From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Temporal range: Early Devonian
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Embryophytes
Genus: Catenalis
S.G.Hao & C.B.Beck (1991)[1]
  • C. digitata S.G.Hao & C.B.Beck (1991)[1]

Catenalis is a genus of extinct plants of the Early Devonian (Pragian, around 410 million years ago). Fossils were first found in the Posongchong Formation of eastern Yunnan, China. The leafless stems (axes) bore 10-12 elliptical spore-forming organs or sporangia on side branches. To release their spores, the sporangia split at the opposite end to their attachment to the stem. Its phylogenetic relationship to other land plants is considered uncertain at present.[2]


  1. ^ a b Hao, S.-G. & Beck, C.B. (1991), "Catenalis digitata, gen. & sp. nov. a plant from the Lower Devonian (Siegenian) of Yunnan, China", Can. J. Bot., 69 (4): 873–882, doi:10.1139/b91-113, cited in Li & Edwards 1996
  2. ^ Li, C.-S. & Edwards, D. (1996), "Demersatheca Li et Edwards, gen. nov., a new genus of early land plants from the Lower Devonian, Yunnan Province, China", Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 93 (1–4): 77–88, doi:10.1016/0034-6667(95)00120-4