Metropolis of Kastoria

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The Metropolis of Kastoria (Greek: Ιερά Μητρόπολις Καστοριάς) is one of the metropolises of the New Lands in Greece that are within the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople but de facto are administered for practical reasons as part of the Church of Greece under an agreement between the churches of Athens and Constantinople.[note 1]

Kastoria is also a Latin Catholic titular see, and in the early 20th century hosted a Bulgarian Orthodox bishopric.

History[edit]

At first a suffragan of Thebes,[2] the bishopric was, at least by the reign of Basil II in the early 11th century, the first suffragan see of Achrida (now Ohrid, Bulgaria). Lequien mentions only three bishops, all of the period after the East–West Schism: Joasaph in 1564, Hierotheus, who went to Rome about 1650, and Dionysius Mantoucas;[3] but that list can easily be extended.[4]

In the early 20th century the town was the seat of a Bulgarian Orthodox bishopric with 2,224 families, 32 priests, and 22 churches.[4]

Today, for the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and the Church of Greece the see is the Metropolis of Kastoria and Exarchate for Upper Macedonia, in the so-called "New Lands" of Greece.[5][6]

Greek Orthodox Metropolitans[edit]

  • Seraphim (Papakostas) 1996–present[7]
  • Gregorios III (Papoutsopoulos) 1985-1996[8]
  • Gregorios II (Maistros) 1974-1985[9]
  • Dorotheos (Giannaropoulos) 1958-1973[10]
  • Nikiphoros II (Papasideris) 1936-1958[11]
  • Ioakeim (Leptidis) 1911-1931[12]
  • Ioakeim (Vaxevanidis) 1908-1911[13]
  • Germanos (Karavangelis) 1900-1908[14]
  • Athanasios (Kapouralis) 1899-1900
  • Philaretos (Vafeidis) 1889-1899
  • Gregorios (Drakopoulos) 1888-1889
  • Kyrillos (Dimitriadis) 1882-1888
  • Constantine (Isaakidis) 1880-1882
  • Hilarion 1874-1879
  • Nicephorus I 1841-1874
  • Athanasions (Mitilinaios) 1836-1841

Active Greek Orthodox Monasteries[edit]

For men[edit]

  • Dormition of the Virgin Mary - Panagia Mavriotissa[note 2]
  • Agion Anargyroi Melissotopos[note 3]
  • Agia Paraskevi Vasileiadou[note 4]
  • Agios Georgios Eptahoriou[note 5]

For women[edit]

Latin bishopric[edit]

Some ten Latin bishops of Castoria are known from the 13th to the 15th centuries.[4][15]

Latin titular see[edit]

Castoria is listed by the Catholic Church as a titular bishopric since the 15th century.[2]

It is vacant for decades, having had the following incumbents, all of the lowest (episcopal) rank :

