Castleton, Derbyshire

Coordinates: 53°20′38″N 1°46′30″W / 53.344°N 1.775°W / 53.344; -1.775
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Castleton is located in Derbyshire
Location within Derbyshire
Population649 2001 UK census
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtS33
Dialling code01433
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
53°20′38″N 1°46′30″W / 53.344°N 1.775°W / 53.344; -1.775

Castleton is a village in the High Peak district of Derbyshire, England, at the western end of the Hope Valley on the Peakshole Water, a tributary of the River Noe, between the Dark Peak to the north and the White Peak to the south. The population was 642 at the 2011 Census.[1]


St Edmund's Church in a 1955 snowfall

Castleton village was mentioned as Pechesers in Domesday Book in 1086 where "Arnbiorn and Hundingr held the land of William Peverel's castle in Castleton".[2] This land and Peverel's castle were amongst the manors belonging to William Peverel that also included Bolsover and Glapwell.

St Edmund's Norman church was restored about 1837. It has late 13th-century tracery and an ashlar-faced Perpendicular tower. Its box pews are dated 1661, 1662, 1663 and 1676.[3]

A medieval leper hospital (the Hospital of Saint Mary in the Peak) is thought to have been on the eastern boundary of Castleton, though some locals believe it to have been just south of the Speedwell Cavern footpath from the village. University of Sheffield archaeologists are investigating 'Castle of the Peak', which was reputedly founded by the wife of one of the William Peverels before 1153, and continued until about the 1543 Dissolution. They say the earliest documents referring to Spital Field are a grant and a Charter from the early 14th century. They are also investigating the 12th-century planned town at the foot of the castle hill.[4] Castleton's medieval town defences are still evident in the village and are a Scheduled monument.[5]

Castleton had a long history of lead mining; the Odin Mine, one of the oldest lead mines in the country, is situated 1.5 kilometres (0.9 mi) west of the village (see also Derbyshire lead mining history). Researchers studying an ice core from a Swiss glacier have found that levels of lead air pollution across Europe during the period 1170–1216 was as high as those of the Industrial Revolution, and the principal source was Peak District mines such as Castleton and Wirksworth.[6][7][8] The mining created and enlarged local caverns, four of which are now open to the public as Peak Cavern, Blue John Cavern, Speedwell Cavern and Treak Cliff Cavern. A small amount of Blue John is mined locally, and sold in a number of local gift shops, one of which is located in the 17th-century tollhouse.[9]

Since the 1920s the main mineral industry in the area has been cement. Hope Cement Works is closer to Hope, but its quarry is closer to Castleton.[10] A war memorial stands in the Market Place, in memory of local residents that died during both World Wars.[11]


Castleton is situated between the gritstone plateau of the Dark Peak to the north and the gentler limestone scenery of the White Peak to the south. It lies at the western end of the Hope Valley and consequently is surrounded on three sides by hills. Most prominent is the ridge to the north. This is called Great Ridge; it runs east from Mam Tor to Back Tor and Lose Hill, via the pass (hause) of Hollins Cross, where paths from many directions converge and cross over to Edale. Alexander von Humboldt visited caves near Castleton and Buxton in June 1790 to investigate the region's geological structures.[12]

Castleton was formerly on the A625 road from Sheffield to Chapel-en-le-Frith, on the way to Manchester. Leaving Castleton, the western road once went over Mam Tor, but after continual landslides and repairs (Mam Tor is called the "Shivering Mountain" because of its very loose shales), it was eventually abandoned. The only westbound exit from Castleton is now the unclassified road over the narrow Winnats Pass. This road is very narrow and steep and unsuitable for heavy vehicles or high volumes. Road signage has been designed to discourage through traffic by showing only local destinations. Thus, most traffic enters and leaves the village on the eastern (Hope-Hathersage-Sheffield) road (A6187); for traffic going west, that involves a long diversion via the villages of Bradwell and Peak Forest.

Castleton has a small bus station from where buses depart hourly to Sheffield (services 272/273)[13] and 2-hourly to Tideswell and Bakewell (service 173).[14] Sunday services on route 173[15] and less frequent services, including services 68[16] to Buxton, 174[17] Baslow,[18] Ladybower (273 & 274),[19] 200 Chapel-en-le-frith and Edale 276,[20] were cut in 2017 after cuts in government funding.[21] At summer weekends buses link to Chesterfield, Glossop and Ladybower.[22]

There is no railway station, but Hope station is about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) away, and train tickets to Hope and Edale are valid on connecting buses to Castleton.


Castleton Church of England Primary School is located within the village. It was rated as 'good' in its 2017 Ofsted inspection. From October 2017, the school and surrounding area was featured in the ident used by Channel 4.[23][24]

The nearest secondary school is Hope Valley College.


Castleton attracts many tourists, and there are multiple pubs (some with accommodation), tea shops and guest houses to supply their needs. There is also a large car park, a Visitor Centre housing a dedicated space for Castleton Historical Society’s museum,[25][26] several outdoors shops and a youth hostel.[27] Many schools visit the area for educational studies such as GCSE fieldwork. It is also a major walking centre, where routes up Cave Dale, Winnats Pass, Mam Tor and Hollins Cross meet. There are four "show caves" to visit, Blue John Cavern, Peak Cavern, Treak Cliff Cavern and Speedwell Cavern which includes an underground boat ride and at least one of them is open all year.[28][29][30][31][32] Castleton has a combined post office and general shop.

