Castro County, Texas

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Castro County, Texas
Castro County, TX, Courthouse IMG 4822.JPG
Castro County Courthouse in Dimmitt
Map of Texas highlighting Castro County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1891
Named for Henri Castro
Seat Dimmitt
Largest city Dimmitt
Area
 • Total 899 sq mi (2,328 km2)
 • Land 894 sq mi (2,315 km2)
 • Water 4.9 sq mi (13 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 8,062
 • Density 9.0/sq mi (3/km²)
Congressional district 19th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.castro.tx.us
Rhoads Memorial Library serves Castro County.
Grain elevator in Dimmitt

Castro County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 8,062.[1] The county seat is Dimmitt.[2] The county was named for Henri Castro,[3] who was consul general to France for the Republic of Texas and the founder of a colony in Texas.

The county was originally created in 1876. It was organized in 1891,[4] and a courthouse was built about the town square. Temporary county office space, meanwhile, was obtained from businessman J.N. Morrison. The ornate two-story courthouse was completed but was destroyed by lightning in 1906.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 894 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 4.9 square miles (13 km2) (0.5%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 9
1900 400 4,344.4%
1910 1,850 362.5%
1920 1,948 5.3%
1930 4,720 142.3%
1940 4,631 −1.9%
1950 5,417 17.0%
1960 8,923 64.7%
1970 10,394 16.5%
1980 10,556 1.6%
1990 9,070 −14.1%
2000 8,285 −8.7%
2010 8,062 −2.7%
Est. 2015 7,656 [7] −5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1850–2010[9] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 8,285 people, 2,761 households, and 2,159 families residing in the county. The population density was 9 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 3,198 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.35% White, 2.27% Black or African American, 1.17% Native American, 0.02% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 19.12% from other races, and 2.05% from two or more races. 51.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,761 households out of which 40.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.80% were non-families. 20.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.45.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.10% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 100.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,619, and the median income for a family was $35,422. Males had a median income of $25,379 versus $20,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,457. About 15.70% of families and 19.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.30% of those under age 18 and 13.90% of those age 65 or over.


Presidential election results[11]
Year Democratic Republican
2016 26.4% 526 70.8% 1,413
2012 29.7% 630 69.4% 1,470
2008 31.4% 719 68.2% 1,562
2004 26.0% 631 73.8% 1,794
2000 30.9% 727 68.3% 1,607
1996 44.3% 1,107 49.2% 1,231
1992 38.2% 1,113 44.9% 1,307
1988 47.1% 1,436 52.6% 1,604
1984 33.0% 1,009 66.3% 2,026
1980 37.3% 1,199 60.3% 1,955
1976 66.1% 2,033 32.7% 1,007
1972 30.6% 751 68.7% 1,685
1968 41.6% 1,181 36.4% 1,033
1964 74.8% 1,865 25.1% 626
1960 64.8% 1,544 34.0% 810

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 72. 
  4. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2015. 
  5. ^ Texas Historical Commission, historical marker, Dimmitt, Texas
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  7. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 22, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 29, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°32′N 102°16′W / 34.53°N 102.26°W / 34.53; -102.26