Cathal Brugha Barracks
|Cathal Brugha Barracks|
Drills on the barracks' square (then known as Portobello Barracks) early in the 20th century
Location within Ireland
|Partial (Barracks museum and archives are open to public at certain times)|
|Events||1916 Easter Rising, Irish War of Independence|
|Brigadier General Michael Finn|
|Garrison||2 Brigade of Irish Army|
Cathal Brugha Barracks is an Irish Army barracks in Rathmines, Dublin. A key military base of the Irish Defence Forces, it is the headquarters of 2 Brigade, and houses the Military Archives of the Department of Defence.
History and name
The barracks was originally constructed between 1810 and 1815, and named Portobello Barracks for the area in which it was sited. (When Sir Francis Drake looted the city of Portobelo, Panama, died and was buried at sea in its harbour, many places in England and Ireland were commemoratively named Portobello – including part of Rathmines in 1696. The nearby canal bridge and the area became known as Portobello and thereafter, the barracks.)
Originally designed as a cavalry barracks, it saw some development along these lines, with additional land being purchased, and the addition of a church (1842) and canteen block (1868).
During the 1916 Easter Rising, and the Irish War of Independence, British Troops from the barracks were involved in actions throughout Dublin. During this time, three journalists, including the pacifist Francis Sheehy-Skeffington, were murdered outside the barrack guardroom. The Royal Irish Rifles company commander Captain Bowen-Colthurst, who ordered the shootings, was controversially adjudged "insane" at the subsequent inquiry and court-martial.
On 17 May 1922 Irish troops took possession of the Barracks, and it became the National Army's Headquarters under General Michael Collins.
In 1952 it was renamed for Cathal Brugha, who was a leader during the 1916 rising, Minister for Defence in the First Dáil, and who lived locally for a time. Cathal Brugha an IRA man was gunned down by the National Army on O'Connell street during the Battle of Dublin.
The first British troops to occupy the barracks were the 6th Dragoon Guards, with following units including the: Royal Scots Fusiliers, Royal Munster Fusiliers, Durham Light Infantry, Middlesex Regiment, Wiltshire Regiment, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and Royal Irish Rifles.
Since the end of the Irish War of Independence, the barracks has housed units of the Irish Defence Forces, and has more recently been developed as a result of the force's reorganisation. It became the Eastern Command HQ (again) in 1994, and in 1997 accommodated additional units after the closure of Collins Barracks. Following the 2012 reorganisation of the army, the barracks became headquarters of the reorganised 2 Brigade.
Cathal Brugha Barracks houses the following units:
- 2 Brigade Headquarters
- 7 Infantry Battalion
- 2 Brigade Cavalry Squadron
- 2 Brigade Field CIS Company
- 2 Brigade Military Police Company
- 2 Brigade Transport Company
- 2 Brigade Ordnance Company
- 2 Brigade Training Centre
- Army School of Music and No 1 Army Band
- (Plus reserves units such as a CIS Radio Platoon and the Dublin Unit of the Naval Service Reserve (DUNSR))
He had a good slice of luck, Jack Mooney was telling me, over that boxing match Myler Keogh won again that soldier in the Portobello barracks. By God, he had the little kipper down in the county Carlow he was telling me— Ulysses, Chapter 2, Lestrygonians episode, James Joyce
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cathal Brugha Barracks.|
- "Cathal Brugha Visitor Centre | Defence Forces Museums | Info Centre | Defence Forces". Military.ie. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "About Military Archives". Militaryarchives.ie. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "GOC 2 E Bde | Brigade Commanders | General Staff | Info Centre | Defence Forces". Military.ie. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "Organisation of the Army – 2 Brigade". Irish Defence Forces. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- Irish Defence Forces Press Office (30 November 2012). "Ceremonial Stand Down Parade of the 4th Western Brigade". Official Defence Forces Website. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "Military.ie - Contact Us - Cathal Brugha Barracks, Dublin". Official Defence Forces Website. Retrieved 10 November 2014.