List of cat breeds
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The following list of cat breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic × wild hybrids. The list includes established breeds recognized by various cat registries, new and experimental breeds, landraces being established as standardized breeds, distinct domestic populations not being actively developed and lapsed (extinct) breeds.
As of 2019, The International Cat Association (TICA) recognizes 71 standardized breeds, the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognizes 44, and the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) recognizes 43.
Inconsistency in breed classification and naming among registries means that an individual animal may be considered different breeds by different registries (though not necessarily eligible for registry in them all, depending on its exact ancestry). For example, TICA's Himalayan is considered a colorpoint variety of the Persian by the CFA, while the Javanese (or Colorpoint Longhair) is a color variation of the Balinese in both the TICA and the CFA; both breeds are merged (along with the Colorpoint Shorthair) into a single "mega-breed", the Colourpoint, by the World Cat Federation (WCF), who have repurposed the name "Javanese" for the Oriental Longhair. Also, "Colo[u]rpoint Longhair" refers to different breeds in other registries. There are many examples of nomenclatural overlap and differences of this sort. Furthermore, many geographical and cultural names for cat breeds are fanciful selections made by Western breeders to be exotic sounding and bear no relationship to the actual origin of the breeds; the Balinese, Javanese, and Himalayan are all examples of this trend.
The domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cat types are not breeds, but terms used (with various spellings) in the cat fancy to describe mongrel cats of a general type, by coat length, that do not belong to a particular breed. Some registries permit them to be pedigreed and they have been used as foundation stock in the establishment of some breeds. They should not be confused with standardized breeds with similar names, such as British Shorthair and Oriental Longhair.
|Breed||Location||Origin||Body type||Coat length||Pattern||Images|
|Aegean||Greece||Natural||Moderate||Short/long||All bicolor and calico patterns|
|American Bobtail||United States||Mutation||Cobby||Short/long||All|
|American Curl||United States||Mutation||Semi-foreign||Short/long||All|
|American Ringtail||United States||Mutation||Foreign||Short/long||All|
|American Shorthair||United States||Natural||Cobby||Short||All|
|American Wirehair||United States||Mutation||Normal||Rex||All|
|Aphrodite Giant||Cyprus||Natural||Lean and muscular||All||All|
|Arabian Mau||Arabian Peninsula||Natural||Moderate and muscular||Short||All|
|Asian cat||Developed in the United Kingdom (foundation stock from Asia)||Natural||Moderate||Short||Evenly solid|
|Asian Semi-longhair||United Kingdom||Crossbreed between the Burmese and long-haired cats||Cobby||Semi-long||Evenly solid|
|Australian Mist||Australia||Crossbreed between the Abyssinian and Burmese||Moderate||Short||Spotted or marbled|
|Balinese||Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Thailand)||Variety of the Siamese||Semi-foreign||Long||Colorpoint|
|Bambino||United States||Crossbreed between the Munchkin and Sphynx||Dwarf||Hairless and downy||All|
|Bengal||Developed in the United States, but created in Asia||Hybrid of the Abyssinian and Egyptian Mau × leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis)||Large||Short||Spotted, marbled, or rosetted|
|Birman||Developed in France (foundation stock from Burma (Myanmar))||The original Birman was crossed with the Siamese and the Persian to create the Birman of today.||Cobby||Semi-long||Mitted colorpoint|
|Bombay||United States and Burma (Myanmar)||Crossbreed between the Black American Shorthair and Sable Burmese||Cobby||Short||Solid black|
|British Longhair||United Kingdom (England)||Natural||Cobby||Medium||All|
|British Shorthair||United Kingdom (England)||Natural||Cobby||Short||All|
|Burmese||Burma (Myanmar)||Natural||Semi-foreign or semi-cobby||Short||Solid and tortoiseshell|
|Burmilla||United Kingdom (England)||Crossbreed between the Brown Tortie Burmese and the Chinchilla Persian||Semi-cobby||Short||Solid with Shaded Silver and Silver Tipped patterns|
|California Spangled||United States||Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, American Shorthair and British Shorthair||Moderate||Short||Spotted tabby|
|Chantilly-Tiffany||United States||Natural||Cobby||Long||Solid, classic tabby, spotted tabby and ticked tabby|
|Chartreux||France||Natural||Muscular but cobby||Short||Solid blue|
|Chausie||United States||Hybrid of the Abyssinian × jungle cat (Felis chaus)||Normal||Short||Solid black, black grizzled tabby and black ticked tabby|
|Colorpoint Shorthair||United Kingdom (England)||Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, Siamese and short-haired cats||Foreign||Short||Colorpoint|
|Cornish Rex||United Kingdom (England)||Mutation||Foreign||Rex||All|
