Pan-Europeanism refers several ideologies, but in general to a normative belief in some form of European geopolitical, cultural, ethnic or racial entity. Pan-Europeanism may imply political action on the basis of common traits recognized in European people, countries and cultures, and on the basis of intimate intra-European international relations - their inclusion in the European Constitution, for instance.
In the strict sense, pan-Europeanism is a form of pan-nationalism seeking to promote some form of European unity, in some cases implying the constitution of a European state or geopolitical entity of sorts. Early pan-Europeanist organisations, such as the early International Paneuropean Union, competed with other pan-nationalist ideals such as pan-Germanism. After the Second World War, the European Economic Community and its successor the European Union came to be seen as the only path to European integration, and other pan-Europeanist ideas were marginalised.
Recently, the term pan-European has been used within the European Union, to designate activities at EU, rather than national, level. The 2009 European elections, for instance are only open to pan-European political parties, although most of them are alliances of existing national parties.
This category has the following 11 subcategories, out of 11 total.
- ► Cross-European advocacy groups (20 P)
- ► Pan-European corridors (10 P)
- ► International E-road network (20 C, 232 P)
- ► European music charts (2 C, 2 P)
- ► Pan-European nationalism (2 C, 31 P)
- ► European trade union federations (5 C, 4 P)
Pages in category "Pan-Europeanism"
The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).