List of cat breeds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Cat breed)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The following list of cat breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic × wild hybrids. The list includes established breeds recognized by various cat registries, new and experimental breeds, landraces being established as standardized breeds, distinct domestic populations not being actively developed and lapsed (extinct) breeds.

As of 2019, The International Cat Association (TICA) recognizes 71 standardized breeds,[1] the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) recognizes 44,[2] and the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) recognizes 43.[3]

Inconsistency in breed classification and naming among registries means that an individual animal may be considered different breeds by different registries (though not necessarily eligible for registry in them all, depending on its exact ancestry). For example, TICA's Himalayan is considered a colorpoint variety of the Persian by the CFA, while the Javanese (or Colorpoint Longhair) is a color variation of the Balinese in both the TICA and the CFA; both breeds are merged (along with the Colorpoint Shorthair) into a single "mega-breed", the Colourpoint, by the World Cat Federation (WCF), who have repurposed the name "Javanese" for the Oriental Longhair. Also, "Colo[u]rpoint Longhair" refers to different breeds in other registries. There are many examples of nomenclatural overlap and differences of this sort. Furthermore, many geographical and cultural names for cat breeds are fanciful selections made by Western breeders to be exotic sounding and bear no relationship to the actual origin of the breeds;[4] the Balinese, Javanese, and Himalayan are all examples of this trend.

The domestic short-haired and domestic long-haired cat types are not breeds, but terms used (with various spellings) in the cat fancy to describe mongrel cats of a general type, by coat length, that do not belong to a particular breed. Some registries permit them to be pedigreed and they have been used as foundation stock in the establishment of some breeds. They should not be confused with standardized breeds with similar names, such as British Shorthair and Oriental Longhair.

Breeds[edit]

Breed Location Origin Body type Coat length Pattern Images
Abyssinian Asia[5][a] Natural Semi-foreign Short Ticked tabby
Abyssinian
Aegean Greece Natural Moderate Short/long All bicolor and calico patterns
Aegean
American Bobtail United States[5] Mutation Cobby Short/long All
American Bobtail
American Curl United States[5] Mutation Semi-foreign Short/long All
American Curl
American Ringtail United States[5] Mutation Foreign Short/long All
American Shorthair United States[5] Natural Cobby Short All
American Shorthair
American Wirehair United States[5] Mutation Normal Rex All
American Wirehair
Aphrodite Giant Cyprus Natural Lean and muscular All All
Aphrodite Giant
Arabian Mau Arabian Peninsula Natural Moderate and muscular Short All
Arabian Mau
Asian cat Developed in the United Kingdom (foundation stock from Asia) Natural Moderate Short Evenly solid
Asian
Asian Semi-longhair United Kingdom Crossbreed between the Burmese and long-haired cats Cobby Semi-long Evenly solid
Asian Semi-longhair
Australian Mist Australia Crossbreed between the Abyssinian and Burmese Moderate Short Spotted or marbled
Australian Mist
Balinese Developed in the United States[5] (foundation stock from Thailand) Variety of the Siamese Semi-foreign Long Colorpoint
Balinese
Bambino United States Crossbreed between the Munchkin and Sphynx Dwarf Hairless and downy All
Bengal Developed in the United States, but created in Asia Hybrid of the Abyssinian and Egyptian Mau × leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) Large Short Spotted, marbled, or rosetted
Bengal
Birman Developed in France (foundation stock from Burma (Myanmar))[5] The original Birman was crossed with the Siamese and the Persian to create the Birman of today. Cobby Semi-long Mitted colorpoint
Birman
Bombay United States and Burma (Myanmar) Crossbreed between the Black American Shorthair and Sable Burmese Cobby Short Solid black
Bombay
Brazilian Shorthair Brazil Natural Normal Short All
Brazilian Shorthair
British Longhair United Kingdom (England)[5] Natural Cobby Medium All
