Casualties of the Bahraini uprising of 2011 and its aftermath

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A graffiti depicting eight victims labelled as "martyrs"

As of 15 March 2013, the Bahraini uprising of 2011 and its aftermath resulted in 122 deaths. The number of injuries is hard to determine due to government clamp-down on hospitals and medical personnel. The last accurate estimate for injuries is back to 16 March 2011 and sits at about 2708. The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry concluded that many detainees were subjected to torture and other forms of physical and psychological abuse while in custody, five of whom returned dead bodies. The BICI report finds the government responsible for 20 deaths (November 2011). Opposition activists say that the current number is 88[1] including 43 who allegedly died as a result of excessive use of tear gas.

Injuries[edit]

The total number of injured since the start of the uprising is not known, due to protesters fear of getting arrested in hospital when presenting with protest related injuries.[2] As of 16 March 2011, the total number of 2708 at least.[3] Another 200 injuries were treated by Médecins Sans Frontières outside hospitals,[2] for a total of 2908. A medic who asked to remain anonymous said he secretly treats about 50 injured protesters a week.[4] Among the injured is Nabeel Rajab, a leading human rights activist.[5]

Minister of Interior Rashid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa claimed that 395 police officers were injured, four of them allegedly "abducted and tortured".[6]

Deaths[edit]

The government claims that the burns on Sayed Hashim's body were inconsistent with burns caused by a tear gas canister

The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry found that there were 35 deaths between 14 February and 15 April 2011 linked to the uprising. The Commission found the government responsible for 20 of these deaths, protesters responsible for 3, and mobs responsible for 2. The Commission could not attribute the remaining 10 deaths to a perpetrator. Additionally, the Commission found that there were another 11 deaths potentially linked to the uprising between 16 April and 6 October 2011. Between 7 October 2011 and 18 August 2012, the Bahrain Centre for Human Rights (BCHR) reported 35 deaths linked to the uprising, for a total of 81 deaths. On 23 April, Al Jazeera reported that more than 80 people had died since the start of the uprising.[7] The total number reported, counting all related incidents, even those not mentioned in the BICI report and BCHR is 102 deaths as of 3 November 2012.

Bahrain's Gulf Daily News newspaper reported that anti-government protesters attacked and killed an elderly taxi driver on 13 March.[8] Other local newspapers reported that he was beaten to death by "terrorists".[9][10] Bahrain's independent Al Wasat newspaper cited witnesses that said the taxi driver died in a traffic accident.[11] The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry did not report any such death connected to the unrest. Additionally, a report by the Associated Press, quoting an unnamed security official in Saudi Arabia, stated that a Saudi soldier was shot dead by protesters in Bahrain on 15 March.[12] Bahrain state television denied this report, and the Commission did not report any such death connected to the unrest.[13]

Deaths[14](pp429–31)[15]
Cause of Death Civilians Expatriates Security Forces
Birdshot 14
Gunshot 5 1 1
Torture 5
Physical abuse 7 2 1
Auto-pedestrian collision 3 1 3
Tear gas (allegedly*) 41 2
Other 11 1 -
Disputed 4 - -

* The government does not recognise most deaths that were attributed to the use of tear gas.[citation needed]

Deaths[14](pp429–31)[15]
Killed By Civilians Expatriates Security Forces
Security Forces 23 1 1
Protesters 3*
Unknown Assailants 8 2 1
Disputed 16 1
Security forces (allegedly) 41 1
Not applicable 3 1 -

* A trial for seven protesters accused of killing police is ongoing.[citation needed]

Notable deaths[edit]

Details[edit]