|Cymric, Manx Longhair and Long-haired Manx[b]||United Kingdom (Isle of Man), United States, and Canada [c]||Mutation of the Manx||Semi-cobby||Long||All|
|Cyprus||Cyprus||Natural||Lean and muscular||All||All|
|Devon Rex||United Kingdom (England)||Mutation||Semi-foreign||Rex||All|
|Dragon Li or
Chinese Li Hua
|Dwelf||Crossbreed between the American Curl, Munchkin and Sphinx||Dwarf||Hairless||All|
|Egyptian Mau||Egypt||Natural||Moderate and muscular||Short||Spotted tabby|
|European Shorthair||Continental Europe||Natural||Moderate||Short||All|
|Exotic Shorthair||United States||Crossbreed between the American Shorthair and Persian||Cobby||Short||All|
|Foldex||Canada||Crossbreed between the Exotic Shorthair and Scottish Fold||Cobby||Short||All|
|Havana Brown||United Kingdom (England) (foundation stock from Thailand)||Crossbreed between the Siamese and black short-haired cats||Semi-foreign||Short||Solid brown|
|Highlander||United States||Crossbreed between the Desert Lynx and Jungle Curl||Moderate||Short/long||All|
|United States and United Kingdom||Crossbreed between the Persian and Siamese||Cobby||Long||Colorpoint|
|Japanese Bobtail||Japan[e]||Natural, mutation||Moderate||Short/long||All|
|Developed in the United States and Canada (foundation stock from Southeast Asia)||Crossbreed between the Balinese with some Colorpoint Shorthair, Oriental Longhair and Siamese||Oriental||Long||Colorpoint|
|Kanaani||Germany||Hybrid of short-haired cats x the African wildcat (Felis lybica)||Semi-foreign||Short||Solid black, chocolate spotted tabby or cinnamon spotted tabby|
|Khao Manee||Thailand||Natural||Moderate||Short||Solid white|
|Kinkalow||United States||Crossbreed between the Munchkin and American Curl||Dwarf||Short||All|
|Korean Bobtail||Korea||Natural, mutation||Moderate||Short/long||Colorpoint|
|Korn Ja||Thailand||Natural||Small||Short||Solid black|
|Kurilian Bobtail or
Kuril Islands Bobtail
|Eastern Russia and Japan||Natural, mutation||Semi-cobby||Short/long||All|
|Lambkin||United States||Crossbreed between the Munchkin and Selkirk Rex||Dwarf||Rex||All|
|Lykoi||United States||Mutation||Moderate||Partly hairless||Solid black roan|
|Maine Coon||United States||Natural||Large||Long||All|
|Manx||United Kingdom (Isle of Man)||Natural, mutation||Moderate||Short/long||All|
|Minskin||United States||Crossbreed between the Munchkin and Sphynx||Dwarf||Short/hairless||All|
|Napoleon||United States||Crossbreed between the Persian and Munchkin||Dwarf||Short/long||All|
|Nebelung||United States||Foreign||Semi-long||Solid blue|
|Norwegian Forest Cat||Norway||Natural||Cobby||Long||Traditional, sepia, or mink|
|Ocicat||United States||Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, American Shorthair and Siamese||Large||Short||Spotted tabby|
|Ojos Azules||United States||Crossbreed||Moderate||Short||All|
|Oregon Rex||United States||Mutation||Rex|
|Oriental Bicolor||Developed in the United States and United Kingdom, later in Continental Europe (foundation stock ultimately from Thailand)||Variety of the Oriental Shorthair||Oriental||Short||Bicolor|
|Oriental Longhair[g] or
British Angora (obsolete)
|Developed in the United States and United Kingdom (foundation stock ultimately from Thailand)||Variety of the Oriental Shorthair||Oriental||Semi-long||All; if colorpoint, this breed is called the Javanese|
|Oriental Shorthair[g]||Developed in the United States and United Kingdom (foundation stock ultimately from Thailand)||Crossbreed between the European Shorthair and Siamese||Oriental||Short||All; if colorpoint, this breed is called the Colorpoint Shorthair|
|Persian (modern)||Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Greater Iran)||Mutation from the traditional Persian||Cobby||Long||All but colorpoint|
|Persian (traditional)||Greater Iran||Natural, but some crossbreeding with the Turkish Angora||Cobby||Long||All but colorpoint|
|Peterbald||Russia||Crossbreed between the Donskoy, Oriental Shorthair and Siamese; before this, it was between the Balinese and Javanese||Oriental||Hairless/flocked, velour, brush, or straight coat||All|
|Pixie-bob||United States||Mutation (falsely claimed to be a bobcat hybrid early on)||Medium||Short||Spotted tabby|
|United States||Crossbreed between the Ragdoll with limited out-crossing to the Himalayan, the Persian, and other long-haired cats||Cobby||Long||All|
|Ragdoll||United States||Behavioral mutation in a crossbreed, presumed to be between the Persian or Turkish Angora and the Birman or Burmese||Cobby||Long||Colorpoint, mitted, or bicolor|
|Russian Blue||Russia||Natural||Moderate, Oriental||Short||Solid blue|
|Russian White, Black, and Tabby||Developed in Australia (foundation stock from Russia)||Crossbreeds between the Russian Blue and short-haired cats from Siberia, Russia||Moderate||Short||Solid white, solid black and tabby|
|Sam Sawet||Thailand||Variety of the Thai||Moderate||Short||Solid|
|Savannah||United States||Hybrid of the domestic cat × serval (Leptailurus serval)||Large||Short||Spotted|
|Scottish Fold||United Kingdom (Scotland)||Mutation of the bones and cartilage of the ears||Cobby||Short/long||All|