British Semi-longhair
British Shorthair United Kingdom (England)[5] Natural Cobby Short All
British Shorthair
Burmese Burma (Myanmar)[5] Natural Semi-foreign or semi-cobby Short Solid and tortoiseshell
Burmese
Burmilla United Kingdom (England)[5] Crossbreed between the Brown Tortie Burmese and the Chinchilla Persian Semi-cobby Short Solid with Shaded Silver and Silver Tipped patterns
Burmilla
California Spangled United States[5] Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, American Shorthair and British Shorthair Moderate Short Spotted tabby
California Spangled
Chantilly-Tiffany United States Natural Cobby Long Solid, classic tabby, spotted tabby and ticked tabby
Chantilly-Tiffany
Chartreux France[5] Natural Muscular but cobby Short Solid blue
Chartreux
Chausie United States Hybrid of the Abyssinian × jungle cat (Felis chaus) Normal Short Solid black, black grizzled tabby and black ticked tabby
Chausie
Colorpoint Shorthair United Kingdom (England) Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, Siamese and short-haired cats Foreign Short Colorpoint
Colorpoint Shorthair
Cornish Rex United Kingdom (England)[5] Mutation Foreign Rex All
Cornish Rex
Cymric, Manx Longhair and Long-haired Manx[b] United Kingdom (Isle of Man), United States, and Canada [c][5] Mutation of the Manx Semi-cobby Long All
Cymric
Cyprus Cyprus Natural Lean and muscular All All
Cyprus
Devon Rex United Kingdom (England)[5] Mutation Semi-foreign Rex All
Devon Rex
Donskoy or
Don Sphynx
Russia Mutation Semi-foreign Hairless Solid
Donskoy or Don Sphynx
Dragon Li or
Chinese Li Hua
China Natural Normal Short Ticked tabby
Dragon Li or Chinese Li Hua
Dwelf Crossbreed between the American Curl, Munchkin and Sphinx Dwarf Hairless All
Egyptian Mau Egypt[5] Natural Moderate and muscular Short Spotted tabby
Egyptian Mau
European Shorthair Continental Europe[5] Natural Moderate Short All
European Shorthair
Exotic Shorthair United States Crossbreed between the American Shorthair and Persian Cobby Short All
Exotic Shorthair
Foldex[6] Canada Crossbreed between the Exotic Shorthair and Scottish Fold Cobby Short All
Foldex
German Rex Germany[5] Mutation Semi-foreign Rex All
German Rex
Havana Brown United Kingdom (England) (foundation stock from Thailand) Crossbreed between the Siamese and black short-haired cats Semi-foreign Short Solid brown
Havana Brown
Highlander United States Crossbreed between the Desert Lynx and Jungle Curl Moderate Short/long All
Highlander
Himalayan or
Colorpoint Persian[d]
United States and United Kingdom[5] Crossbreed between the Persian and Siamese Cobby Long Colorpoint
Himalayan or Colorpoint Persian
Japanese Bobtail Japan[e][5] Natural, mutation Moderate Short/long All
Japanese Bobtail
Javanese or
Colorpoint Longhair[f]
Developed in the United States[5] and Canada (foundation stock from Southeast Asia) Crossbreed between the Balinese with some Colorpoint Shorthair, Oriental Longhair and Siamese Oriental Long Colorpoint
Javanese or Colorpoint Longhair
Kanaani Germany Hybrid of short-haired cats x the African wildcat (Felis lybica) Semi-foreign Short Solid black, chocolate spotted tabby or cinnamon spotted tabby
Khao Manee Thailand Natural Moderate Short Solid white
Khao Manee
Kinkalow United States Crossbreed between the Munchkin and American Curl Dwarf Short All
Korat Thailand[5] Natural Muscular Semi-cobby Solid blue
Korat
Korean Bobtail Korea Natural, mutation Moderate Short/long Colorpoint
Japanese Bobtail walking.JPG
Korn Ja Thailand Natural Small Short Solid black
Kurilian Bobtail or
Kuril Islands Bobtail
Eastern Russia and Japan Natural, mutation Semi-cobby Short/long All
Kurilian Bobtail or Kuril Islands Bobtail
Lambkin United States[5] Crossbreed between the Munchkin and Selkirk Rex Dwarf Rex All
LaPerm United States[5] Mutation Moderate Rex All
LaPerm
Lykoi United States Mutation Moderate Partly hairless Solid black roan
Lykoi
Maine Coon United States[5] Natural Large Long All
Maine Coon
Manx United Kingdom (Isle of Man)[5] Natural, mutation Moderate Short/long All
Manx
Mekong Bobtail Russia Mutation Moderate Short Colorpoint
Mekong Bobtail
Minskin United States Crossbreed between the Munchkin and Sphynx Dwarf Short/hairless All
Minskin
Napoleon United States Crossbreed between the Persian and Munchkin Dwarf Short/long All
Napoleon