Deaths[14][16]
Name Age From Date of Death Cause of Death
Ali Abdulhadi Mushaima 21 Al Daih 14 Feb 2011 Police birdshot wound to the back from close range.[14][17]
Fadhel Salman Ali Al Matrook 31 Mahooz 15 Feb 2011 Police birdshot wound to the back from close range.[14][17]
Mahmood Maki Ahmed Ali Abutaki 22 Sitra 17 Feb 2011 Police birdshot wound to the back from close range.[14][17]
Ali Mansoor Ahmed Ahmed Khudair 53 Sitra 17 Feb 2011 Police birdshot wound to the back from close range.[14][17]
Isa Abdulhasan Ali Hussain 60 Karzakan 17 Feb 2011 Police birdshot wound to the head from a distance of a few centimeters.[14][17]
Ali Ahmed Abdulla Moumen 22 Sitra 17 Feb 2011 Police birdshot wound to the thighs from close range.[14][17]
Abdulredha Mohamed Hasan Buhumaid 28 Malkiya 21 Feb 2011 Sustained at least two live bullets to the head when the Bahrain Defence Force opened fire on mourners with M16 rifles, Dilmun rifles, and Browning .50 caliber machine guns mounted on armored vehicles on 18 February 2011.[14][18][19] The Bahrain Defence Force denies firing the lethal shot, on the basis of an ordnance expert's report that concluded the shot was fired from a high elevation.[14]
Fadak Habib Nasser Mushaima (died immediately after being born) Al Daih 27 Feb 2011 Bahrain Justice and Development Movement (BJDM) said she was born dead "after her mother's grief on relative martyr Ali Mushaima".[1]
Abdul Malik Ghulam Rasool 34 Pakistan 13 Mar 2011 Severe chest contusion resulting in acute heart failure, attacked by a mob.[14]
Ali Ebrahim Abdulla Al Demistani 17 Demistan 13 Mar 2011 Struck by a car driven by unknowns near the Pearl Roundabout.[20]
Rashid Hamad Rashid Al Moa'ammary 80 Riffa 13 Mar 2011 Government claimed he was stabbed and beaten by "outlaws". Al Wasat newspaper said a witness saw him die in a car accident.[21] A video uploaded on 13 March supports the account published by Al Wasat.[22] Pictures showing Al-Moa'ammary dead in his car were released into Flickr.[23]
Ahmed Farhan Ali Farhan 30 Sitra 15 Mar 2011 Police birdshot wound to the head from close range.[14]
Ahmed's head after being shot (caution, shocking content) on YouTube
Mohammad Ikhlas Tozzumul Ali 50 Bangladesh 15 Mar 2011 Died due to getting attacked which led to internal bleeding while he was in Sitra. Witnesses quoted in a government report say he "was run over by a car driven by protesters". A separate witness report received by the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry claims that he was hit by vehicles without license plates driven by unknown individuals, one of whom was associated with government forces.[14] He was buried on 23 March in Golapganj, Sylhet, Bangladesh.[16]
Ahmed Rashid Al Muraysi 30 Sitra 15 Mar 2011 According to information BICI received, he was struck by a car driven by demonstrators in Sitra.[14]
Jaafar Mohamed Abdali Salman 40 Karrana 16 Mar 2011 Police gunshot injury to the chest.[14]
Ahmed Abdulla Hasan Al Arnoot 22 Hamad Town 16 Mar 2011 Three close range birdshot injuries to the back.[14][17]
Jaafar Abdulla Ali Hasan Mayoof 32 A'ali 16 Mar 2011 Close range gunshot injuries to the back and chest area; shot by security forces.[14]
Stephen Abraham 48 India 16 Mar 2011 .50 caliber Browning Gun bullet to the right side of his chest fired by the Bahrain Defence Force.[14]
Kashif Ahmed Mandhour 20 Pakistan 16 Mar 2011 Head and chest trauma, damage to internal organs and internal bleeding; struck by a car driven by demonstrators near the Pearl Roundabout.[14]
Mohamed Farooq Abdulsamad - Pakistan 16 Mar 2011 Severe head injury and hypovolemic shock; struck by a car driven by demonstrators near the Pearl Roundabout.[14]
Riaz Ahmed 43 Pakistan 18 Mar 2011 Crushed to death by a falling cement arch while operating a crane to destroy the Pearl Roundabout.[24] This death was not included in BICI report.
Isa Radhi Abdali Ahmed Alradhi 45 Sitra 19 Mar 2011 According to the government, the cause of death was a fractured skull and internal bleeding caused by head trauma while in police custody. A witness says he saw Isa being beaten by 15 police officers for around 20 minutes.[14]
Hani Abdulaziz Abdulla Jumaa 32 Khamis 19 Mar 2011 Three or more police gunshot injuries to his right leg, left leg, and left arm. He escaped to a building under-construction where he was severely beaten and left to die in a pool of his blood. The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry reports that he sustained the gunshots while running away from police.[14] Human Rights Watch investigated the room where Hani was found, and discovered fragments of his kneecap, proving he was shot from close range. Also, they found tissues in the ceiling and wall as well as a tooth. Human Rights Watch quotes witnesses as saying that Hani was shot point-blank with a shotgun.[25]
Fareed Maqbul N/A Bangladesh 19 Mar 2011 Multiple trauma injuries to the head and face. A witness says that Fareed was attacked by unknown individuals carrying wooden planks and sharp objects, and was struck by a vehicle while attempting to escape.[14]
Jawad Ali Kadhem Al Shamlan 48 Al Hajar 20 Mar 2011 The cause of death was a bullet fired from a Browning .50 caliber machine gun by the Bahrain Defence Force.[14](p146) The Bahrain Defence Force say that Jawad's car and another car were approaching a checkpoint when they were told to turn back. The other car complied, but Jawad's car instead accelerated, ramming into a barricade in front of the checkpoint. After the collision, Jawad's car continued to approach the checkpoint, at which point the Bahrain Defence Force fired a warning shot, and a shot at the tires, which was deflected off of a tire and the vehicle's body before entering Jawad's left knee and exiting from his abdomen. Jawad's family say they contacted the police station where he worked after Jawad failed to answer his mobile phone. The police first claimed to not know Jawad's whereabouts, then stated Jawad was on "a special mission" and could not talk on the phone, and finally stated that Jawad had entered a brawl with the army and they were detaining him until the morning. The family later called Jawad's mobile phone, and reached an individual who claimed to have killed Jawad. The family continued receiving calls from Jawad's mobile phone, including one call impersonating Jawad. Jawad's family has been unable to recover his car or his mobile phones.[14](pp250–2) Amateur video of Jawad's corpse shows injuries to the front of his left knee and the front of his lower abdomen on the left side,[26] as well as injuries to his back.[27] A follow-up government report said that there was no evidence of a crime in his death.[28]
Abdulrasool Hasan Ali Mohamed Hujair 37 Boori 20 Mar 2011 Traumatic injuries to the chest, stomach, back and limbs, which led to bleeding and shock. His body was found in Awali.[14]
Bahiya Abdelrasool Alaradi 51 Arad, lived in Manama 21 Mar 2011 The cause of death was a Bahrain Defence Force gunshot injury to the head.[14] A medical report says that she sustained a shot to the back of her head, and a shot to her left shoulder with an exit wound. Witnesses say that Bahia's car was first hit from the front by a bullet, and was then hit by a sniper round.[29] Amateur video of Bahia's car, apparently taken the morning after the shooting, shows a bullet hole in the windshield, and a bullet hole in the rear window.[30] The Bahrain Defence Force claims that Bahia was hit in the back of her head by shrapnel from a .50 caliber bullet that splintered as it hit a hard surface after it was fired at an SUV containing two intoxicated westerners who failed to stop at a military checkpoint. Two armored vehicles fitted with Browning .50 caliber machine guns were present at the checkpoint where Bahia was shot.[14] A follow-up government report said that BDF personnel acted in accordance with rules of engagement, and that there was no evidence of a crime in her death.[28]
