- See Castro for namesakes
|Comune di Castro|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Lecce (LE)|
|• Mayor||Alfonso Capraro|
|• Total||4 km2 (2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||100 m (300 ft)|
|Population (September 2009)|
|• Density||630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Castrensi or Castrioti|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Maria SS. Annunziata (principal) and Santa Dorotea|
|Saint day||25 April and 6 February|
Castro derives its name from Castrum Minervae (Latin for "Minerva's castle"), which was an ancient town of the Sallentini, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) south of Hydruntum. Its ancient temple of Minerva was said to have been founded by Idomeneus, who formed the tribe of the Sallentini from a mixture of Cretans, Illyrians and Italian Locrians (Central Greek tribe).
It is also said to have been the place where Aeneas first landed in Italy, the port of which he named Portus Veneris ("Port of Venus"). The temple had lost some of its importance in Strabo's day.
The bishopric of Castro was founded by Pope Leo II in 682. In the 9th century, it is mentioned as a suffragan of te-he Metropolitan of Santa Severina, but in the 12th century it came under the jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Otranto.
Castro di Puglia, no longer being a residential bishopric, has been listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see since its nominal restoration in 1968. It was initially listed simply as Castro, but since 1976 as Castro di Puglia to avoid confusion with other sees named Castro.
- Population data from Istat
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Castrum Minervae". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 485.
- Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 173; vol. 2, pp. XIX, 121; vol. 3, pp. 157-158; vol. 4, p. 139; vol. 5, p. 148; vol. 6, p. 153-154
- Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, pp. 873-874
- Bolla De utiliori, in Bullarii romani continuatio, Tomo XV, Romae 1853, pp. 56-61
- "Diocese of Castro di Puglia" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- "Titular Episcopal See of Castro di Puglia" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 862
- Castro Marina
- GigaCatholic, with resident and titular see incumbent biography links
- Media related to Castro, Apulia at Wikimedia Commons