Castro, Apulia

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See Castro for namesakes
Castro
Comune
Comune di Castro
Castro
Castro
Coat of arms of Castro
Coat of arms
Castro is located in Italy
Castro
Castro
Location of Castro in Italy
Coordinates: 40°1′N 18°24′E / 40.017°N 18.400°E / 40.017; 18.400
Country Italy
Region  Apulia
Province / Metropolitan city Lecce (LE)
Frazioni Castro Marina
Government
 • Mayor Alfonso Capraro
Area
 • Total 4 km2 (2 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Population (September 2009)[1]
 • Total 2,516
 • Density 630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Castrensi or Castrioti
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 73030
Dialing code 0836
Patron saint Maria SS. Annunziata (principal) and Santa Dorotea
Saint day 25 April and 6 February
Website Official website
Castro Marina.

Castro is a town and comune, former bishopric and present Latin Catholic titular see in the Italian province of Lecce in the Apulia region of south-eastern Italy.

History[edit]

Castro derives its name from Castrum Minervae (Latin for "Minerva's castle"), which was an ancient town of the Sallentini, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) south of Hydruntum. Its ancient temple of Minerva was said to have been founded by Idomeneus, who formed the tribe of the Sallentini from a mixture of Cretans, Illyrians and Italian Locrians (Central Greek tribe).

It is also said to have been the place where Aeneas first landed in Italy, the port of which he named Portus Veneris ("Port of Venus"). The temple had lost some of its importance in Strabo's day.

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

The bishopric of Castro was founded by Pope Leo II in 682. In the 9th century, it is mentioned as a suffragan of te-he Metropolitan of Santa Severina, but in the 12th century it came under the jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Otranto.

In the 16th century, Castro was destroyed by the Turks and the bishop moved his residence to Poggiardo in 1572.[2][3]

The diocese was suppressed and its territory of the diocese was added to that of Otranto on 27 June 1818,[4][5][6]its Metropolitan.

Residential bishops[edit]

incomplete yet; first centuries unavailable

  • Petureio (1179 – ?)
  • Pellegrino (? – 1254)
  • Pellegrino (? – 1295)
  • Giovanni Parisi (1295 – 1296)
  • Rufino, Dominican Order (O.P.) (1296.08.09 – ?)
  • Luca, O.P. (later Archbishop) (1303.11.08 – 1321.01.30), later Metropolitan Archbishop of Otranto (Italy) (1321.01.30 – death 1329)
  • Giacomo (1321.10.16 – ?)
  • Francesco (1347.02.19 – ?)
  • Pietro Masseri, Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (1361.08.09 – ?)
  • Donadio (1366.06.04 –death 1387)
  • Antonio da Viterbo (1387.01.12 – 1389.12.17), later Bishop of Lecce (Italy) (1389.12.17 – ?)
  • uncanonical Nicola Bonanno (1389.09.24 – ?)
  • Geroaldo (1390.03.19 – death 1390), previously Bishop of Ariano (Italy) (1382 – 1390.03.19)
  • Leonardo (1391.02.27 – death 1402)
  • Berengario (1402.02.27 – death 1429), previously Bishop of Alessano (? – 1402.02.27)
  • Urbano, O.F.M. (1429.03.02 – ?)
  • Nicola de Pineo (1453.03.18 – death 1483)
  • Stazio (1483.04.09 – death 1491)
  • Giorgio, Benedictine Order (O.S.B.) (1491.06.12 – 1503), previously Bishop of Satriano (? – 1491.06.12)
  • Donato Strineo (1503.07.22 – 1504.01.08), later Bishop of Ischia (Italy) (1504.01.08 – death 1534)
  • ...

Titular see[edit]

Castro di Puglia, no longer being a residential bishopric, is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see, .[7]since its nominal restoration in 1968, initially simply as Castro, since 1976 renamed as Castro di Puglia, avoiding confusion with other sees named Castro.

It has had the following incumbents, of both the lowest (episcopal) and the intermediary (archiepiscopal) ranks :

  • Titular Archbishop Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi (ペトロ白柳誠一) (1969.11.15 – 1970.02.21), as Coadjutor Archbishop of Tokyo 東京 (Japan) (1969.11.15 – 1970.02.21), succeeding as Metropolitan Archbishop of Tokyo 東京 (1970.02.21 – 2000.02.17), President of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Japan (1983 – 1992), created Cardinal-Priest of S. Emerenziana a Tor Fiorenza (1994.11.26 – 2009.12.30); previously Titular Bishop of Atenia (1966.03.15 – 1969.11.15) & Auxiliary Bishop of Tokyo 東京 (1966.03.15 – 1969.11.15)
  • Titular Bishop Richard John Sklba (1979.11.06 – ...), Auxiliary Bishop emeritus of Milwaukee (USA)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population data from Istat
  2. ^ Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 173; vol. 2, pp. XIX, 121; vol. 3, pp. 157-158; vol. 4, p. 139; vol. 5, p. 148; vol. 6, p. 153-154
  3. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, pp. 873-874
  4. ^ Bolla De utiliori, in Bullarii romani continuatio, Tomo XV, Romae 1853, pp. 56-61
  5. ^ "Diocese of Castro di Puglia" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  6. ^ "Titular Episcopal See of Castro di Puglia" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  7. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 862

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Sources and External links[edit]