Aziz Jumaa Ali Ayyad 37 Al Hajar 24 Mar 2011 The cause of death was a heart attack. The family reports there were signs of electric shocks on the body, marks on his hands, chest, and a piercing in his stomach.[14] A follow-up government report said that an examination of his body did hot show any injuries, and said there was no evidence of a crime in his death.[28]
Isa Mohamed Ali Abdulla 71 Ma'ameer 25 Mar 2011 According to the report of the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry, no autopsy was conducted, no cause of death was recorded, and the government had not conducted any investigation into his death.[14] The Interior Ministry issued a statement that he died of natural causes. Al Wasat reported that he suffocated when tear gas fired by government forces entered his home.[31] A follow-up government report gave the cause of death as complications from lung cancer, and said a blood test showed no evidence that the deceased had inhaled tear gas.[28]
Hawra Mohammed Saeed (died immediately after being born) Sanabis 29 Mar 2011 Bahrain Justice and Development Movement said she was born dead "because of toxic gases (fired by riot police) that suffocated her mother in her pregnancy".[1]
Sayed Ahmed Shams 14 Sar 30 Mar 2011 No autopsy was conducted, no cause of death has been recorded, and the government has not conducted an effective investigation into his death. Relatives claim to have witnessed him being hit in the head with a tear gas canister fired by police. His father reports that the doctor diagnosed the cause of death as a broken neck.[14][32]
Hasan Jassim Mohamed Maki 39 Karzakan 3 Apr 2011 The cause of death was attributed to cardiac arrest induced by sickle-cell disease. Amnesty International and Médecins Sans Frontières examined the body, and reported the presence of wounds inflicted by sharp objects, suggesting that he had been tortured while detained. His medical condition may have been neglected while he was in government custody; BICI attributed his death to torture.[14]
Khadija Merza Abbas Yusuf Abdulhay N/A Sanabis 5 Apr 2011 The cause of death was bilateral nodular disease and acute pneumonitis caused by severe septic shock. Her family says they took her to the hospital after she inhaled a large amount of tear gas fired by police on 15 March, and were told to come back the following day. They could not access the hospital until 20 March, at which point she was hospitalized and treated for 5 days. Her condition progressively worsened until she died.[14]
Sayed Hameed Mahfoudh Ibrahim Al Mahfoudh 61 Sar 6 Apr 2011 The cause of death was respiratory and circulatory failure. His family report that they found his body in a black plastic bag with signs of physical assault and suffocation. They also report that the police refused to examine the body for some time. While looking for the body, the family saw his car in a police station and tried to approach the vehicle but were stopped by police. The family later found his car in the parking lot of a nearby coffee shop.[14] A follow-up government report said that he died due to natural causes.[28]
Zakariya Rashid Hassan Al Asheri 40 Al Dair 9 Apr 2011 Officially the cause of death is massive heart failure and cardiac arrest following complications of sickle-cell disease while in Ministry of the Interior custody. His family reported that he had never previously experienced harmful effects of sickle-cell disease despite being a carrier. Although the Ministry of Interior informed the family that he had died from sickle-cell disease while asleep, a blindfolded cellmate described hearing prison guards enter their cell and beat Zakariya to death when he refused to be quiet. BICI attributed his death to torture.[14]
Ali Isa Ibrahim Saqer 31 Sehla 9 Apr 2011 The cause of death was hypovolemic shock due to multiple traumas sustained during torture in the custody of the Ministry of the Interior. His body was covered with red bruises, in particular on the back of the hands and around the right eye.[14] The Ministry of the Interior claimed that he had died from injuries received while resisting security forces.[33] Leading human rights defender Nabeel Rajab was reported to the Military Prosecutor by the Interior Ministry for posting allegedly doctored photos of Ali Saqer's corpse to his Twitter account.[34] The photographs were confirmed as genuine by a Human Rights Watch investigator who had seen the body prior to burial.[35][36] BICI attributed his death to torture.[14]
Abdulkarim Ali Ahmed Fakhrawi 49 Karbabad 11 Apr 2011 The cause of death was injuries sustained during torture while in NSA custody. Despite government claims that Fakhrawi's death had occurred during a brawl with two NSA officers and was due to kidney failure witnesses reported hearing him screaming while receiving beatings and then suddenly the screaming stopped, after which one individual said to another, "you killed him."[14]
Aziza Hasan Khamis 25 Bilad Al Qadeem 16 Apr 2011 The cause of death was cardiac arrest and cessation of breathing. She allegedly turned yellow and died from extreme stress after police broke down the door to her house and began choking her brother, and beating and kicking a neighbor's son. A medical report states that she suffered from type 1 diabetes, rendering her vulnerable to psychological stress.[14] A follow-up government report said there was no evidence of a crime in her death.[28]
Mohamed Abdulhusain Farhan 6 Sitra 30 Apr 2011 Allegedly died from suffocation after inhaling tear gas fired by police outside his home.[14] A follow-up government report gave the cause of his death as "1. Cerebral infarction; 2. Possible lupus; 3. General nervous breakdown; 4. Kidney inflammation," and stated that there was no evidence of a crime in his death.[28]
Zainab Ali Ahmed 69 Sanabis 2 Jun 2011 The cause of death was a sharp decline in circulation and respiration. She suffered from asthma. She allegedly inhaled tear gas fired by police, and fell over. An ambulance taking her to the hospital was allegedly subjected to delays at several checkpoints, including two checkpoints where a medic providing breathing assistance to Zainab was questioned.[14] Bahraini authorities denied she died as a result of inhaling tear gas claiming she died of a "chronic heart disease", and that her family said she died of natural causes.[37] A follow-up government report said that she died on the way to the hospital, that the family declined an autopsy, and that there was no evidence of a crime in her death.[28]
Salman Isa Abuidrees 63 Manama, lived in Isa Town 3 Jun 2011 The cause of death was a heart attack caused by heightened blood pressure. He suffered from diabetes. He was allegedly stopped, beaten, and abducted by police after they saw a photo of Hassan Nasrallah on his mirror on 13 March. It emerged later that Salman was in the hospital. When his injuries were allegedly not treated, his family attempted to have him discharged but the hospital refused. After some time, the family was informed that he was undergoing surgery, after which he was transferred to intensive care, where he died.[14]
Jaber Ebrahim Yousif Mohamed 41 Khamis 12 Jun 2011 The cause of death was injuries sustained while in Ministry of the Interior custody. 20 days after his detention Alawiyat's family was allowed to visit him and reported seeing bruises on his face, head and the left hand, which he was unable to move. He was released from custody on 9 June and left outside the entrance to a hospital. He died after three days complaining of stomach pains.[14] A follow-up government report said that "there were no suspicions and/or indications of a criminal act" in his death, and further stated that a sample of his urine tested positive for morphine and hashish.[28]
Hassan Al Sitry 70 Nuwaidrat 19 Jun 2011 Stabbed on the head with a sharp object by unknowns while returning home from mosque after Fajr prayer.[38][39] On 28 December, the criminal court sentenced an unnamed male to 7 years prison after convicting him with unintentional murder.[40]
