Castro County, Texas
Castro County Courthouse in Dimmitt
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Henri Castro|
|• Total||899 sq mi (2,330 km2)|
|• Land||894 sq mi (2,320 km2)|
|• Water||4.9 sq mi (13 km2) 0.5%%|
|• Density||9.0/sq mi (3.5/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Castro County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 8,062. Its county seat is Dimmitt. The county was named for Henri Castro, who was consul general to France for the Republic of Texas and the founder of a colony in Texas.
The county was originally created in 1876. It was organized in 1891, and a courthouse was built about the town square. Temporary county office space, meanwhile, was obtained from businessman J. N. Morrison. The ornate, two-story courthouse was completed, but was destroyed by lightning in 1906.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 894 square miles (2,320 km2) are land and 4.9 square miles (13 km2) (0.5%) are covered by water.
- Deaf Smith County (north)
- Randall County (northeast)
- Swisher County (east)
- Hale County (southeast)
- Lamb County (south)
- Parmer County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 8,285 people, 2,761 households, and 2,159 families were residing in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (4/km2). The 3,198 housing units averaged 4 per square mile (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 75.35% White, 2.27% African American, 1.17% Native America], 19.15% from other races, and 2.05% from two or more races. About 51.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 2,761 households, 40.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.80% were not families. About 20.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98, and the average family size was 3.45.
In the county, the age distribution was 33.10% under 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,619, and for a family was $35,422. Males had a median income of $25,379 versus $20,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,457. About 15.70% of families and 19.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.30% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on November 25, 2015. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 72.
- "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
- Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, Dimmitt, Texas
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
- Castro County government's website
- Castro County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Interactive Texas Map
- Texas Map Collection
- Castro County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties