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Category:CS1 errors: bare URL

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This is a tracking category for all CS1 citations that use |url= without an associated |title=.

|<param>= missing title

All Citation Style 1 and Citation Style 2 templates report this error when one of the URL-containing parameters cannot be paired with an associated title. This error may also occur when |title= cannot be linked with |url= because the citation also contains a conflicting |title-link= parameter.

URL-containing parameters and associated title parameters
URL parameters Title parameters
|archive-url= |title=
|article-url= |article=, |chapter=, |contribution=, |entry=, |section=
|chapter-url= |chapter=, |article=, |contribution=, |entry=, |section=
|conference-url= |conference=, |event=
|contribution-url= |contribution=, |chapter=, |article=, |entry=, |section=
|entry-url= |entry=, |chapter=, |article=, |contribution=, |section=
|event-url= |event=, |conference=
|map-url= |map=
|section-url= |section=, |chapter=, |article=, |contribution=, |entry=
|transcript-url= |transcript=
|url= |title=

A unique case exists for {{cite journal}}: if |pmc= or |doi= has a value, |url= is omitted or empty, and |title-link= does not point to an article, then |title= is automatically linked with the same URL as the PMC or DOI. This default behaviour can be overridden using |title-link=none/pmc/doi.

Because URLs are ugly and generally uninformative, it is expected that editors should provide a meaningful title for each URL. In most cases this can be accomplished by using the |title= parameter.

To resolve this error, provide an appropriate title for the URL-containing parameter. In the case where |url= and |title-link= are contending for |title= you must choose which one to keep. Consider moving |url= or |title-link= to a more suitable parameter.

Pages with this error are automatically placed in Category:CS1 errors: bare URL.[a]


  1. ^ Pages in the Category talk, Draft talk, File talk, Help talk, MediaWiki talk, Module talk, Portal talk, Talk, Template talk, User, User talk, and Wikipedia talk namespaces are not included in the tracking categories. In addition, pages with names matching the patterns '/[Ss]andbox', '/[Tt]estcases', '/[^/]*[Ll]og', and '/[Aa]rchive' are not included in the tracking categories.

Pages in category "CS1 errors: bare URL"

The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 12,832 total. This list may not reflect recent changes.

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