Sayed Adnan Hasan Al Musawi 44 Al Markh 23 Jun 2011 Died from suffocation after inhaling tear gas fired by police at religious rituals in Diraz.[14] A follow-up government report stated that he was suffering from AIDS, Hepatitis C, and an unspecified "psychological disorder." The report pointed to an infection as the cause of death, and said there was no evidence of a crime.[28]
Majeed Ahmed Mohamed Ali Abdulaal 30 Sehla 30 Jun 2011 The cause of death was a shotgun injury sustained on 14 March 2011 to the right side of his head. He was transferred to a military hospital on 7 April, where he underwent an operation on 29 June and died the following morning.[14]
Zainab Hasan Ahmed Jumaa 38 Sitra 15 Jul 2011 While her death certificate does not identify a cause of death, medical documents say she died of cardiopulmonary arrest. She allegedly died from suffocation after inhaling tear gas thrown by police outside her house. The tear gas entered her room through an air conditioning vent. She could not move out of her room, as she suffered from paraplegia, but a relative carried her out.[14] A follow-up government report said that she died of natural causes, and that her blood tested negative for tear gas.[28]
Isa Ahmed Al Taweel 50 Sitra 31 Jul 2011 Died from suffocation after inhaling tear gas fired by police.[14] A follow-up government report stated that he died from "bacterial poisoning," which aggravated his diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure and cholesterol.[28]
Ali Jawad Alsheikh 14 Sitra 31 Aug 2011 The cause of death was "a fractured spine, internal bleeding, and shock". Witnesses report that they heard shots immediately after seeing a policeman holding a tear gas gun standing out of the top window of a police SUV that was chasing protesters. The Interior Ministry conducted an autopsy, during which investigators from the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry were present. Both the Ministry and the Commission compiled separate forensic reports. The Ministry's report concluded that Ali's injuries were inconsistent with an impact from a tear gas canister because the markings on his neck were too large. The Commission's report concluded that Ali's injuries were consistent with an impact from an unexploded tear gas canister fired at short range. Ali was allegedly refused treatment at a hospital, and subsequently died. The government claims there were no police in the area at the time of the shooting, and has offered a 10,000 Bahraini dinar reward for his death. No progress had been made in the investigation as of the release of the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry's final report on 23 November.[14]
Sayed Jawad Ahmed Hashim Marhoon 36 Sitra 14 Sep 2011 The cause of death was acute chest syndrome as a consequence of sickle-cell disease, although his relatives claim he did not suffer from sickle-cell disease. His death certificate also states that he suffered from pneumonia. His relatives stated that he began suffering breathing problems, as well as head and chest pains after tear gas entered his room on 10 September. Three days later, his family called an ambulance after he was experiencing pains and was unable to breathe.[14] A follow-up government report said there was no evidence of a crime in his death.[28]
Jaafar Hasan Yusuf 29 Demistan 18 Sep 2011 No autopsy was conducted and no cause of death has been recorded. Witnesses say police physically attacked him on two occasions in March, causing severe bruising to his body. He was admitted to a hospital for three days, after which he went to receive treatment in Jordan, where he was diagnosed with Hepatitis and a bowel perforation. He returned to a hospital in Bahrain where he eventually died.[14] A follow-up government report gave the cause of death as "cryptococcal meningitis, AIDS, and granulamatous hepatitis" and said there was no evidence of a crime in his death.[28]
Jaafar Lutfallah 74 Abu Saiba 30 Sep 2011 His family says that he died in a hospital after suffocation from tear gas fired by police on 18 September. The family says that a doctor decided to keep him in the hospital due to the large amount of tear gas he had inhaled. According to the Bahrain Centre for Human Rights (BCHR), he suffered from paraplegia.[14] A follow-up government report gave the cause of death as "1. Nosocomial pneumonia; 2. Chronic coronary obstructions; 3. Coronary heart disease; 4. Chronic kidney failure," and stated that there was no evidence of a crime in his death.[28]
Ahmed Jaber Al Qattan 16 Shakhura 6 Oct 2011 The cause of death was birdshot injuries to the chest. Witnesses report that police shot him.[14] The government first issued a statement saying he was killed by "a police birdshot."[41] The government later deleted the reference to police birdshot from their statement, claiming only that he was killed by "a birdshot."[42] The government now claims that the birdshot used is not a type of birdshot used by police.[14]
Riyadh Hassan Rashed 50 Karrana 29 Oct 2011 Died in Iran due to sustained injuries. The official reason for death is heart failure. He lost his eye allegedly due to a rubber bullet fired by Bahraini security forces and traveled to Iran for treatment. According to an activist Riyadh had birdshot injuries and underwent a number of surgeries in Iran to remove their remains.[43][44]
Ali Hassan Al Daihi 70 Al Daih 3 Nov 2011 Suffered cardiac arrest the day after he was attacked in the evening by police.[16]
Ali Yousif Baddah 16 Sitra 19 Nov 2011 Died when a speeding police vehicle squeezed him into a wall in Juffair. The government claims that the policeman lost control of his vehicle after driving over a pool of oil on a narrow street.[45]
Abdulnabi Kadhem 44 A'ali 23 Nov 2011 Bahrain Centre for Human Rights claims he died after his car was rammed into a wall by a speeding police SUV.[16]
Zahra Saleh 27 Al Daih 7 Dec 2011 She died after a metal rod became embedded in her head. The government claims that protesters threw the rod when she turned to security forces for protection. Protesters claim that police threw the iron rod. Attempts by Al Wefaq to visit her in the hospital were rebuffed by Ministry of Interior employees.[16]
Sajida Faisal Jawad 5 days Bilad Al Qadeem 11 Dec 2011 According to her parents, she died after getting suffocated by tear gas.[16] Ministry of Health claims Sajida died due to bacterial infection.[46]
Ali Ahmed Alqassab 21 Manama, lived in Abu Saiba 15 Dec 2011 Allegedly struck by a civilian car while being chased by police.[16]
Abdali Ali Ahmed 73 Muqsha 17 Dec 2011 Allegedly died from tear gas inhalation.[16] Ministry of Interior claim he died of "natural causes".[47]
Sayed Hashim Saeed Al Mumin[48] 15[49] Sitra, lived in Hamad Town[48] 31 Dec 2011[48] A medical report gave the cause of death as hematomas and bleeding as a result of a neck injury, and noted burns on the bottom-left of his chest and his left forearm. Police allegedly fired two tear gas canisters at his chest and neck from close range. The government released a statement claiming that the burns on Hashim's body were inconsistent with burns caused by a tear gas canister. The statement also said preliminary investigations showed that Sayed participated in attacks on security forces with molotov cocktails that took place throughout the day, and that a full investigation was underway.[48]
Fakhriyya Jassim Mohamed Al Sakran[50] 55[50] Busaiteen, lived in Jid Ali 3 Jan 2012[50] Allegedly died after inhaling tear gas on 1 January. Her family reported that she was in good health until she inhaled the gas.[50][51]
Yousif Ahmed Muwali 24 Galali 11 Jan 2012 Yousif Ahmed Muwali went missing on 9 January. When his family filed a missing persons report on 11 January, they were told by a police officer that Yousif was at the General Directorate of Criminal Investigations and Forensic Evidence (CID) in Adliya. The Ministry of the Interior denied having Mulawi in their custody. They claimed that he had drowned and his body had been found after being washed ashore on the Amwaj Islands on 13 January. The death certificate indicated that death had occurred approximately 2 days previously.[52]

