School (Bolton)
- St. Nicholas Elementary School (Bolton)
- St Michael Catholic Secondary School (Bolton)
Unlike Brampton and Mississauga, Caledon does not have any municipally-owned heritage attractions; its stories are told and its records are stored by the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives in downtown Brampton.
Established in 1888 as the Cardwell Observer, The Caledon Enterprise is published weekly from Bolton by Metroland Media. Also based out of Bolton is The Caledon Citizen, established in 1982. A MELINIUM paper, it is published by Caledon Publishing Ltd. A third newspaper was launched by Rick and Shelly Sargent in 2010: The Regional, published monthly in Bolton. In November 2012, this paper was acquired by Caledon Publishing and ceased publication. The Sargents began working with the Caledon Citizen.
In January 2015 an online publication, specific to Caledon, called JustSayinCaledon.com was started by former Bolton Ward 5 Regional Councillor Patti Foley. JustSayinCaledon.com publishes stories about local residents and businesses as well as Caledon event listings, Town Council highlights, opinion pieces, and a food section about local markets and restaurants.
A short-lived student-run newspaper, The Caledon Underground, existed as of 2010.
There are no television stations in Caledon, which is located with the broadcast area of stations in Greater Toronto Area and Hamilton.
History and trails
- Brick Work Ruins (Caledon)
- Bruce Trail (Caledon)
- Caledon Trailway (Caledon)
- Canadian Heritage Humber River (Caledon)
- Elora-Cataract Trail (Caledon)
- Grand Valley Trail (Caledon)
- Great War Flying Museum (Caledon)
- Humber Valley Trail (Caledon)
- Andrew's Treasure Trail (Caledon)
- Oak Ridges Trail (Caledon)
- Hair Pin Turn (Beside the Credit River)
- Caledon Central Public School
- Albion Hills Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Alton Forest Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Belfountain Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Caledon Lake Forest Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Cheltenham Badlands
- Forks of the Credit Provincial Park (Caledon)
- Glen Haffy Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Heart Lake Conservation Area (Brampton)
- Ken Whillans Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Palgrave Forest and Wildlife Area (Caledon)
- Robert Baker Forest Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Terra Cotta Conservation Area (Caledon)
- Warwick Conservation Area
Sports and recreation
Minor Hockey Teams include the Caledon Hawks and Caledon Coyotes
Lacrosse in the Town of Caledon is represented by the Caledon Vaughan Minor Lacrosse Association which operates Minor Field and both Minor and Junior C. Box Teams
Smaller communities in the town include Albion, Alloa, Alton, Belfountain, Boston Mills, Brimstone, Caledon, Caledon East, Caledon village, Campbell's Cross, Castlederg, Cataract, Cedar Meadows, Cedar Mills, Cheltenham, Claude, Coulterville, Ferndale, Forks of the Credit, The Grange, Humber, Humber Grove, Inglewood, Kilmanagh, Lockton, Mayfield West, Macville, Melville, McLeodville, Mono Mills, Mono Road, New Glasgow, Palgrave, Queensgate, Rockside, Rosehill, Sandhill, Silver Creek, Sleswick, Sligo, Snelgrove, Stonehart, Taylorwoods, Terra Cotta, Tormore, Valleywood and Victoria. The region is otherwise very sparsely populated with farms being the only residential centres.
The town runs its own fire services through the composite Career and volunteer firefighters of the Town of Caledon Fire & Emergency Services, which has nine stations.
Ambulance services are run by the regional government's Peel Regional Paramedic Services, with three stations.
GO Transit operates two bus routes in Caledon;
- serving Bolton, Ontario from Nobleton through Vaughan connecting with the Etobicoke North GO Station on the Georgetown line.
- serving Bolton, Ontario along Peel Regional Road 50 and through east Mississauga connecting with Malton GO Station on the Georgetown line.
- serving Orangeville and Brampton connecting with Brampton GO Station on the Georgetown line via Main Street/Highway 10.
It additionally has storage and service facilities in the town.
Brampton Transit recently extended Route 30 Airport Road into the Tullamore Industrial Area within the Town of Caledon, with a total of six trips per day.
The town currently has no government-supported local public transit system. However, growing population prompted former local resident Darren Parberry to start a trial bus service with two routes, called Métis Transit, which ran briefly in 2006. Caledon Township also ran a commercial bus operations in 1999 under the name Caledon Transit Incorporated, but it ceased operations due to low ridership.
Taxi service is also available in the Bolton, Ontario area.
The highways in the municipality are:
- Airport Road or Peel Regional Road 7
- Hurontario Street or Highway 10
- Charleston Sideroad or Peel Regional Road 24 (formerly Highway 24)
- Queen Street or Peel Regional Road 50 (formerly Highway 50)
- Main Street and Porterfield Road, or Peel Regional Road 136 (formerly Highway 136)
- Highway 410 to Highway 10
- Statistics Canada: 2012
- 43° 51' 44" N, 80° 8' 13" W, as per Google Earth
- 43° 49' 15" N, 79° 43' 34" W, as per Google Earth
- "Where you can't get away with anything". Macleans.ca - Canada - Features. Retrieved 2008-04-05.
- [dead link]
- The province of Ontario gazetteer and directory. H. McEvoy Editor and Compiler, Toronto : Robertson & Cook, Publishers, 1869
- "HERITAGE DESIGNATION REPORT : EDWARD ELLIS HOUSE" (PDF). Caledon.ca. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census subdivision". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- "Pickering, Ontario (City) Census Subdivision". Community Profiles, Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada.
- "Council". Caledon.ca. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- "Albion Field Centre". 1981-2010 Canadian Climate Normals. Environment Canada. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
- Heyes, Esther (1968). The Story of Albion (PDF) (2 ed.). Bolton ON: Bolton Enterprise. p. 323. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- "Caledon Enterprise". Metroland Media. Mississauga ON. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- "Cheltenham Twinning Association". Cheltenham Twinning Association.
- Wight, Annette. "Other Cheltenhams". Cheltenham.gov.uk. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- Other Cheltenhams Archived 2013-01-11 at Archive.is
- "Twinning Committee - Cheltenham, PA". Cheltenhamtownship.org. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- "Transit History of Ontario Communities (A-B)". Home.cc.umanitoba.ca. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
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