  • Silvestro de Benedetti, Vallombrosian Benedictines (O.S.B. Vall.) (1432.01.23 – ?)
  • Francis Sexello, Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (1507.01.07 – ?)
  • Juan López (1520.09.22 – ?)
  • François Daussayo, Augustinian Order (O.E.S.A.) (1531.03.18 – ?)
  • Gedeon van der Gracht (1536.01.10 – ?)
  • Charles Pinello, O.E.S.A. (1546.04.16 – ?)
  • Esteban de Esmir (1639.04.03 – 1641.01.05)
  • Johannes van Neercassel, Oratorians (C.O.) (1662.06.23 – 1686.06.06)
  • Gioachino Maria de’ Oldo (1725.03.03 – 1726.12.09)
  • Bishop-elect Paolino Sandulli, O.S.B. (1727.03.17 – ?)
  • John Mary of St. Thomas Albertini, Discalced Carmelites (O.C.D.) (1780.12.23 – 1783?)
  • Charles Lamothe, Paris Foreign Missions Society (M.E.P.) (1793.02.05 – 1816.05.22)
  • Jean-Jacques Guérard, M.E.P. (1816.05.23 – 1823.06.18)
  • Francisco Ferreira de Azevedo (1820.05.29 – 1844.07.25)
  • Jean-François Ollivier, M.E.P. (1824.04.06 – 1827.05.27)
  • Joseph-Marie-Pélagie Havard, M.E.P. (1828.03.21 – 1838.07.05)
  • John Fennelly (1841.04.30 – 1868.01.23)
  • Johann Jakob Kraft (1868.09.24 – 1884.06.09)
  • Francesco Gašparić (1884.11.13 – 1897)
  • Gaspar Felicjan Cyrtowt (1897.07.21 – 1910.04.07)
  • Marie-Augustine Chapuis, M.E.P. (1911.03.06 – 1913.05.21)
  • Ferenc Gossman (1913.07.01 – 1931.10.11)
  • Joaquín Alcaide y Bueso, Capuchin Franciscans (O.F.M. Cap.) (1931.12.15 – 1943.02.21)
  • Stanislas Courbe (1943.06.22 – 1971.04.22)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Codified in the 1928 Patriarchal and Synodical Act, the "New Lands" were entrusted to the temporary stewardship of the Church of Greece, provided that the Church respected the terms of the Act. The Act subsequently has been incorporated into several pieces of Greek legislation (Laws 3615/1928, 5438/1932, 599/1977, and Article 3, paragraph 1 of the current Greek Constitution), thereby recognizing the ecclesiastical agreement between the two sides."[1]
  2. ^ (Greek) Κοιμήσεως Θεοτόκου - Παναγία Μαυριώτισσα.
  3. ^ (Greek) Αγίων Αναργύρων Μελισσοτόπου.
  4. ^ (Greek) Αγίας Παρασκευής Βασιλειάδος.
  5. ^ (Greek) Αγίου Γεωργίου Επταχωρίου.
  6. ^ (Greek) Ιερά Μονή Γενεθλίου της Θεοτόκου Κλεισούρας.
  7. ^ (Greek) Αγίου Νικολάου Τσιριλόβου.
  8. ^ (Greek) Παναγίας Φανερωμένης.
  9. ^ (Greek) Ιερά Μονή Αγίου Γεωργίου Μελανθίου.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Victor Roudometof. Greek Orthodoxy, Territoriality, and Globality: Religious Responses and Institutional Disputes. Report. Sociology of Religion. Vol. 69 No. 1. 22 March 2008. Pg. 67(25). ISSN 1069-4404.
  2. ^ a b Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 862
  3. ^ Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. II, coll. 315-316
  4. ^ a b c Sophrone Pétridès, "Castoria" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1908)
  5. ^ "New Lands" of Greece
  6. ^ Holy Metropolis of Kastoria
  7. ^ (Greek) Σεραφείμ (κατά κόσμον Ιωάννης) Παπακώστας. Ιεράς Μητροπόλεως Καστοριάς. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  8. ^ (Greek) Γρηγόριος ο Γ' (Παπουτσόπουλος). Ιεράς Μητροπόλεως Καστοριάς. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  9. ^ (Greek) Γρηγόριος ο Β' (Μαΐστρος). Ιεράς Μητροπόλεως Καστοριάς. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  10. ^ (Greek) Δωρόθεος Γιανναρόπουλος. Ιεράς Μητροπόλεως Καστοριάς. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  11. ^ (Greek) Νικηφόρος Παπασιδέρης. Ιεράς Μητροπόλεως Καστοριάς. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  12. ^ (Greek) Ιωακείμ Λεπτίδης. Ιεράς Μητροπόλεως Καστοριάς. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  13. ^ (Greek) Ιωακείμ Βαξεβανίδης. Ιεράς Μητροπόλεως Καστοριάς. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  14. ^ (Greek) Γερμανός Καραβαγγέλης. Ιεράς Μητροπόλεως Καστοριάς. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  15. ^ Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 172; vol. 2, p. 120; vol. 3, p. 157; vol. 4, p. 139; vol. 5, p. 148; vol. 6, p. 153; vol. 7, p. 140; vol. 8, pp. 190–191

Bibliography[edit]