MOI proceeded to carry out an autopsy without obtaining the consent of the family, who were not allowed to see the body until the following morning. His family said there were obvious signs of torture such as cigarette burns and bruises on his body, especially head, neck and arm.[53] Despite the family's claim that Mulawi had been tortured to death the Ministry of the Interior insisted that the cause of death had been drowning.

Al Wefaq called for an international independent investigation in the case, alleging a loss of all confidence in the integrity of the Bahraini judiciary and security forces.[54] The body was only handed back to the family on 21 January - 10 days after Mulawi's death. The funeral took place in Muharraq the same day.

Badriya Ali 59 Sanabis 14 Jan 2012 Bahrain Centre for Human Rights claims that she set herself on fire after she "suffered from sever depression for months" after her son was arrested and beaten by security forces in front of her.[55]
Salma Mohsin 21 Barbar 15 Jan 2012 Bahrain Centre for Human Rights claims she died as a result of suffocation by teargas when security forces fired a canister into her house.[55]
Yaseen Jassim Al-Asfoor 11 or 14 Ma'ameer 20 Jan 2012 Bahrain Centre for Human Rights claims that he died after being hospitalized 3 weeks prior to his death as a result of inhaling tear gas.[56] Information Affairs Authority claims that Yaseen died as a result of a hereditary disease.[57]
Mohamed Khamis al-Khunaizi 24 or 25 Jidhafs 20 Jan 2012 February 14 Youth Coalition[58] and rights groups[59][60] claim he died as a result of inhaling tear gas. However, Information Affairs Authority said Mohamed was discovered dead from a drug overdose.[61]
Saeed Ali Hassan Al-Sikry 65 Noaim, lived in A'ali 25 Jan 2012 His family said he died due to "excessive tear gas that was thrown in the area the night before".[62] Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) also reported he died due to tear gas inhalation.[60] Information Affairs Authority said Al-Sikry fell while in the bathroom on January 25 and died in hospital. Blood tests were ordered but no results were released (as of 2 February 2012).[63]
Abbas Jaffaar al-Sheikh 25 Al Daih 25 Jan 2012 Information Affairs Authority said Abbas who had cancer since last year, was admitted to hospital but died on January 25 after undergoing surgery.[63] However, BCHR said al-Sheikh was a protester injured many times with birdshot and that exposure to tear gas "may have sped up the cancer". They demanded an "independent forensic examination of the deceased".[62] Al Jazeera reported that "studies on the cancer-causing effects of tear gas have been inconclusive".[64] February 14 Youth Coalition named him a "field leader" blaming his death on injures he sustained.[65]
Muntathar Saeed Fakhar 37 Al Daih 25 Jan 2012 General Directorate of Traffic said that Muntather died in hospital after sustaining injuries as a result of car accident with security forces. They claimed he had high percentage of alcohol and anesthetic drugs in his blood, blaming him for the accident.[66] However, BCHR said Fakhar died due to torture in Hoora police station. Citing a witness they said he was beaten at the time of arrest after the accident. They also cited an image saying it "looks like marks of a shoe on the head of the victim".[62]
Mohammed Ibrahim Yacoub 17 or 19 Sitra 26 Jan 2012 The Interior Ministry announced that Mohammed was "free of injuries," and that his death was related to his Sickle Cell Disease.[67] A former Al Wefaq member of parliament says that witnesses saw police torture Mohamed outside a police station.[68] The Public Prosecution reportedly objected a request to have an independent coroner examine the body.[69]
Zahraa Ali Hassan Al-Hawwaj 69 Noaim 1 Feb 2012 Her family said she inhaled tear gas on many occasions, and her "health deteriorated immediately" after being exposed to tear gas on 12 January. Although the BCHR reported she did not suffer from illnesses in the past, she was diagnosed with lung inflammation after being hospitalized and died on 1 February.[70] PHR also reported she died due to tear gas inhalation.[60]
Abdali Abdulla Mohammed Al Ma'ameery 58 Ma'ameer 1 Feb 2012 The BCHR reported that his family said he died due to tear gas inhalation.[70] PHR also reported he died due to tear gas inhalation.[60]
Ali Isa Abdulla Al Hayki 48 Samaheej 6 Feb 2012 The BCHR reported that his family said he died due to inhaling tear gas on 1 February.[71] PHR also reported he died due to tear gas inhalation.[60]
Fatima Albasri 32 Nabih Saleh 12 Feb 2012 BJDM[1] and Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights (BYSHR)[72] said she died as a result of complications in lung due to inhaling tear gas.
Hussain Albaqali 19 Jidhafs 17 Feb 2012 Reuters claimed that he died of burns sustained in January while burning tires in a protest timed to coincide with the 2012 Bahrain International Air Show. He did not seek timely medical attention, according to his family, due to fear of arrest.[73] The Ministry of Interior says that Hussain's father, mother, and aunt all confirmed that Hussain had burned himself while trying to commit suicide as part of a family dispute. They further state that Hussain himself admitted to the suicide attempt, and that his confession was "recorded on audio and video tapes." The Ministry did not release any audio or video of the alleged confession with their statement.[74]
Claimed footage of the tire-burning incident that led to Hussain Albaqali's death on YouTube
Mansoor Salman 85 Sitra 19 Feb 2012 The Bahrain Centre for Human Rights said that Mansoor died as a result of a deterioration in his health that began when he inhaled tear gas fired by security forces on 2 February 2012.[75]
Rose Nisha Naikarottu Baby Varghese 28 India, lived in Manama 21 Feb 2012 On 25 January, she entered a coma during an asthma attack that her family says may have been caused by tear gas inhalation. She died on 21 February, a day before she was to be sent home to India for treatment.[76]
Abda Hussain 70s Sehla 25 Feb 2012 Al Wefaq said she died of tear gas inhalation.[77]
Habbib Kadhem Ahmed Al Mulla 60 South Sehla 29 Feb 2012 Al Manar,[78] BCHR[79] and BYSHR[72] reported that he died due to tear gas inhalation.
Sayed Jaffar Salman Juma'a Al Alawi 75 Shakhura 2 Mar 2012 BCHR said he died as a result of injuries inflicted by security forces to the head and pelvis since 15 February 2011. He was reportedly in coma for a long while and even after waking up from it, he was admitted again, till his death on 2 March 2012.[16]
Yahya Yousif 45 days Ras Rumman 5 Mar 2012 The BCHR report that, officially, he died due to inflammation of the abdomen and acids in the blood. However, his father blamed tear gas for his son's death. He said his wife inhaled excessive amounts of tear gas while she was pregnant and lost consciousness move than 10 times a result.[80] PHR reported he died due to "[t]ear gas exposure during mother’s pregnancy".[60]
Sakina Ali Ahmed Marhoon 78 Abu Saiba 6 Mar 2012 Al Wefaq[81] and BCHR[80] reported that her family said she was hospitalized on 6 February 2012 as a result of inhaling tear gas and died on 6 March 2012.
Fadel Mirza Al Obeidi 21 or 22 Diraz 10 Mar 2012 According to the Bahrain Centre for Human Rights, police shot Mirza in the head with a tear gas canister during a peaceful protest on 1 March, and then beat him on his injury. He was declared clinically dead on 2 March,[82] and eventually died on 10 March.[83]
Jaffar Jassem Radhi 41 Muqsha 17 Mar 2012 BCHR,[84] PHR[60] and BYSHR[72] said he died due to tear gas inhalation. Al Wefaq issued a short statement saying Radhi "died due to suffocation from toxic gases as confirmed by his family members"[85]
Sabrie Mahfoodh Yousif 27 Shahrakkan 18 Mar 2012 Al Wefaq[86][87] and BCHR[84] reported that his family blamed tear gas for his death. Both sources said he was a victim to torture during emergency period (March to June 2011) and had an injury in his chest after being his with rubber bullets. PHR reported he died due to tear gas inhalation.[60]
Abda Ali Abdulhussain 59 A'ali 23 Mar 2012 Her family said they believe she died as result of tear gas. Abda was recently discharged from hospital where she was diagnosed to have lung inflammation after being exposed to tear gas. On 23 March, she lost consciousness and fell in the bathroom after tear gas "spread all over place" and died before the ambulance could arrive at her house, her family reported. The next day, Abda's family submitted a complaint to a police station.[88][89]
Ahmad Abdulnabi Abdulrasool 31 Shahrakkan 24 Mar 2012 His family blamed tear gas for his death.[90] His cousin said Ahmed was a sailor and had a healthy body, however he and his sister have been sick and coughing bloody since a tear gas canister was fired into their house on 16 March evening. His family submitted a complaint to a nearby police station.[91]
Hassan Majjid Hassan 72 Demestan 28 Mar 2012 BJDM said he died due to tear gas inhalation.[1]
Ahmed Ismael Hassan Abdulsamad Al Salmabadi 22 Salmabad 31 Mar 2012 Ahmed, a cameraman and citizen journalist was protesting in Salmabad when he was shot by gunfire in his upper right tight and subsequently died in hospital. Witnesses said at about 1:30 am Al-Salmabadi was shot with a laser-pointed gun by a civilian car accompanying security forces. Apparently, he was targeted due to filming from a video camera, witness said. Al Wefaq blamed "militants loyal to the regime" for Al-Salmabadi's death. Interior Ministry denied police shot him and said investigations are still ongoing. "The first results of the inquiry do not enable us to identify those responsible for the gunfire," a statement by interior ministry said.[92][93][94]
Khadija Mohamed Ali Abbas 49 Ma'ameer 5 Apr 2012 BCHR[16] and BJDM[1] said she died due to tear gas inhalation. A follow-up government report reported that she suffered from diabetes, hypertension, and "severe dysfunction of her triple heart valve with lung high blood pressure in the pulmonary artery." The report said there was no evidence of a crime in her death.[28]
