Castrop-Rauxel

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Castrop-Rauxel
Castrop-Stadtmittelpunkt.jpg
Coat of arms of Castrop-Rauxel
Coat of arms
Castrop-Rauxel  is located in Germany
Castrop-Rauxel
Castrop-Rauxel
Coordinates: 51°33′N 7°19′E / 51.550°N 7.317°E / 51.550; 7.317Coordinates: 51°33′N 7°19′E / 51.550°N 7.317°E / 51.550; 7.317
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Münster
District Recklinghausen
Government
 • Mayor Rajko Kravanja (SPD)
Area
 • Total 51.66 km2 (19.95 sq mi)
Population (2014-12-31)[1]
 • Total 73,518
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 44575–44581
Dialling codes 02305,
02367 (Henrichenburg)
Vehicle registration RE, CAS, GLA
Website (German language)

Castrop-Rauxel (German pronunciation: [ˈkastʁɔpˈʁaʊksəl]) is a former mining city in the eastern part of the Ruhr Area in Germany.

Geography[edit]

Castrop-Rauxel is between Dortmund to the east, Bochum (south), Herne (west), and to the north, Recklinghausen, Datteln and Waltrop.

Urban Area[edit]

The urban area of Castrop-Rauxel has a total expanse of 51.66 km2 (19.95 sq mi). The Halde Schwerin is marked as the highest point of the city with 147 m over NN, the lowest point is the Pöppinghauser street beside house number 264 with 50.2 m over NN.

The city is divided into 15 districts, listed in order from north to south: Becklem, Henrichenburg, Ickern, Habinghorst, Pöppinghausen, Deininghausen, Rauxel, Bladenhorst, Behringhausen, Castrop, Dingen, Schwerin, Obercastrop, Frohlinde and Merklinde.

The total area of the city divided into different uses (31.12.2010):

Surface in m² in %
Buildings and open spaces 16.384.832 31,7%
Operating area 1.497.843 2,9%
Recreation area 2.835.924 5,5%
Traffic area 6.191.789 12,0%
Agricultural land 14.116.843 27,3%
Forest land 7.938.248 15,4%
Water surface 1.941.522 3,8%
Other uses 758.372 1,5%
Total area 51.665.373 100%

Population figures for the individual districts (Stand: 2005):

Districts Population
Henrichenburg 5.333
Ickern 16.650
Habinghorst,
Pöppinghausen
9.970
Deininghausen,
Dingen,
Rauxel
10.056
Bladenhorst,
Rauxel-Nord
6.065
Schwerin 6.672
Behringhausen,
Castrop,
Obercastrop
16.743
Frohlinde 3.509
Merklinde 2.621

History[edit]

First mentioned in 834 as "Villa Castorpe",[citation needed] the city of Castrop was founded in 1902 by merging the municipalities Castrop, Obercastrop and Behringhausen. On April 1, 1926 Castrop-Rauxel was formed when Castrop merged with 10 other municipalities. During World War II, a plant at Castrop-Rauxel used the Bergius process to produce synthetic (German: Ersatz) oil products.

In 1975, the village of Henrichenburg was annexed and Castrop-Rauxel became part of the Recklinghausen (district). In 1984 the last of 7 coal mines at Castrop-Rauxel ("Erin") closed.

Transportation[edit]

Castrop-Rauxel has access to three major highways, the Emscherschnellweg A 42,the Sauerlandlinie A 45 and the A 2.
There are 3 railway stations within the city. The central station (Castrop-Rauxel Hauptbahnhof) on the Cologne-Minden Railway is located in the suburb of Rauxel. Connecting Castrop-Rauxel to the western Ruhr cities like Duisburg, Oberhausen, Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Herne and in the east to Dortmund and Hamm. The unmanned stations of Castrop-Rauxel South (Castrop-Rauxel Süd) and Castrop-Rauxel Merklinde on the Duisburg-Ruhrort–Dortmund railway have hourly services with trains to Dortmund, Herne and Dorsten. Located in the city centre is the central bus station Muensterplatz. From here passengers can travel to almost all suburbs and to neighboring cities like Herne, Dortmund and Bochum.
The Rhine-Herne Canal runs right through Castrop-Rauxel; Castrop-Rauxel also has a small Yacht club on this body of water.