Munchkin United States[5] Mutation Dwarf Short/long All
Munchkin
Nebelung United States Foreign Semi-long Solid blue
Nebelung
Norwegian Forest Cat Norway[5] Natural Cobby Long Traditional, sepia, or mink
Norwegian Forest Cat
Ocicat United States[5] Crossbreed between the Abyssinian, American Shorthair and Siamese Large Short Spotted tabby
Ocicat
Ojos Azules United States[5] Crossbreed Moderate Short All
Oregon Rex United States Mutation Rex
Oriental Bicolor Developed in the United States and United Kingdom, later in Continental Europe (foundation stock ultimately from Thailand) Variety of the Oriental Shorthair Oriental Short Bicolor
Oriental Bicolor
Oriental Longhair[g] or
Foreign Longhair;
Mandarin;
British Angora (obsolete)
Developed in the United States and United Kingdom (foundation stock ultimately from Thailand)[5] Variety of the Oriental Shorthair Oriental Semi-long All; if colorpoint, this breed is called the Javanese
Oriental Longhair
Oriental Shorthair[g] Developed in the United States and United Kingdom (foundation stock ultimately from Thailand)[5] Crossbreed between the European Shorthair and Siamese Oriental Short All; if colorpoint, this breed is called the Colorpoint Shorthair
Oriental Shorthair
Persian (modern) Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Greater Iran)[5] Mutation from the traditional Persian Cobby Long All but colorpoint
Persian, modern
Persian (traditional) Greater Iran[5] Natural, but some crossbreeding with the Turkish Angora Cobby Long All but colorpoint
Traditional Persian
Peterbald Russia Crossbreed between the Donskoy, Oriental Shorthair and Siamese; before this, it was between the Balinese and Javanese Oriental Hairless/flocked, velour, brush, or straight coat All
Peterbald
Pixie-bob United States[5] Mutation (falsely claimed to be a bobcat hybrid early on) Medium Short Spotted tabby
Pixie-bob
Ragamuffin or
Liebling (obsolete)
United States Crossbreed between the Ragdoll with limited out-crossing to the Himalayan, the Persian, and other long-haired cats Cobby Long All
Ragamuffin
Ragdoll United States[5] Behavioral mutation in a crossbreed, presumed to be between the Persian or Turkish Angora and the Birman or Burmese Cobby Long Colorpoint, mitted, or bicolor
Ragdoll
Raas Indonesia Natural Short
Russian Blue Russia[5] Natural Moderate, Oriental Short Solid blue
Russian Blue
Russian White, Black, and Tabby Developed in Australia (foundation stock from Russia) Crossbreeds between the Russian Blue and short-haired cats from Siberia, Russia Moderate Short Solid white, solid black and tabby
Sam Sawet Thailand Variety of the Thai Moderate Short Solid
Savannah United States Hybrid of the domestic cat × serval (Leptailurus serval)[7] Large Short Spotted
Savannah
Scottish Fold United Kingdom (Scotland)[5] Mutation of the bones and cartilage of the ears Cobby Short/long All
Lilac-coated Scottish Fold
Selkirk Rex United States[5] Mutation/crossbreed between the American Shorthair, Persian, Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair and British Shorthair Moderate Rex (short/long) All
Selkirk Rex
Serengeti United States Crossbreed/hybrid between the Bengal and Oriental Shorthair Oriental Short Spotted
Serengeti
Serrade Petit France Natural Semi-cobby Short Solid tan, solid orange and solid white
Serrade petit
Siamese (modern)
(for traditional, see Thai below)
Developed in the United States and Europe (foundation stock from Thailand)[5] Mutation of the Thai Oriental Short Colorpoint
Siamese
Siberian or
Siberian Forest Cat;
Neva Masquerade (colorpoint variety)
Russia, Ukraine[5] Natural Semi-cobby Semi-long All
Siberian
Singapura Developed in the United States (foundation stock from Singapore)[5] Crossbreed between the Burmese, Abyssinian, and a variety of the Australian Mist Small Short Ticked tabby
Singapura
Snowshoe United States[5] Crossbreed between the American Shorthair and Siamese Moderate Short Mitted colorpoint
Snowshoe
Sokoke Kenya Natural Moderate Short Ticked tabby
Sokoke
Somali United States, Canada Mutation Cobby Long Ticked tabby
Somali
Sphynx Canada, Europe[5] Mutation Oriental Hairless All
Sphynx
Suphalak Thailand Natural Moderate Short Solid reddish-brown
Suphalak
Thai or
Traditional, Classic, or Old-style Siamese;
Wichien Maat[h]
Thailand[5] Natural Moderate Short Colorpoint
Thai
