Castlerea

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Castlerea

Irish: An Caisleán Riabhach
Town
Skyline of Castlerea
Castlerea is located in Ireland
Castlerea
Castlerea
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°46′00″N 8°30′00″W / 53.7667°N 8.5°W / 53.7667; -8.5Coordinates: 53°46′00″N 8°30′00″W / 53.7667°N 8.5°W / 53.7667; -8.5
CountryIreland
ProvinceConnacht
CountyRoscommon
Elevation
82 m (269 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Urban
2,970
Irish Grid ReferenceM670797

Castlerea (/ˌkæsəlˈr/; Irish: An Caisleán Riabhach, meaning "brindled castle") is the second largest town in County Roscommon, Republic of Ireland. It is located in the west of the county and, as of 2016, has a population of 2,970.[1] Roughly translated from Irish, Castlerea can mean Brindled Castle (Caisleán Riabhach) or King's Castle (Caisleán ). The town is built on the banks of the River Suck and the River Francis, both of which are tributaries of the River Shannon.

History[edit]

Clonalis House, located in the west of Castlerea, is the ancestral home of the Clan O'Conor, the last of the High Kings of Ireland. The O'Conor dynasty produced eleven high kings of Ireland and twenty-four kings of Connacht.

Theophilus Sandford, a member of Oliver Cromwell's army in Ireland, received a large allocation of lands confiscated from the O'Connor family as part of the Act for the Settlement of Ireland 1652. This package included Castlerea.[2] Castlerea developed under the Sandfords, who established a distillery (at its height producing more than 20,000 of gallons of whiskey annually), a brewery, and a tannery. Sandford's descendants continued in power through the 19th century. The estate was later acquired by the Land Commission and the Congested Districts Board. The demesne in which it was set survives and is now enjoyed as a public park.

On 11 July 1921, Sergeant James King of the Royal Irish Constabulary was shot in Castlerea on St. Patrick Street and died of his wounds shortly afterward. The Truce of July 1921 was declared later that day, making Sergeant King the last casualty of the Irish War of Independence.[3]

Sport[edit]

Castlerea hosts the Castlerea Celtic, an association football team, and St. Kevin's, a Gaelic football club.

Education and industry[edit]

Castlerea's major employers include Supervalu, Harmac Medical Products, Colour Communications Europe, Finola Foods and Lidl. Film production house Round Edge Films is based in Ballingare within Castlerea.

The schools in the town are all located in the same area; they include two primary schools (St. Anne's Primary School and St. Paul's Primary School), St. Michael’s Special Needs School (which serves all ages), and Castlerea Community School (for second-level students). Castlerea Community School instructs approximately 500 students; It provides Leaving Certificate Applied classes as well as the Junior Certificate and Leaving Certificate state examinations. As of 2011, the school also offered Transition Year and two Post-Leaving Certificate courses (Business and Social Care).

Castlerea train station

Amenities[edit]

Amenities in the town include a nine-hole golf course, an outdoor swimming pool open to the public during summers, a library, a soccer pitch, a children's playground, a GAA pitch and a large public park. The GAA owns a squash court and a handball court in the town. The Neighbourhood Youth Project (NYP) is a social venue for teenagers in the town. St. Patrick's Church (estd.1896) is the Catholic Church of the town, and is administered by Fr. John McManus (as the Parish Priest) and Fr. Tensin Perera (as the Curate).

The Castlerea railway station opened on 15 November 1860.[4] The railway station connects to Dublin Heuston, Ballina and Westport.

Climate[edit]

Climate Table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average daily maximum temperature (°C) 10 11 12 14 18 20 23 23 19 16 12 11 15.75
Average daily minimum temperature (°C) −3 −2 0 1 4 7 9 8 6 3 0 0 2.75
Mean total rainfall (mm) 80 50 60 50 60 60 60 80 70 80 70 80 800
Source: Yahoo! Weather

People[edit]

Twinning[edit]

Castlerea is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Roscommon- Balancing urban and rural issues- Roscommon County Council
  2. ^ http://sandfordfamily.org.uk/theophilus-sandford/index.htm
  3. ^ Chronology of Irish History 1919 – 1923 Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Dublin City University
  4. ^ "Castlerea station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 7 September 2007.
  5. ^ John Grenham's website
  6. ^ Irish Times 'Irish Roots' column
  7. ^ Irish stars make it big in Britain[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]