International relations[edit]

Castrop Rauxel Square, Wakefield, named after its twin town

Castrop-Rauxel is twinned with:[2]

Economy[edit]

Castrop-Rauxel has been attempting to change from a former mining city to a city with a modern lifestyle, high recreational value, new economy companies, a 27 hole golf course, and various cultural events.

Metalworking and electronics are the key manufacturing sectors.[4]

Culture[edit]

The WLT (Westphalian State Theater) is the oldest and most relevant source of theatrical entertainment in Castrop-Rauxel. There is one cinema with two screens in Castrop. Castrop’s history is closely connected to horse racing, the Reiterbrunnen in the very center of Castrop’s market square is a reminder of the race days on the Naturhindernisbahn, now part of the Goldschmieding Park.

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

  • 1844, July 21, Hedwig Kiesekamp, † March 2, 1919 in Münster (Westphalia), singer and writer.
  • 1878, May 9, Heinrich Haslinde , † 11 November 1938 local poet.
  • 1902, September 12, Ernst Bach]], † 18 March 1965 in Siegen, CDU politician and mayor of Siegen
  • 1908, April 11, Josef Hermann Dufhues, † March 26, 1971 in Rheinhausen, politician CDU) MdL (North Rhine-Westphalia ), NRW Interior Minister and President of the Parliament
  • 1910, February 19, Wilhelm Specht, † 12 July 1986 entrepreneur, businessman and official of the association
  • 1912, October 24, Heinz Ballensiefen, † unknown, historian and Nazi functionary who used to investigate the "Jewish question"
  • 1915, January 26, Hermann Paschasius Rettler, † 16 September 2004 Sorocaba (Brazil), bishop of Bacabal (Brazil)
  • 1927, June 11, Alfred Niepieklo, † April 1, 2014 in Castrop-Rauxel, German Football Champion in 1956 and 1957
  • 1929, March 20, Josef Reding, writer
  • 1934, 15 April Erwin Weiss, † October 2nd 2008, singer
  • 1935, September 13, Friedhelm Wentzke, canoeist
  • 1938, Dietrich Berke, † October 16th 2010, musicologist and publishing editor
  • 1939, November 16, Paul Reding, painters, sculptors and writers.
  • 1942, March 16, Werner Trzmiel, Athlete
  • 1942, June 15, Friedhelm Ost, journalist and politician.
  • 1944, November 19, Klaus Fichtel, footballer
  • 1950, April 4, Gabriele Sikora, Member of the Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia
  • 1951, April 27, Lawrence Schlieker, abbot of Benedictine Gerleve
  • 1954, March 13, [Jens Funk] ophthalmologist in Zurich
  • 1955, April 5, Udo Helmbrecht, Former President of the BSI (Federal Office for Information Security) and Managing Director ENISA (European Network and Information Security Agency)
  • 1957, September 23, Mathias Schipper, footballer
  • 1958 Hans-Peter Villis, Manager
  • 1959, November 26, Inge Blask, politician, MP
  • 1961, November 17, Wolfram Wuttke, † March 1, 2015 in Lünen, football player
  • 1964, September 12, Dieter Hecking, football coach
  • 1975, Michael Ostrzyga, composer and conductor
  • 1982, April 30, Marcel Sieberg, cyclist
  • 1987, June 29, Marc-André Kruska, footballer
  • 1987, November 22, Michael Esser, footballer
  • 1988 January 3, Christopher Nothe, footballer

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 23 September 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). © 2009 Twins2010.com. Retrieved 2009-10-28.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. ^ "Wakefield's twin towns". Wakefield City Council. Retrieved 2013-07-14. 
  4. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/98861/Castrop-Rauxel