Castro County, Texas

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Castro County
Castro County Courthouse in Dimmitt
Castro County Courthouse in Dimmitt
Map of Texas highlighting Castro County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°32′N 102°16′W / 34.53°N 102.26°W / 34.53; -102.26
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1891
Named forHenri Castro
SeatDimmitt
Largest cityDimmitt
Area
 • Total899 sq mi (2,330 km2)
 • Land894 sq mi (2,320 km2)
 • Water4.9 sq mi (13 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total7,371
 • Density8.2/sq mi (3.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district19th
Websitewww.co.castro.tx.us

Castro County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 7,371.[1][2] Its county seat is Dimmitt.[3] The county was named for Henri Castro,[4] who was consul general to France for the Republic of Texas and the founder of a colony in Texas.

The county was originally created in 1876. It was organized in 1891,[5] and a courthouse was built about the town square. Temporary county office space, meanwhile, was obtained from businessman J. N. Morrison. The ornate, two-story courthouse was completed, but was destroyed by lightning in 1906.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 894 square miles (2,320 km2) are land and 4.9 square miles (13 km2) (0.5%) are covered by water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18909
19004004,344.4%
19101,850362.5%
19201,9485.3%
19304,720142.3%
19404,631−1.9%
19505,41717.0%
19608,92364.7%
197010,39416.5%
198010,5561.6%
19909,070−14.1%
20008,285−8.7%
20108,062−2.7%
20207,371−8.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1850–2010[9] 2010[10] 2020[11]

2020 census[edit]

Castro County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 3,004 2,328 37.26% 31.58%
Black or African American alone (NH) 149 95 1.85% 1.29%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 29 39 0.36% 0.53%
Asian alone (NH) 30 22 0.37% 0.30%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 4 0.00% 0.05%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 5 9 0.06% 0.12%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 17 90 0.21% 1.22%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 4,828 4,784 59.89% 64.90%
Total 8,062 7,371 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

Rhoads Memorial Library serves Castro County.

As of the census[12] of 2000, 8,285 people, 2,761 households, and 2,159 families were residing in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (4/km2). The 3,198 housing units averaged 4 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 75.35% White, 2.27% African American, 1.17% Native American, 19.15% from other races, and 2.05% from two or more races. About 51.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 2,761 households, 40.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.80% were not families. About 20.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98, and the average family size was 3.45.

In the county, the age distribution was 33.10% under 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.50 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 98.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,619, and for a family was $35,422. Males had a median income of $25,379 versus $20,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,457. About 15.70% of families and 19.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.30% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Castro County, Texas[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,602 76.91% 466 22.37% 15 0.72%
2016 1,414 70.81% 526 26.34% 57 2.85%
2012 1,470 69.37% 630 29.73% 19 0.90%
2008 1,562 68.18% 719 31.38% 10 0.44%
2004 1,794 73.83% 631 25.97% 5 0.21%
2000 1,607 68.27% 727 30.88% 20 0.85%
1996 1,231 49.22% 1,107 44.26% 163 6.52%
1992 1,307 44.91% 1,113 38.25% 490 16.84%
1988 1,604 52.61% 1,436 47.10% 9 0.30%
1984 2,026 66.30% 1,009 33.02% 21 0.69%
1980 1,955 60.75% 1,199 37.26% 64 1.99%
1976 1,007 32.74% 2,033 66.09% 36 1.17%
1972 1,685 68.75% 751 30.64% 15 0.61%
1968 1,033 36.40% 1,181 41.61% 624 21.99%
1964 626 25.10% 1,865 74.78% 3 0.12%
1960 810 34.01% 1,544 64.82% 28 1.18%
1956 697 34.75% 1,305 65.05% 4 0.20%
1952 1,169 58.57% 825 41.33% 2 0.10%
1948 189 13.76% 1,158 84.28% 27 1.97%
1944 222 18.45% 838 69.66% 143 11.89%
1940 224 18.27% 1,000 81.57% 2 0.16%
1936 65 6.34% 950 92.68% 10 0.98%
1932 66 6.45% 949 92.77% 8 0.78%
1928 319 45.38% 384 54.62% 0 0.00%
1924 68 18.43% 219 59.35% 82 22.22%
1920 118 41.84% 158 56.03% 6 2.13%
1916 69 27.38% 176 69.84% 7 2.78%
1912 18 8.65% 171 82.21% 19 9.13%


Communities[edit]

Grain elevator in Dimmitt

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Education[edit]

School districts:[14]

All of the county is in the service area of Amarillo College.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Castro County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
  2. ^ "Castro County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 72.
  5. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Archived from the original on August 9, 2016. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
  6. ^ Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, Dimmitt, Texas
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  9. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Castro County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Castro County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  14. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Castro County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2022. - list
  15. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.164. AMARILLO COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°32′N 102°16′W / 34.53°N 102.26°W / 34.53; -102.26