Castro de Sacóias

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Castro of Sacóias (Castro de Sacóias)
Fortified Settlement of Sacóias
Castro
Official name: Povoado Fortificado de Sacóias
Named for: Sacóias
Country  Portugal
Region Norte
Subregion Alto Trás-os-Montes
District Bragança
Municipality Bragança
Location Baçal
 - elevation 680 m (2,231 ft)
 - coordinates 41°51′47.26″N 6°41′24.84″W / 41.8631278°N 6.6902333°W / 41.8631278; -6.6902333Coordinates: 41°51′47.26″N 6°41′24.84″W / 41.8631278°N 6.6902333°W / 41.8631278; -6.6902333
Architects unknown
Style Iron Age
Origin c.
Owner Portuguese Republic
For public Public
Easiest access EN 218-3, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from Bragança
Management Instituto Gestão do Patrimonio Arquitectónico e Arqueológico
Operator Câmara Municipal de Torres Vedras
Status National Monument
Monumento Nacional
Listing Decree 16 June 1910; DG136, 23 June 1910

The Castro of Sacóias (Portuguese: Povoado Fortificado de Sacóis/Castro de Sacóis) is former fortified settlement and archeological site in the civil parish of Baçal, municipality of Bragança in the Alto Trás-os-Montes subregion of the Portuguese Norte Region.[1]

History[edit]

It is likely that the site was constructed during the Iron Age, and restructured over time.[1] It was occupied by Roman settlers during the Roman occupation of the Iberian peninsula.[1]

During the second half of the 18th century, the then-existing religious temple was moved from the Castro to the main settlement, to substitute an older chapel, then housing a baptismal fountain and conserving the Blessed Sacrament.[1]

The Castro, and group of existing structures, are of individual importance that resulted in it being designated a National Monument in 1910, as well as a structure of municipal interest by the council of Bragança.[1]

Architecture[edit]

The site is located on an isolated, rural hilltop rising over the Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Assunção.[1] It consists of a destroyed fortified settlement, with small walls constructed with small stones, in addition to remnants of tiles, bricks and millstones.[1] Most of the artefacts unearthed from the site was collected by the Sociedade Martins Sarmento, and presented at the Municipal Museum of Bragança and Archaeological Museum.[1]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Jana, Ernesto (1993), SIPA, ed., Povoado Fortificado de Sacóias (IPA.00000552/PT010402040001) (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA –Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico, archived from the original on 6 March 2016, retrieved 30 December 2015 

Sources[edit]

  • Fernandes, Armando; Rodrigues, Luís Alexandre (2004), Monografia das Freguesias do Concelho de Bragança (in Portuguese), Bragança, Portugal: Câmara Municipal de Bragança 
  • Lopo, Albino dos Santos Pereira (1987), Apontamentos Arqueológicos (in Portuguese), Braga, Portugal