Sayed Mohammed Radhi Al Mahfoodh - Saar 13 Apr 2012 BJDM said "[r]iot police jeep rammed into the martyrs car few times near Al-Bandar roundabout, which resulted in a critical head injury".[1]
Salah Abbas Habib 37 Bilad Al Qadeem, lived in Shakhura 21 Apr 2012 Al-Wefaq says he died after being beaten by riot police on the eve of the Bahrain Grand Prix.[95] Rights group released photos showing "injuries from a close-range blast of birdshot" blaming security forces for his death. "He had birdshot wounds in his chest and abdomen," said the deceased brother, Hussain.[7]
Shabeer Mammed 27 India, lived in Sanad 22 Apr 2012 BCHR linked his death to tear gas inhalation after residents in the area reported it was fired the night before.[16] Local newspapers reported that the deceased was found dead on his bed. A resident said paramedics told him that Mammed died due to heart failure.[96][97]
Batool Mohammad Sadiq Abdul-Jalil (died immediately after being born) Sanad 7 June 2012 According to Ahlul Bayt News Agency, she was born dead after her mother inhaled tear gas during pregnancy.[98]
Ahmad Salim Al Dhufairi 18 Riffa, lived in Hamad Town 7 Jun 2012 Al-Watan pro-government newspaper reported he died in Jordan after receiving medical treatment for injuries when a "strange object" set up by "terrorists" exploded near his home in Hamad Town on 18 April while he was trying to remove burning tires set by protesters in the street.[99] According to the newspaper, the deceased family blamed Al-Wefaq, its head Ali Salman and its spiritual leader Isa Qassim for his death due to "calls for crushing",[100] in reference to Qassim's speech in a Friday sermon in January when he said: "Whoever you see abusing a woman, crush him".[101] Ministry of Interior did not issue any statement about the incident and Al Wasat failed to get details from the Ministry.[102]
Maryam Nasser Abdullah 80 Sadad 9 Jun 2012 February 14 Youth Coalition said she died on Saturday as a result of complications due to inhaling tear gas fired by security forces the earlier day.[103]
Sayed Hassan Isa 18 months Nabih Saleh 27 Jun 2012 Nabih Saleh news network said he died due to lung tumor which developed because of inhaling large amounts of tear gas.[104]
Husam Al Haddad 16 Muqarrah 17 Aug 2012 Died in hospital as a result of injuries sustained by security forces.[105] Ministry of Interior said security forces were acting in defense when a group of attackers, including al-Haddad, threw several molotov cocktails at them.[105][106] BCHR, however said al-Haddad was shot with shotgun. "[Al-Haddad] was kicked repeatedly by a man in civilian clothing in front of security forces", a family member said.[105] Witnesses said al-Haddad was "soaked in blood" when a family member retrieved him.[105] Human Rights Watch said al-Haddad was unarmed.[107] Images said to be for al-Haddad body posted by opposition activists showed what appeared to be severe bruises and "dozens of birdshot wounds",[108] especially to the back and right hand.[106] Hundreds participated in the funeral held the next day which ended peacefully, according to witnesses.[108]
Hassan Abdullah Ali Ahmed 59 Sitra 18 Sep 2012 Mohamed, son of the deceased said his father died due to health complications as a result of prolonged inhalation of tear gas.[109] The head of the Central Governorate said the death was due to a circulatory disorder and that brother of the deceased who was present at the morgue refused an autopsy test.[110]
Ali Hussain Ni’ma 17 Sadad 29 Sep 2012 Ni’ma died after getting injured by security forces at night. Ministry of Interior said police acted in self-defense when their patrol was attacked with fire bombs and iron rods in what it described as a "terror act". Al Wefaq opposition party on the other hand accused security forces of attacking a peaceful protest with birdshot.[111]
Mohammed Mushaima 22 Al Daih 2 Oct 2012 According to the Ministry of Interior, Mushaima was pronounced dead in Manama on 2 October as a result of complications from sickle-cell anemia. He had been hospitalized in Salmaniya Hospital since August 2011 and his lawyers say they had asked the Bahraini courts to release Mushaima because of his bad health, but the courts had rejected the request.[112]
Huda Sayed Neama Sayed Hassan 11 months Bu Quwa 16 Oct 2012 According to Ahlul Bayt News Agency, she died after getting suffocated by tear gas.[113]
Mahdi Ali Al Marhoon 60 Ma'ameer 17 Oct 2012 Marhoon died in a hospital months after he was subjected to intense suffocation from tear gas fired by police.[114]
Imran Ahmed Mohammed 19 Pakistan 19 Oct 2012 According to the Ministry of Interior, he was killed by a homemade bomb in the village of Eker.[115] The government released a video of the alleged bombing.[116] Two days later, the Minister of the Interior stated that the policeman had been killed by shrapnel from an iron rod launched from a distance of 100 meters.[117]
Ghulam Mustafa Faiz Ahmed 24 Pakistan 25 Oct 2012 Suffered burn injuries during a firebomb attack in Karzakan on April 2012.[118]
Assiya Hassan Al Madeh 43 Jidhafs 4 Nov 2012 Died from suffocation after inhaling tear gas fired by police.[119]
Shajib Mian Shukur Mian 33 Bangladesh 5 Nov 2012 Died of injuries from explosives devices in Gudaibiya.[120]
Thirunavukkarasu Murugaiiyan 29 India 5 Nov 2012 Murugaiiyan died as a result of injuries sustained from explosives devices in Gudaibiya area of Manama, after kicking an object wrapped in plastic bag which blew up. It occurred when Murugaiiyan was walking behind his brother who was on the cellphone.[121]
Ali Abbas Radhi 16 Samaheej 9 Nov 2012 Died immediately when police chased him while he was heading to Friday Prayers in Duraz, when he ran away a speeding car hit him.[122]
Basel Mansoor Al Qattan 44 Shakhura 19 Dec 2012 BCHR said he died due to the excessive inhalation of toxic tear gas thrown on his area.[123]
Zainab Al Fardan (died immediately after being born) Karzakan 24 Dec 2012 Born dead due to excessive inhalation by her mother of toxic tear gas.[124]
Habib Ibrahim Abdullah 88 Malkiya 12 Jan 2013 Family members of Abdullah said Abdullah's health had deteriorated after inhaling toxic lethal gasses that are used excessively by the regime forces. According to family members, both Abdullah and his grandson Ali, aged 9, were exposed to a large amount of lethal gas. The nine-year-old is suffering from side effects and now receiving treatment abroad. Abdullah died earlier in the day after inhaling poisonous teargas.[125]
Qassim Habib Marzooq 8 Karbabad 26 Jan 2013 Marzooq died few days after he was admitted into hospital on 19 January with breathing problem attributed to tear gas fired by police at earlier clashes with protesters in the area of Karbabad.[126]
Amina Sayed Mahdi 36 Abu Saiba 13 Feb 2013 On the eve of the second anniversary of Bahraini uprising, Mahdi died of a lung infection after spending a month in hospital. According to Jihan Kazerooni, an activist who documented Mahdi's case, she lived in the village of Abu Saiba and was often exposed to tear gas as she made her way past clashes near her home. Mahdi suffered frequent stomach pains, vomiting, difficulty breathing and would sometimes faint from exposure to the gas before even reaching her house. While Mahdi had pre-existing medical conditions that raise questions about her death, her family directly blames the police, and thousands of mourners who attended her funeral on 15 February attest to the widely held view that it was the government’s vicious use of tear gas that slowly killed her.[127]
Ali Ahmed Ibrahim Al Jazeeri 16 Al Daih 14 Feb 2013 According to Al-Wefaq, Jazeeri was directly shot with shotgun pellets from a close range during clashes on the second anniversary of the uprising.[128]
Mohammed Asif Khan 23 Pakistan 14 Feb 2013 Chief of Public Security Tariq Hassan Al Hassan said while Asif and several other policemen were "securing roads and maintaining order" during a clashes in Sehla between demonstrators and security forces on the second anniversary of the uprising, he was targeted by protesters who shot a projectile that fatally injured him. He died on his way to hospital.[129]
Mahmood Al Jazeeri 20 Nabih Saleh 22 Feb 2013 On the second anniversary of Bahraini uprising, Mahmood suffered a direct hit to the head from a tear gas canister fired by a member of the state security forces. Later a video reportedly depicting the incident appeared on YouTube. In it the victim can be seen bending down when a police officer, who is no more than 15 metres away, fires a tear gas canister directly at his head. On 22 February, Mahmood died in Salmaniya Medical Complex as a result of his injuries. Later that evening, the interior ministry pre-emptively distanced themselves from any potential responsibility in Mahmood’s death by announcing a carefully worded investigation into the "circumstances surrounding the initial injury". Mahmood’s funeral has also been the cause of tensions between the Ministry of the Interior and Al Jaziri’s family. The debate centred around the fact that the family wanted to have the funeral procession in the village of Al-Daih, whereas the MOI wanted the procession to be in Nabih Saleh. The dispute lasted 12 days, and eventually the family agreed for the procession and burial to be in Nabih Saleh.[130]
Hawra Yousif Omran (died immediately after being born) Nuwaidrat 18 Mar 2013 Suffer from excessive inhalation by his mother of toxic tear gas during her pregnancy.[131]
Jaffar Jassem Al Taweel 35 Sitra 26 Mar 2013 According to his family, Jaffar died as a result of inhaling tear gas that was thrown at his house heavily which contributed to the deterioration of his health. He inhaled large amounts of tear gas on 14 March after being fired upon directly, and his health deteriorated on the same day. Two days later, his health condition was worsened and he was taken to hospital before he passed away.[132]