|Selkirk Rex||United States||Mutation/crossbreed between the American Shorthair, Persian, Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair and British Shorthair||Moderate||Rex (short/long)||All|
|Serengeti||United States||Crossbreed/hybrid between the Bengal and Oriental Shorthair||Oriental||Short||Spotted|
|Serrade Petit||France||Natural||Semi-cobby||Short||Solid tan, solid orange and solid white|
||Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Thailand)||Mutation of the Thai||Oriental||Short||Colorpoint|
Siberian Forest Cat;
Neva Masquerade (colorpoint variety)
|Singapura||Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Singapore)||Crossbreed between the Burmese, Abyssinian, and a variety of the Australian Mist||Small||Short||Ticked tabby|
|Snowshoe||United States||Crossbreed between the American Shorthair and Siamese||Moderate||Short||Mitted colorpoint|
|Somali||United States, Canada||Mutation||Cobby||Long||Ticked tabby|
Traditional, Classic, or Old-style Siamese;
|Thai Lilac, Thai Blue Point and Thai Lilac Point||Thailand||Varieties of the Korat||Moderate and muscular||Short||Solid lilac and colorpoint (blue point and lilac point only)|
|Tonkinese||Canada, United States||Crossbreed between the Burmese and Siamese||Oriental, moderate||Short||Colorpoint, mink, or solid|
|Toyger||United States||Crossbreed/hybrid between the Bengal and short-haired cats||Moderate||Short||Mackerel tabby|
|Turkish Van||Developed in the United Kingdom (England) (foundation stock from Turkey)||Natural||Semi-cobby||Semi-long||Van pattern|
|Turkish Vankedisi||Turkey||Natural||Svelte||Long||Solid white|
|Ukrainian Levkoy||Ukraine||Crossbreed between the Donskoy and Scottish Fold||Moderate||Hairless||Solid gray|
|Wila Krungthep||Thailand||Mutation||Oriental||Short||Solid brown|
|York Chocolate||New York||Natural||Moderate||Long||Solid chocolate, solid lilac and solid taupe or any of these colors with white|
- Felidae – the entire cat family
- Felinae – the subfamily of all smaller cat species
- Lists of domestic animal breeds
- Wildcat – the ancestor of the domestic cat
Notes and references
- It is possible that the Abyssinian originated in Ethiopia (formerly known as Abyssinia) but there is no record of agouti cats in Ethiopia. It is likely that they originated from somewhere in Asia, but there is no solid record.
- The Cymric is often classed as a long-haired variety of the Manx rather than a separate breed, e.g., as the "Semi-longhair Manx Variant" in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF).
- There may be some dispute to the exact origins of the Cymric. The specific dominant autosomal gene (M) that causes the short tail of the Cymric was found in the cats living on the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea. However, the breed itself was developed by a Canadian breeder named Blair Wright and an American breeder named Leslie Falteisek in the 1960s from the Isle of Man population.
- Some registries, such as the CFA and the TICA, classify the Himalayan as a colorpoint variety of the Persian. Others classify it as a long-haired sub-breed of the Siamese. The WCF has combined the Himalayan, the Colorpoint Shorthair and the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair into a single breed, the Colourpoint.
- Due to artifacts and prints dating from as early as the 11th century found in many Eastern countries, there is some likelihood these cats may have originated in China, then were brought to Japan. However, the first known importation of Japanese Bobtails was from Japan in the 1960s.
- "Colorpoint Longhair" has multiple meanings and "Javanese" has been used for at least one other breed; the WCF uses the "Javanese" name for the Oriental Longhair (not colorpointed). The WCF has also merged the colorpointed Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair, the Himalayan and the Colorpoint Shorthair of other registries into a single breed, the Colourpoint. In the CFA, the TICA and some other registries, the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair has been merged back into the Balinese as a division.
- In some registries, including the CFA, the Oriental Shorthair and Oriental Longhair are a single breed, the Oriental, with two divisions (shorthair and longhair).
- Thai is a recently established new name for the original, rounder-faced, thicker-bodied Siamese.
- "The International Cat Association - TICA Breed Standards". Archived from the original on 2015-07-22. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
- Cat Fanciers' Association - CFA Breed Standards
- Fédération InternationFéline - FIFe Breed Standards
- Somerville, Louisa (2007). The Ultimate Guide to Cat Breeds. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780785822646.
There is a lot of confusion surrounding the use of this name in the cat world, although it is always used to describe cats of distinctly Oriental type. It has been adopted simply because of the tradition which has grown up for using the names of countries and islands from south-eastern Asia for other Oriental breeds, such as the Siamese and Balinese.
- "The Royal Canin Cat Encyclopedia", Aniwa Publishing: Paris, 2005.
- "The Foldex". showcatsonline.com. Retrieved 2015-06-06.