On Castleton Garland Day (Oak Apple Day – 29 May), a Garland King is paraded around the streets wearing an extremely large garland of flowers,[33] followed by local girls dressed in white with flowers.[34]

Castleton is a favourite area for walkers: there is plenty of accommodation, and there are many public footpaths leading from the village. There are easy walks along the river to Hope, Brough, Bamford and (rather further) Hathersage, and there is a short strenuous walk up onto the Great Ridge, where views can be enjoyed before descending to Edale or returning to Castleton. Hayfield is a short day's walk away beyond Rushup Edge. A two- or three-day trail, the Limestone Way, starts in Castleton and runs south down Cave Dale (past the rear of the castle) before climbing out of the village and heading for Monyash, Youlgreave, and Matlock.

Film of Castleton in 1945 is held by the Cinema Museum in London. Ref HM0365.[35]

Photo gallery[edit]

Notable people[edit]

In fiction[edit]

The village was featured in episode 3 of Most Haunted: Midsummer Murders where the team "investigates" the 18th-century murder of an engaged couple. Much of the "investigation" takes place in Speedwell Cavern. One of the conspirators, James Ashton, is said to have confessed to the murders on his deathbed after being haunted by the dead couple. He also implicated others involved. Castleton also featured in national news reports in the early 1980s following the murder of Susan Renhard near the battlements of Peveril Castle.

The local caves were used as the filming location for the underworld, ruled by the evil Lady of the Green Kirtle, in the 1990 BBC adaptation of The Silver Chair (one of the Narnia books written by C.S. Lewis).[37] Cave Dale features in the films The Princess Bride (1987) and The Other Boleyn Girl (2008).

The town is also featured briefly in the play The Devil is an Ass by Ben Jonson, first performed in 1616.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  2. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.750
  3. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1978). The Buildings of England: Derbyshire. revised Elizabeth Williamson. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071008-6.
  4. ^ "Medieval Castleton and Hope". University of Sheffield Department of Archaeology. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Town defences 270m north and 350m north east of Peveril Castle, Castleton (1018868)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 May 2023.
  6. ^ Loveluck, Christopher P.; McCormick, Michael; Spaulding, Nicole E.; Clifford, Heather; Handley, Michael J.; Hartman, Laura; Hoffmann, Helene; Korotkikh, Elena V.; Kurbatov, Andrei V.; More, Alexander F.; Sneed, Sharon B.; Mayewski, Paul A. (2018). "Alpine ice-core evidence for the transformation of the European monetary system, AD 640–670". Antiquity. 92 (366): 1571–1585. doi:10.15184/aqy.2018.110. S2CID 165543389.
  7. ^ "Alpine glacier reveals lead pollution from C12th Britain as bad as Industrial Revolution". Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  8. ^ Loveluck, Christopher P.; More, Alexander F.; Spaulding, Nicole E.; Clifford, Heather; Handley, Michael J.; Hartman, Laura; Korotkikh, Elena V.; Kurbatov, Andrei V.; Mayewski, Paul A.; Sneed, Sharon B.; McCormick, Michael (2020). "Alpine ice and the annual political economy of the Angevin Empire, from the death of Thomas Becket to Magna Carta, c. AD 1170–1216". Antiquity. 94 (374): 473–490. doi:10.15184/aqy.2019.202. S2CID 216250193.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Toll Bar Cottage and shop and attached wall and railings, Castleton (Grade II) (1334532)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 May 2023.
  10. ^ OL24 White Peak area (Map). 1:25000. Explorer. Ordnance Survey.
  11. ^ "Castleton". Imperial War Museums. Retrieved 28 May 2023.
  12. ^ Alexander von Humboldt, Ueber die unterirdischen Gasarten und die Mittel, ihren Nachtheil zu vermindern. Braunschweig: Vieweg, 1799, p. 40.
  13. ^ "271 & 272 Castleton to Sheffield via Bradwell & Hathersage" (PDF). 24 October 2021.
  14. ^ "173 Bakewell to Castleton via Monsal Head & Tideswell" (PDF). 10 January 2022.
  15. ^ "13 Derbyshire bus routes face cutbacks in bid to save £1m". DerbyshireLive. 28 March 2018. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Baslow – Tideswell – Castleton 174" (PDF). Hulleys.
  19. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 December 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 March 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "PROPOSED CHANGES TO LOCAL BUS SUPPORT" (PDF). Derbyshire County Council. 26 January 2016.
  22. ^ "Hope Valley Explorer". Peak District National Park. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  23. ^ "Castleton C of E Primary School – Home". Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  24. ^ "Channel 4 reveals 'Giant' rebranding with new idents designed to "champion diversity and provoke change"". Radio Times. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  25. ^ "Visitor Centres – Castleton: Peak District National Park". Peak District National Park. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  26. ^ "Museum". Castleton Historical Society. 5 September 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  27. ^ "YHA Castleton Losehill Hall | Cheap Peak District Hostel". Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  28. ^ "Local Attractions". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
  29. ^ "Blue John Stone, Treak Cliff Cavern, Working Blue John Mine With Stalactites And Stalagmites, Blue John Jewellery And Ornaments". Archived from the original on 23 February 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  30. ^ "Speedwell Cavern – Welcome to Peak and Speedwell Caverns at Castleton". Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  31. ^ "Peak Cavern – Welcome to Peak and Speedwell Caverns at Castleton". Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  32. ^ "Blue John Cavern: Family Days Out and School Trips at our Caves in the Peak District". Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  33. ^ "Derbyshire and Peak District Customs:Castleton Garland Day". Derbyshire UK. 2001. Archived from the original on 24 November 2010 – via Wayback Machine.
  34. ^ Simpson, Jacqueline; Roud, Stephen (2000), A Dictionary of English Folklore, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-192-10019-1
  35. ^ "Cinema Museum Home Movie Database.xlsx". Google Docs. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  36. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
  37. ^ Filming Locations for The Silver Chair,, at the Internet Movie Database, retrieved 13 December 2011

External links[edit]