Abdul Ghani Al Rayyes 66 Diraz 1 Apr 2013 Bahrain Centre for Human Rights (BCHR) claims he dies after reportedly hearing his son, Ahmed, screaming inside while being beaten in Budaiyah police station. He was not allowed to see Ahmed, and forced out of the police station. He fell unconscious and was moved to the International Hospital of Bahrain. The death certificate stated "dead on arrival" as the immediate cause of death without mentioning the fact that he has hypertension. Ahmed was shortly released after news of his fathers death. Abdul Ghani's daughter fainted after hearing news of her fathers death, and had to be moved to the hospital.[133]
Syed Imran Hamid 31 Karzakan 28 May 2013 [134]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "87 killed since 14th February 2011". Bahrain Justice and Development Movement. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b Staff writer (3 August 2011). "Bahrain: MSF Condemns Armed Raid On Office and Detention of Staff Member". Médecins Sans Frontières. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  3. ^ 4 on 14 February (BICI page 68), 25 on 15 February [1], 600+ on 17 February [2], 774 on 11 March [3], 905+ on 13 March [4] [5] [6], 250 on 15 March [7] and 150+ on 16 March [8]
  4. ^ Bill Law (24 February 2012). "Bahrain's 'underground medics' secretly treat injured protesters". BBC. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  5. ^ Dorothy Parvaz (6 January 2012). "Bahraini activist beaten by 'riot police'". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Bahrain minister says 24 people dead in uprisings – Politics & Economics. ArabianBusiness.com. 29 March 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  7. ^ a b Gregg Carlstrom (23 April 2012). "Bahrain court delays ruling in activists case". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  8. ^ "Track down my father's killers". Gulf Daily News. 13 June 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  9. ^ "Martyrs' Families Visited". Daily Tribune. 24 April 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "طعنه الإرهابيون بوحشية وبلا رأفة وسكاكينهم اخترقت جسده النحيل". Al Ayam. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "تشييع جنازة راشد المعمري بمقبرة الرفاع". Al Wasat. 22 March 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  12. ^ "Bahrain king declares martial law over protests". Associated Press. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  13. ^ Chulov, Martin (15 March 2011). "Three killed as Bahrain's king declares martial law". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb Report of the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry (PDF) (Report). Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry. 23 November 2011. 
  15. ^ a b List of people killed in Bahrain since 14 February 2011 – Extrajudicial Killing -Bahrain Centre for Human Rights.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k List of people killed in Bahrain since 14th February 2011 (Report). Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 18 December 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Bahrain: Investigate Deaths Linked to Crackdown (Report). Human Rights Watch. 29 March 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  18. ^ Chulov, Martin (18 February 2011). "Bahrain protest: 'The regime must fall, and we will make sure it does'". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  19. ^ Bahrain: Army, Police Fire on Protesters (Report). Human Rights Watch. 18 February 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  20. ^ Staff writer (13 March 2011). "وفاة الشاب علي الدمستاني وتضارب الأنباء بشأن سبب وفاته". Al Wasat. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  21. ^ Staff writer (23 March 2011). "تشييع جنازة راشد المعمري بمقبرة الرفاع". Al Wasat. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  22. ^ انظر ماذا ادى اغلاق الشوارع ? (in Arabic). Bahrain. 13 March 2011. 
  23. ^ [9] and [10]
  24. ^ "Crane driver died during demolition of monument". Gulf Daily News. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  25. ^ Bahrain: Investigate Shooting, Arrest of Man Caught Up in Police Sweep (Report). Human Rights Watch. 23 March 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  26. ^ Martyr of Al Hajaar Village "Jawad Shamlan". 22 March 2011. 
  27. ^ Martyr of Al hajaar village of "Jawad Shamlan". 22 March 2011. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p BICI Follow-Up Report (PDF) (Report). BICI Follow-Up Unit. November 2011. 
  29. ^ الحلواجي, صادق (23 March 2011). "حشود تشيِّع "بهية العرادي" إلى مثواها الأخير". Al Wasat (Manama). 
  30. ^ دماء بسيارة بهية العرادي برصاص الجيش (in Arabic). Al Qadam, Bahrain. 17 March 2011. 
  31. ^ وفاة سبعيني في المعامير اختناقاً بغازات "الأمن" و "الداخلية" تنفي [Death of septuagenarian in Ma'ameer by suffocation from gas, Public Security and Ministry of Interior deny]. Al Wasat (in Arabic). 26 March 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  32. ^ Sayed Shams's name was mistranscribed by the BICI as "Saeed"
  33. ^ "A detainee died in detention". Ministry of Interior, Bahrain. 9 April 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2011. 
  34. ^ Nabil Rajab to be referred to military prosecutor for fabricating photo (Report). Ministry of Interior Media Center. 2011-04-10. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  35. ^ "Bahrain: Attack on Rights Defender’s Home", HRW website, 18 April 2011, accessed 18 May 2011
  36. ^ "Bahrain accuses human rights leader of faking pictures of beating", Guardian website, 11 April 2011, Accessed 18 May 2011
  37. ^ Staff writer (3 June 2011). "Capital Governorate Police Director denies Al Jazeera news about death of a citizen". Bahrain News Agency. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  38. ^ Staff writer (21 June 2011). عائلة الفقيد الستري: الغموض يلف ملابسات وفاة والدنا (in Arabic). Al Wasat. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  39. ^ Staff writer (20 June 2011). الحاج حسن الستري المؤمن المغدور به (in Arabic). Al Wefaq. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  40. ^ Staff writer (28 December 2011). السجن 7 سنوات بحق قاتل البحريني بهورة سند (in Arabic). Al Wasat. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  41. ^ Goodman, J. David (7 October 2011). "Protests Swell in Bahrain After Boy’s Death". New York Times: The Lede. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  42. ^ Staff writer (7 October 2011). "Immediate Investigation into Ahmed Al Jaber's Death Ordered". Bahrain News Agency. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  43. ^ (Arabic) "وفاة بحريني بعد سفرة للعلاج لايران من اجل عينة التي اصيبت من قبل النظام". Al-Jazeera Al-Arabiya Magazine. 30 October 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  44. ^ (Arabic) "الشهيد رياض عبد الله يوارى الثرى بمدينة قم في تشييع مهيب". Al-Jazeera Al-Arabiya Magazine. 2 November 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  45. ^ "Bahraini youth dies after being run over by police car". Deutsche Presse Agentur. 19 November 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  46. ^ Staff writer (12 December 2011). ""الصحة": الرضيعة ساجدة توفيت بسبب تسمم جرثومي". Al Wasat. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  47. ^ Staff writer (18 December 2011). "Abdulali Ahmed death". Ministry of the Interior (Bahrain). Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  48. ^ a b c d إصابة في العنق تنهي حياة فتى آخر [An injury to the neck ends the life of another boy]. Al-Wasat (in Arabic). 1 January 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  49. ^ Urgent appeal, 15 year old Sayed Hashim Sayed Saeed killed today, areas under attack (Report). Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  50. ^ a b c d Bahraini woman killed by gov't tear gas (Report). Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 3 January 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2012. 
  51. ^ Staff writer (4 January 2012). "شهيدة جديدة.. بهدف القتل بدون رصاص قوات الأمن البحرينية تستخدم غازات سامة". Al-Manar. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  52. ^ Image for Yousif Ahmed Muwali Death certificate.
  53. ^ Staff writer (14 January 2012). "Death of 24 year old, family claims tortured to death and other updates". Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  54. ^ Staff writer (14 January 2012). "شيعة البحرين يطالبون بتحقيق دولي في وفاة شاب تحت التعذيب". Reuters. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  55. ^ a b Staff writer (15 January 2012). "Badriya Ali dies after self immolation, Salma Muhsin suffocates to death". Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  56. ^ Staff writer (20 January 2012). "المحافظة: الطفل العصفور إستشهد متأثرا بالغازات المسيلة للدموع". Manama Voice. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  57. ^ Staff writer (20 January 2012). "MOI statement regarding death of Yaseen Al-Asfoor". Bahrain Information Affairs Authority. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  58. ^ Staff writer (20 January 2012). "Death of Mohamed Khamis al-Khunaizi by tear gas". February 14 Youth Coalition. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  59. ^ "Two more deaths in Bahrain due to teargas, activist beaten, and other updates". Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 21 January 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  60. ^ a b c d e f g h "Tear-Gas Related Deaths in Bahrain". Physicians for Human Rights. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  61. ^ Staff writer (20 January 2012). "MOI statement regarding death of Mohamed al-Khunaizi". Bahrain Information Affairs Authority. Retrieved 21 January 2012. 