Thai Lilac, Thai Blue Point and Thai Lilac Point Thailand Varieties of the Korat Moderate and muscular Short Solid lilac and colorpoint (blue point and lilac point only)
Thai Lilac
Tonkinese Canada, United States[5] Crossbreed between the Burmese and Siamese Oriental, moderate Short Colorpoint, mink, or solid
Tonkinese
Toyger United States Crossbreed/hybrid between the Bengal and short-haired cats Moderate Short Mackerel tabby
Toyger
Turkish Angora Turkey[5] Natural Semi-cobby Semi-long All
Turkish Angora
Turkish Van Developed in the United Kingdom (England) (foundation stock from Turkey) Natural Semi-cobby Semi-long Van pattern
Turkish Van
Turkish Vankedisi Turkey Natural Svelte Long Solid white
Van cat
Ukrainian Levkoy Ukraine Crossbreed between the Donskoy and Scottish Fold Moderate Hairless Solid gray
Ukrainian Levkoy
Wila Krungthep Thailand Mutation Oriental Short Solid brown
York Chocolate New York Natural Moderate Long Solid chocolate, solid lilac and solid taupe or any of these colors with white
York Chocolate

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ It is possible that the Abyssinian originated in Ethiopia (formerly known as Abyssinia) but there is no record of agouti cats in Ethiopia. It is likely that they originated from somewhere in Asia, but there is no solid record.
  2. ^ The Cymric is often classed as a long-haired variety of the Manx rather than a separate breed, e.g., as the "Semi-longhair Manx Variant" in the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF).
  3. ^ There may be some dispute to the exact origins of the Cymric. The specific dominant autosomal gene (M) that causes the short tail of the Cymric was found in the cats living on the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea. However, the breed itself was developed by a Canadian breeder named Blair Wright and an American breeder named Leslie Falteisek in the 1960s from the Isle of Man population.
  4. ^ Some registries, such as the CFA and the TICA, classify the Himalayan as a colorpoint variety of the Persian. Others classify it as a long-haired sub-breed of the Siamese. The WCF has combined the Himalayan, the Colorpoint Shorthair and the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair into a single breed, the Colourpoint.
  5. ^ Due to artifacts and prints dating from as early as the 11th century found in many Eastern countries, there is some likelihood these cats may have originated in China, then were brought to Japan. However, the first known importation of Japanese Bobtails was from Japan in the 1960s.
  6. ^ "Colorpoint Longhair" has multiple meanings and "Javanese" has been used for at least one other breed; the WCF uses the "Javanese" name for the Oriental Longhair (not colorpointed). The WCF has also merged the colorpointed Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair, the Himalayan and the Colorpoint Shorthair of other registries into a single breed, the Colourpoint. In the CFA, the TICA and some other registries, the Javanese/Colorpoint Longhair has been merged back into the Balinese as a division.
  7. ^ a b In some registries, including the CFA, the Oriental Shorthair and Oriental Longhair are a single breed, the Oriental, with two divisions (shorthair and longhair).
  8. ^ Thai is a recently established new name for the original, rounder-faced, thicker-bodied Siamese.
  1. ^ "The International Cat Association - TICA Breed Standards". Archived from the original on 2015-07-22. Retrieved 2010-04-27.
  2. ^ Cat Fanciers' Association - CFA Breed Standards
  3. ^ Fédération InternationFéline - FIFe Breed Standards
  4. ^ Somerville, Louisa (2007). The Ultimate Guide to Cat Breeds. Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780785822646. There is a lot of confusion surrounding the use of this name in the cat world, although it is always used to describe cats of distinctly Oriental type. It has been adopted simply because of the tradition which has grown up for using the names of countries and islands from south-eastern Asia for other Oriental breeds, such as the Siamese and Balinese.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax "The Royal Canin Cat Encyclopedia", Aniwa Publishing: Paris, 2005.
  6. ^ "The Foldex". showcatsonline.com. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
  7. ^ http://f3savannahcat.com/