  62. ^ a b c "Four deaths in Bahrain on the 25th of January, situation rapidly deteriorating". Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  63. ^ a b CNN Wire staff (30 January 2012). "Bahrain government refutes claims over protester deaths". CNN. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  64. ^ Gregg Carlstrom (2 April 2012). "Bahraini villagers fear effects of tear gas". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  65. ^ Staff writer (25 January 2012). "Abbas Jaffaar al-Sheikh death" (in Arabic). February 14 Youth Coalition. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  66. ^ Staff writer (25 January 2012). "وفاة مواطن بعد اصطدام سيارته بدوريات امن في البديع". Al Ayam (Bahrain). Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  67. ^ "4 killed in protests in Bahrain, opposition group says". CNN. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  68. ^ "Bahraini protester tortured to death: opposition". Al Akhbar (Lebanon). 26 January 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  69. ^ Four deaths in Bahrain on the 25th of January, situation rapidly deteriorating (Report). Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  70. ^ a b "Bahrain: Two Deaths Due to Tear Gas Inhalation on the 1st Feb 2012". Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 2 February 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  71. ^ "New death due to tear gas inhalation". Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  72. ^ a b c "Update: The Names of those who have died because of the Tear Gas (suffocation)". Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights. 27 March 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  73. ^ "2 Westerners Are Detained as Protests Continue to Roil Bahrain". Reuters. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  74. ^ Al Baqali committed suicide after family dispute (Report). Ministry of Interior (Bahrain). 17 February 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  75. ^ February 18: Another Death Caused by Excessive Use of Tear Gas by Security Forces (Report). Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 18 February 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  76. ^ Haider, Aniqa (22 February 2012). "Coma woman due to be flown home for treatment dies". Gulf Daily News. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  77. ^ "Bahrain opposition says 'violations' on rise since probe". Agence France-Presse. 25 February 2012. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  78. ^ "Thousands of Bahrainis Mourn another Tear Gas Victim". Al Manar. 29 February 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  79. ^ "February 29: A new case of death due to tear gas suffocation". Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  80. ^ a b "Bahrain: Two more deaths caused by tear gas". Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  81. ^ (Arabic) "استشهاد السيدة سكينة مرهون بعد اختناقها بالغازات المسيلة للدموع". Al Wefaq. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  82. ^ March 2: Clinical death to protester after direct shot of tear gas (Report). Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 2 March 2012. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  83. ^ The Death of an Activist who was Injured by Riot Police During Protest (Report). Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights. 10 March 2012. Retrieved 10 March 2012. 
  84. ^ a b "Two victims pass away because of tear gas in less than 24 hours". Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  85. ^ Staff writer (18 March 2012). "Another Victim of Toxic Gasses used by Bahrain security forces Alwefaq mourns new Martyr: Jaffar Ja". Al Wefaq. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  86. ^ "Bahrain security forces clash with youths: witnesses". AFP. 18 March 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012. Archived 14 June 2012.
  87. ^ Staff writer (18 March 2012). "الوفاق تنعى صبري محفوظ الذي رحل شهيداً". Al Wefaq. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  88. ^ Staff writer (24 March 2012). "وفاة بحرينية والعائلة تقدم بلاغاً لموتها بـ "مسيلات الدموع"". Al Wasat. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  89. ^ Andrew Hammond (23 March 2012). "Bahraini protesters battle police outside Manama". Reuters. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  90. ^ Staff writer (24 March 2012). "الوفاق تنعى الشهيد احمد عبد النبي الذي قضى بالغازات القاتلة التي تستخدمها السلطة في البحرين". Al Wefaq. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  91. ^ Staff writer (25 March 2012). "عائلة متوفى شهركان تتقدم ببلاغ للشرطة". Al Wasat. Retrieved 25 March 2012. 
  92. ^ Staff writer (31 March 2012). "Bahrain: Armed civilians affiliated with the security forces kill a citizen journalist". BCHR. Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  93. ^ Staff writer (31 March 2012). "Bahrain says gunfire killed young protester". San Jose Mercury News (via Associated Press). Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  94. ^ Staff writer (31 March 2012). "'Regime gunmen' kill Bahrain protester: opposition". France 24. Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  95. ^ "Bahrain protester found dead on eve of grand prix". The Guardian. 21 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  96. ^ (Arabic) Mohammed al-Jidhafsi (23 April 2012). "وفاة آسيوي بسكنه في سند". Al Wasat. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  97. ^ Aniqa Haider (23 April 2012). "Indian worker found dead". Gulf Daily News. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  98. ^ (Arabic) "بالصور الجنین الشهیدة «بتول محمد صادق» من سند". 11 June 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012
  99. ^ (Arabic) "وفاة الشاب أحمد الظفيري متأثراً بإصابته في «انفجار مدينة حمد»". Al-Watan. 8 June 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  100. ^ (Arabic) "وصول جثمان الشهيد أحمد الظفيري اليوم ومواراته الثرى غداً". Al-Watan. 9 June 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  101. ^ "Bahrain police under attack after Shia cleric's call". BBC. 26 January 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  102. ^ (Arabic) "مواراة الظفيري في مثواه الأخير". Al Wasat. 11 June 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  103. ^ (Arabic) "استشهاد بحرينية بغازات سامة أطلقتها السلطات على منزلها". Al Manar. 10 June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  104. ^ (Arabic) "استشهاد الطفل سيد حسن عيسى و النيابة توجه تهمة التجمهر لمتظاهر يرقد في العناية القصوى". Al Watan. 27 June 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  105. ^ a b c d "Teenager killed by riot police in Bahrain". Al Jazeera English. 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  106. ^ a b "Bahrain police shoot dead Shiite teenager". AFP (France 24). 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  107. ^ "Bahraini teenager beaten to death during clashes with police". Russia Today. 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  108. ^ a b "Bahraini teenager killed in clash with police". Reuters. 18 August 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  109. ^ (Arabic) Hassan al-Madhoob (20 September 2012). "سترة تشيع الحاج حسن... وابنه: والدي توفي بسبب مسيلات الدموع". Al-Wasat. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  110. ^ (Arabic) "«النيابة»: وفاة الحاج حسن عبدالله نتيجة توقف الدورة الدموية". Al-Wasat. 21 September 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  111. ^ "Bahrain police kill one in Shiite village". AFP. The Sun. 29 September 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  112. ^ "Bahraini protester 'dies of illness in custody'". Agence France-Presse (via France24). 2 October 2012. 
  113. ^ "11-Month-old Bahraini 'Huda' Martyrs Due to Poisonous Tear Gas". Ahlul Bayt News Agency. 16 October 2012. 
  114. ^ "Bahrain: Two martyrs as UK Government is criticised for pro-Alkhalifa stands". Bahrain Freedom Movement. 19 October 2012. 
  115. ^ "Bahrain detains seven over killing of policeman". Reuters. 21 October 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  116. ^ البحرين : الاعتداء الارهابي على افراد الشرطة في العكر. Bahrain News Agency. 19 October 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  117. ^ "وزير الداخلية: إشاعات مغرضة تتعمد إثارة الفوضى وتضليل الرأي العام بأن العكر محاصرة". Al-Wasat. 21 October 2012. Retrieved 21 October 2012. 
  118. ^ "Officer’s body ‘is awaiting repatriation’" (PDF). Gulf Daily News. 29 October 2012. 
  119. ^ "Bahrain: Two martyrs as nationality of 31 natives illegally revoked". Bahrain Freedom Movement. 9 November 2012. 
  120. ^ "Bahraini Government Fails Migrant Community". Migrant Rights. 5 November 2012. 
  121. ^ "Indian among two killed in Bahrain blasts". The Hindu. 5 November 2012. 
  122. ^ "عائلة "فتى سماهيج": ابننا توفي بحادث مرور بعد ملاحقته من قوات الأمن". Al Wasat. 10 November 2012. 
  123. ^ "Bahrain: Bassil Al-Qattan; Extensive Use of Teargas by Bahrain’s Authorities Claims Another Victim". BCHR. 30 December 2012. 
  124. ^ "Repression intensifies as British MP hailed for refusing regime’s gift". Bahrain Freedom Movement (via Shafaqna). 28 December 2012. 
  125. ^ "Teargas, clashes at funeral for Bahraini protester". Russia Today. 14 January 2013. 
  126. ^ "Bahrain protesters, police clash following child’s funeral". Trend. 27 January 2013. 
  127. ^ "Scenes From a Bahraini Burial". The Nation. 20 February 2013. 
  128. ^ "Teen killed in protests on Bahrain revolt anniversary". Reuters. 14 February 2013. 
  129. ^ "Police Officer Dies In Unprovoked Attack". Bahrain News Agency. 15 February 2013. 
  130. ^ "Media Distortion & Lack of Police Accountability: The Death of Mahmood al-Jaziri". Bahrain Watch. 22 March 2013. 
  131. ^ "استشهاد جنين بسبب غازات الشرطة البحرينية في النويدرات". Islam Times. 18 March 2013. 
  132. ^ "الوفاق": وفاة المواطن جعفر الطويل بالغازات المسيلة للدموع (in Arabic). Al Wasat. 27 March 2013. 
  133. ^ "Bahrain: Father Dies after Reportedly Hearing his Arrested Son Subjected to Beatings at Police Station". BCHR. 1 April 2013. 
  134. ^ http://www.abna.ir/data.asp?lang=3&id=424024